Effect of Testosterone on Endothelial Function and Microcirculation in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Hypogonadism
Verified January 2014 by Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr Edward Jude, Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
First received: March 9, 2010
Last updated: January 3, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
Diabetes mellitus is associated with long-term complications affecting mainly the eyes, nerves and kidneys. One of the main underlying causes for this is damage to the lining of the small blood vessels supplying these organs with dysfunction of the endothelium (lining of the small blood vessels). Testosterone has been shown to have an effect macro (large) blood vessels with limited data available on the micro (small) blood vessels. Testosterone is recognised to have important effects on metabolism and vascular behaviour beyond the accepted effects on secondary sexual characteristics. Physiological testosterone therapy is associated with some beneficial effects on the cardiovascular system and has been used with some success to treat patients with stable angina and chronic heart failure. The investigators therefore propose to study the effects of testosterone replacement therapy in patients with hypogonadism (low testosterone levels) on the endothelium in males with type 2 diabetes. 40 diabetic patients with type 2 diabetes and low testosterone levels and erectile dysfunction (impotence) will be recruited into the study. All patients will receive testosterone replacement therapy and 10 patients will also receive Vardenafil (a drug used to treat impotence). The investigators hope to demonstrate an improvement in endothelial dysfunction by assessing biochemical markers such as nitric oxide (a chemical that causes relaxation for the blood vessels) and C-reactive protein (a chemical that can increase in patients with diabetes) as well as the effect on weight, blood pressure, diabetes control and cholesterol.
Type 2 Diabetes
||Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
||Phase IV: Effect of Testosterone on Endothelial Function and Microcirculation in Type 2 Diabetic Patients With Hypogonadism
Primary Outcome Measures:
- Improvement in endothelial dependent and endothelial-independent vasodilatation [ Time Frame: 30 and 54 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Markers of endothelial function [ Time Frame: 54 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Secondary efficacy variables will include changes of the following
- Availability of nitric oxide
- Endothelial inflammation as measured by CRP
- Serum levels of endothelial markers: IGF and adhesion molecules
- BMI, waist circumference, glycaemic control (HbA1c), lipid profile and blood pressure.
- Other laboratory parameters
| Estimated Enrollment:
| Study Start Date:
| Estimated Study Completion Date:
| Estimated Primary Completion Date:
||May 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Experimental: Testosterone, Vardenafil
All patients will receive Testosterone (n=40) of these (10 patients) will also receive Vardenafil
NEBIDO ampoules containing a solution for injection of 1000mg/4ml of testosterone undecanoate. NEBIDO injection 1000mg/4ml will be given at baseline, 6 weeks, 18 weeks, 30 weeks, 42 and 54 weeks. Levitra will be given to those patients with erectile dysfunction for 2 weeks in addition to Nebido.
Concomitant medication deemed necessary by the investigator as part of the routine clinical management will be permissable.
- Testosterone (NEBIDO)
- Vardenafil (Levitra)
|Ages Eligible for Study:
||50 Years to 80 Years
|Genders Eligible for Study:
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
- Patients with uncontrolled hypertension (BP>145/95 on treatment) or significant hypotension. (BP<100 systolic)
- Current smokers
- Recent myocardial infarction (<6 months), unstable angina or ongoing chest pain, recent (within 6 months) cardiac intervention (e.g. angioplasty, stenting or CABG) or stroke.
- Patients with clinical nephropathy (24 hr protein >0.5 g or urine protein +) or moderate renal failure (serum creatinine >150 micromol/l).
- History of prostate cancer or suspicion of prostate cancer on clinical examination
- Androgen dependent carcinoma of the male mammary gland
- Liver tumours
- Hypersensitivity to NEBIDO or LEVITRA
- General systemic illness, including cardiac, renal or hepatic insufficiency
- Patients on nitrates will not be included in the Levitra arm.
- History of loss of vision in one eye because of non arteritic ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION), regardless of whether this episode was in connection or not with previous PDE5 inhibitor exposure.
- Hereditary degenerative retinal disorders such as retinitis pigmentosa.
- Clinically significant chronic haematological disease which may lead to priapism
- Bleeding disorders
- Significant active peptic ulceration.
- Concomitant use of vardenafil with HIV protease inhibitors such as ritonavir and indinavir is contraindicated, as they are potent inhibitors of CYP 3A4
- Concomitant use of vardenafil with potent CYP 3A4 inhibitors ketoconazole and itraconazole (oral form) is contra-indicated in men older than 75 years.
- Patients deemed unable to comply with the requirements of the protocol.
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01084369
|Tameside General Hospital
|Ashton-under-Lyne, Lancashire, United Kingdom, OL6 9RW |
|Tameside Hospital NHS Foundatoin Trust
|Ashton under Lyne, United Kingdom, OL69RW |
Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
||Edward Jude, MD, MRCP
||Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
No publications provided
||Dr Edward Jude, Consultant Physician, Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust
History of Changes
|Other Study ID Numbers:
|Study First Received:
||March 9, 2010
||January 3, 2014
||United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
United Kingdom: Research Ethics Committee
Keywords provided by Tameside Hospital NHS Foundation Trust:
Type 2 diabetes
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 30, 2015
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Testosterone 17 beta-cypionate
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Phosphodiesterase 5 Inhibitors
Physiological Effects of Drugs