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Study of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Nanoparticle Albumin Bound Paclitaxel, Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide (NAC) in Patients With Stages II-III Breast Cancer (NAC)

This study has been terminated.
(Drug Manufacturer withdrew support for studies not in metastatic breast cancer)
Celgene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Utah Identifier:
First received: March 17, 2010
Last updated: March 29, 2017
Last verified: March 2017
The purpose of this clinical trial is to test whether treatment of patients with breast cancer with the combination of Abraxane (nab-paclitaxel), Adriamycin (doxorubicin), and Cyclophosphamide prior to surgery is safe and results in good tumor response. Up to 24 patients may be enrolled in this study at the Mitchell Cancer Institute. All patients enrolling in this study will receive treatment with the combination of Abraxane, Adriamycin, and Cyclophosphamide.

Condition Intervention Phase
Stages II-III Breast Cancer
Drug: Nanoparticle Albumin Bound Paclitaxel
Drug: doxorubicin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I Study of Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy With Nanoparticle Albumin Bound Paclitaxel, Doxorubicin and Cyclophosphamide (NAC) in Patients With Stages II-III Breast Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Utah:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Type, incidence, severity, timing, seriousness and relatedness of adverse events and laboratory abnormalities [ Time Frame: one year ]
  • Pathologic complete response [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall clinical response rate (OcRR) [ Time Frame: one year ]

Enrollment: 27
Study Start Date: September 2008
Study Completion Date: March 24, 2017
Primary Completion Date: March 24, 2017 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: All patients
All participants enrolled.
Drug: Nanoparticle Albumin Bound Paclitaxel
IV administered over 30 minutes. 100 mg/m2 on days 1 and 8
Other Name: Abraxane
Drug: doxorubicin
50 mg/m2 every 3 weeks
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: cyclophosphamide
500 mg/m2 given every 3 weeks

Detailed Description:

This is a single center, open phase I dose escalation study with expansion cohort. The dose escalation part of the study is now closed and the highest tolerable dose of nab-paclitaxel (Abraxane) was assessed to be 100 mg/m2 in combination with doxorubicin (Adriamycin) and cyclophosphamide in patients with stages II-III breast cancer in the neoadjuvant setting. The initial phase I study objective was to primarily assess the safety of the drug combination, and to secondarily obtain preliminary data on the clinical efficacy of the combination. 25 patients were enrolled. The expansion cohort will enroll 15 additional patients.

The purpose of the expansion cohort is to assess pathological complete response.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Histologically or cytologically proven adenocarcinoma of the breast stages II-III, according to the AJCC Staging Manual, 7th Edition, 2009
  2. The following receptor status:

    Expansion: Triple negative (ER<1%, PR<1%, and Her-2/neu negative Phase 1 (closed): Negative Her-2/neu status

  3. ECOG performance status 0 or 1
  4. Negative pregnancy test
  5. Normal cardiac function (ejection fraction > lower limit of normal) as determined by MUGA or echocardiogram
  6. ANC greater than or equal to 1,500/mm3; platelet greater than or equal to 100,000/mm3; hemoglobin greater than or equal to 9 gm/dL
  7. Serum bilirubin levels less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL
  8. Serum aspartate transaminase (AST) and serum alanine transaminase (ALT) less than or equal to 2.5 X upper limit of normal, alkaline phosphatase less than or equal to 2.5 X upper limit of normal.
  9. Serum creatinine levels less than or equal to 1.5 mg/dL
  10. Women of childbearing potential should be advised to avoid becoming pregnant while receiving treatment with nab-paclitaxel through 28 days after the last dose. Men should be advised to not father a child while receiving treatment with azacitidine or nab-paclitaxel. Appropriate methods of birth controls for women include oral or implanted contraceptives, intrauterine device (IUD), diaphragm with spermicide, cervical cap, abstinence, use of a condom by the sexual partner or sterile sexual partner and also based on the judgment of the investigator.
  11. Female, greater than or equal to 19 years of age and any race.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Concurrent therapy with any other non-protocol anti-cancer therapy
  2. For Phase I patients only: Current therapy with hormone replacement therapy, or any hormonal agent such as raloxifene, tamoxifen, or other selective estrogen receptor modulators
  3. Presence of neuropathy > grade 2 (NCI-CTC version 3.0) at baseline
  4. History of any other malignancy requiring active treatment
  5. Clinically significant cardiovascular disease (e.g., hypertension [BP > 150/100], myocardial infarction or stroke within 6 months, unstable angina), New York Heart Association (NYHA) Grade II or greater congestive heart failure, or serious cardiac arrhythmia requiring medication
  6. Currently active infection.
  7. History of HIV infection or chronic hepatitis B or C.
  8. The presence of any other medical or psychiatric disorder that, in the opinion of the treating physician, would contraindicate the use of the drugs in this protocol or place the subject at undue risk for treatment complications
  9. Pregnancy or breast feeding
  10. A history of a severe hypersensitivity reaction to nab-paclitaxel.
  11. Any reason why, in the opinion of the investigator, the patient should not participate.
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01090128

United States, Utah
University of Utah Huntsman Cancer Institute
Salt Lake City, Utah, United States, 84112
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Utah
Celgene Corporation
Principal Investigator: Hung Khong, MD University of Utah
  More Information

Responsible Party: University of Utah Identifier: NCT01090128     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: HCI53989
Study First Received: March 17, 2010
Last Updated: March 29, 2017

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Liposomal doxorubicin
Albumin-Bound Paclitaxel
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antirheumatic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Myeloablative Agonists
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on April 28, 2017