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Surgical Intervention in Bariatric Patients: Excess Weight Loss in the Morbidly Obese Following Gastric Plication

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01077193
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Study was terminated due to commercial considerations and potential patient attrition at 3 years. There were no patient safety or procedure efficacy reasons.)
First Posted : March 1, 2010
Results First Posted : September 13, 2013
Last Update Posted : February 7, 2014
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ethicon Endo-Surgery

Brief Summary:
Up to 45 men and women who meet the entry criteria will undergo the gastric plication procedure. The study will assess subject excess weight loss (%EWL) following the study procedure at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, 24, 30 and 36 months.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Morbid Obesity Procedure: Gastric Plication Not Applicable

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 44 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Surgical Intervention in Bariatric Patients: Excess Weight Loss in the Morbidly Obese Following Gastric Plication
Study Start Date : November 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : May 2012

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Gastric Plication Surgery Procedure: Gastric Plication

A laparoscope will be inserted to visualize the surgical area and confirm absence of injury to any surrounding organ or structure. A flexible endoscope will be passed transorally into the gastric lumen to provide insufflation.

The greater curvature of the stomach is separated from the greater omentum using a harmonic scalpel starting approximately 3cm from the pylorus and ending at or near the angle of His. As needed, adhesions to the posterior surface of the stomach may be transected.

At least two rows of at least five continuous stitches will be placed laparoscopically about the greater curvature of the stomach starting at or near the angle of His and ending in the antrum. An endoscope will be used to maintain a lumen during the procedure, ensuring one exists after the procedure.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Mean Percent Excess Weight Loss at 3 Years With Last Observation Carried Forward [ Time Frame: 3 years ]

    Percent excess weight change from baseline to 3 years was calculated as (the baseline weight minus the weight at 3 years) divided by the (baseline weight minus the ideal body weight (using the upper limit of the midpoint range in the Metropolitan Tables for Life Insurance, 1983) x 100). Last observation carried forward was used for early terminated subjects.

    One-sided, alpha=0.025, t-test of the Percent Excess Weight Loss (EWL) at 3-years to demonstrate non-inferiority to the target weight loss value of 41.1%EWL

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject is willing to give consent and comply with evaluation and treatment schedule (for female patients, this includes agreement to use a reliable (per investigator) form of birth control for the duration of the trial);
  2. 18 to 65 years of age (inclusive);
  3. Subject meets ASMBS and NIH criteria: (

    BMI ³ 40 kg/m2 and £ 50 kg/m2; or, BMI 35-40 kg/m2 with one or more significant co-morbid medical conditions which are generally expected to be improved, reversed, or resolved by weight loss, including:

    • Hyperlipidemia
    • Mild obstructive sleep apnea (per Investigator discretion)
    • Hypertension
    • Osteoarthritis of the hip or knee per investigational site's criteria for which the subject is being treated;
  4. ASA Class I - III;
  5. Agree to refrain from any type of weight-loss drug (prescription or OTC) or elective procedure that would affect body weight for the duration of the trial;
  6. HbA1C < 11%; and
  7. For subjects who have Type 2 diabetes, medication regimen is no more complex (2 oral medications) than oral metformin plus one oral sulfonylurea plus once daily insulin injection.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Documented history of drug and/or alcohol abuse within two (2) years of the Screening Visit;
  2. Previous malabsorptive or restrictive procedures performed for the treatment of obesity;
  3. Scheduled concurrent surgical procedure, with the exception of SOC liver biopsy;
  4. Women of childbearing potential who are pregnant or lactating at the time of screening or at the time of surgery;
  5. Psychiatric disorders that may affect compliance with the clinical trial, including dementia, active psychosis, severe depression requiring > 2 medications, or history of suicide attempts;
  6. Participation in any other investigational device or drug study (non-survey based trial; long-term enrollment in such studies as requiring periodic laboratory tests, etc., would be allowed) within 12 weeks of enrollment;
  7. Any condition which precludes compliance with the study, including:

    1. Inflammatory diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, including severe intractable esophagitis, gastric ulceration, duodenal ulceration, or specific inflammation such as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis that have been active within the past 10 years;
    2. Congenital or acquired anomalies of the GI tract, including atresias or stenosis;
    3. Severe cardiopulmonary disease or other serious organic disease that makes the subject a high-risk surgical candidate;
    4. Uncontrolled hypertension;
    5. Portal hypertension;
    6. Chronic or acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding conditions (e.g., gastric or esophageal varices);
    7. Cirrhosis;
    8. Congenital or acquired intestinal telangiectasia;
    9. Esophageal or gastric disorders including moderate severe preoperative reflux, dysmotility, or Barrett's esophagus;
    10. Presence of hiatal hernia greater than 2cm in length, with the exception of a small sliding hiatal hernia previously undiagnosed and discovered during the surgical procedure;
    11. Prior surgery of the foregut including hiatal hernia repair or prior gastric surgery;
    12. Known history of clotting disorders, hemoglobinopathies, and hemolytic disorders, including pulmonary embolus and Deep Vein Thrombosis;
    13. Pancreatitis;
    14. Gallstones (confirmed via ultrasound);
    15. Immunocompromised such as that resulting from chronic oral steroid use, chemotherapeutic agents, or immune deficiency disorders;
    16. Use of thiazolidinediones ("glitazones"), or
    17. Conditions that, in the opinion of the investigator, may jeopardize the subject's well-being and/or the soundness of this clinical study;
  8. History or presence of pre-existing autoimmune connective tissue disease; and
  9. Use of prescription or over the counter weight reduction medications or supplements within thirty days of the Screening Visit or the duration of study participation.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01077193

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United States, Ohio
Cleveland Clinic
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44195
The Ohio State University Medical Center
Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210
Czech Republic
OB Klinika, a.s.
Prague, Czech Republic
Sponsors and Collaborators
Ethicon Endo-Surgery
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Responsible Party: Ethicon Endo-Surgery Identifier: NCT01077193    
Other Study ID Numbers: CI-09-0006
First Posted: March 1, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 13, 2013
Last Update Posted: February 7, 2014
Last Verified: January 2014
Keywords provided by Ethicon Endo-Surgery:
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Obesity, Morbid
Weight Loss
Nutrition Disorders
Body Weight
Body Weight Changes