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A Phase I Clinical Trial of OXi4503 for Relapsed and Refractory AML and MDS

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01085656
Recruitment Status : Terminated
First Posted : March 12, 2010
Last Update Posted : August 8, 2017
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Florida

Brief Summary:
This study is intended to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose of a drug, OXi4503 (combretastatin A1 diphosphate, CA1P, OXiGENE), in patients with relapsed and refractory AML and MDS.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Leukemia, Myelogenous, Acute Myelodysplastic Syndromes Drug: OXi4503 Phase 1

Detailed Description:
Despite initial disease remissions with cytotoxic chemotherapies, patients with AML and MDS often relapse and die of their disease. Novel strategies for targeting dependent pathways are needed. AML and MDS depend on blood vessels for survival and proliferation. OXi4503 is a novel microtubule targeting agent that selectively destroys cancer-associated blood vessels, induces cancer cell apoptosis via an ortho-quinone moiety and results in significant regressions of solid tumors. OXi4503 is currently being tested in phase I clinical trials of advanced solid tumors. In preclinical studies with human AML, OXi4503 was cytotoxic to leukemia cells, decreased size of chloromas, regressed leukemic cell engraftment in bone marrow and brought about phenotypic and molecular remissions. Given these results, we hypothesize that OXi4503 has disease remitting effects in myeloid malignancies such as AML and MDS. Before evaluating efficacy, safety and maximum tolerated dose of OXi4503 will be defined in AML and MDS patients. In addition, assessments of pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacokinetic (PD) parameters will be made, and relationships between dose and biologic activity will be defined. Results from this trial will provide new clinical data and biologic insight regarding the effects of OXi4503 in AML and MDS, and will serve as the basis for future efficacy trials.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 18 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Clinical Trial of OXi4503 for Relapsed and Refractory Acute Myelogenous Leukemia (AML) and Myelodysplastic Syndromes (MDS)
Study Start Date : February 2011
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2016
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2016

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: OXi4503
Dosing of OXi4503 will be an intravenous infusion (IV) over 10 minutes on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 28 day cycle.
Drug: OXi4503

Two safety cohorts treating two (2) patients at a dose of 2.5 mg/m2 followed by two patients at 3.75 mg/m2 will be completed prior to beginning at the dose level of 5 mg/m2.

Dosing of OXi4503 will be an intravenous infusion (IV) over 10 minutes on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22 of each 28 day cycle.

Dose escalations and de-escalations of 25% will be made until the maximum tolerated dose is reached.

Number of cycles: After Cycle 1, subjects who achieve stable disease (SD) or greater response may continue to receive additional cycles of treatment until either disease progression (defined as greater than 25% increase in leukemia myeloblasts in the bone marrow compared to baseline examination) or unacceptable toxicity due to the investigational agent.

Other Name: Combretastatin A1 Diphosphate, CA1P

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. To determine the safety and establish the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of OXi4503 in patients with relapsed and refractory AML and MDS. [ Time Frame: 28 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients must be at least 18 years of age;
  • Patients must have either:

    • AML (de novo or secondary, and any WHO 2008 classification excluding acute promyelocytic leukemia) that has failed to achieve CR or CRi (IWG 2003) after at least 1 cycle of induction chemotherapy, or has relapsed after any duration of CR or CRi; or,
    • MDS (RAEB-1 or RAEB-2 WHO 2008 classification) that has failed to achieve any hematologic improvement (IWG 2006 criteria) after at least 4 cycles of induction therapy (e.g., azacitidine, decitabine), or has relapsed after any duration of CR or PR.;
  • Patient performance status must be Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0, 1 or 2;
  • Patients must have a life expectancy of greater than 14 days;
  • Patients must have total bilirubin ≤ 2;
  • Patients must have serum AST and ALT levels ≤ 2.5 times upper limit of normal;
  • Patients must have serum creatinine less than or equal to 2.5 times upper limit of normal;
  • Patients must have PT/INR and PTT in normal range ± 25%;
  • Women of child-bearing potential (i.e., women who are pre-menopausal or not surgically sterile) may participate, provided they meet the following conditions:

    • Must agree to use physician-approved contraceptive methods (e.g., abstinence, intrauterine device, oral contraceptive, double barrier device) throughout the study and for three months following the last dose of OXi4503; and
    • Must have a negative serum or urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to beginning treatment on this trial;
  • Males with female partners of child-bearing potential must agree to use physician-approved contraceptive methods (e.g., abstinence, condoms, vasectomy) throughout the study and should avoid conceiving children for 6 months following the last dose of OXi4503;
  • Written informed consent, willingness, and ability to comply with all study procedures.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) with t(15;17);
  • Absolute peripheral blood myeloblast count greater than 25,000/mm3;
  • Uncontrolled hypertension, defined as blood pressure 140/90 mm Hg despite maximum medical intervention;
  • History of congenital long QT syndrome or torsades de pointes;
  • Pathologic bradycardia or heart block (excluding first degree heart block);
  • Prolonged baseline QTc, defined as QTc interval > 470 msec in women and > 450 msec in men;
  • History of ventricular arrhythmia (excluding premature ventricular contractions, PVCs);
  • Major operative surgery within 28 days;
  • Unstable angina pectoris within 28 days;
  • Myocardial infarction and/or new ST elevation or depression or new Q wave on ECG within 28 days;
  • Any history of hemorrhagic stroke;
  • Symptomatic congestive heart failure Class III or greater (New York Heart Association Functional Classification);
  • On full dose anti-coagulation defined as warfarin intended to raise the INR to 2-3, or enoxaparin 1 mg/kg twice a day or unfractionated heparin intended to raise the PTT to 60-90 seconds;
  • Major hemorrhagic event within 28 days requiring transfusion of packed red blood cells;
  • Prior history of hypertensive crisis or hypertensive encephalopathy;
  • Active, uncontrolled, clinical significant infection;
  • Any open wound;
  • Pregnant and nursing patients are excluded because the effects of OXi4503 on a fetus or nursing child are unknown.
  • Treatment with any anticancer therapy (standard or investigational) within the previous 21 days prior to the first dose of study drug or less than full recovery (CTCAE grade 1) from the clinically significant toxic effects of that treatment. The use of hydroxyurea may be used for two weeks after dosing in Cycle 1 (e.g., Days 1-14 dosed with hydroxyurea).

Relative Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients on concurrent medications known to prolong the QTc interval may participate as long as their screening QTc interval meets eligibility criteria.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01085656

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United States, Florida
UF Health Shands Cancer Hopsital
Gainesville, Florida, United States, 32608
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Florida
The Leukemia and Lymphoma Society
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Principal Investigator: Christopher R. Cogle, MD University of Florida
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Responsible Party: University of Florida Identifier: NCT01085656    
Other Study ID Numbers: UF OXi4503 AML MDS
First Posted: March 12, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: August 8, 2017
Last Verified: August 2017

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Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Myelodysplastic Syndromes
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Bone Marrow Diseases
Hematologic Diseases
Precancerous Conditions
Antineoplastic Agents, Phytogenic
Antineoplastic Agents
Tubulin Modulators
Antimitotic Agents
Mitosis Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action