Elective Induction of Nulliparous Labor
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01076062|
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified April 2013 by Nathaniel Miller, Madigan Army Medical Center.
Recruitment status was: Recruiting
First Posted : February 25, 2010
Last Update Posted : April 24, 2013
Primary outcome: to evaluate the effect of elective induction of labor (IOL), at 39 weeks gestation, on cesarean delivery rates in nulliparous women compared to expectant management (EM).
Secondary outcomes: to evaluate differences in the mean number of clinic visits/antepartum tests avoided with IOL, to compare the differences in utilization of inpatient resources (mean duration of inpatient stay, mean duration of labor), and to evaluate the effect of IOL on the risk of urinary/anal incontinence and sexual dysfunction as analyzed using previously validated measurements. We will evaluate differences in the rate of cervical change once active labor is diagnosed, and the time from completion of active labor, defined as complete dilation and complete effacement, to the delivery of fetus (definition of second stage of active labor). Furthermore, other secondary outcomes to be evaluated include comparisons between IOL and EM in regards to the occurence of chorioamnionitis, stillbirth, operative vaginal delivery, and meconium stained amniotic fluid. An evaluation of the predictive value of cervical length and Bishop score for vaginal delivery will also be examined.
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Pregnancy||Procedure: Induction of Labor||Not Applicable|
A research nurse will screen patients at the 38 week visit through chart review and potential candidates will be identified. One of the study investigators or research nurse will interface with the patient at the 38 week visit and written informed consent will be obtained after the study protocol is explained and eligibility determined. Since eligibility determination cannot be made without performing a digital cervical examination, the patient will be offered a cervix exam with Bishop score determination. If the Bishop score meets inclusion criteria, the patient will be offered participation in the study. Women who consent to the study will be randomized using a computer-generated list by means of sequentially numbered, opaque, sealed envelopes which reveal the allocation of the subject to either induction or expectant management. All subjects will then receive the following evaluation: transvaginal cervical length measurement, and completion of a standard urinary/rectal incontinence/sexual function questionnaire. Patients randomized to induction will be scheduled not earlier than 39 weeks gestation and in coordination with the labor and delivery physician and nursing leadership. The method of induction will be dependant on whether or not a cervical foley bulb can be placed at the time of admission for induction of labor. If cervical foley bulb placement is possible, the foley bulb will remain in place until either spontaneously removed or after 12 hours, whichever is earlier. If placement is not possible, cervical ripening with misoprostol 25 mcg per vagina every 4 hours (maximum of 4 total doses) will be initiated. Cervical examination will occur every 4 hours (coincident with vaginal misoprostol placement). Repeat doses of misoprostol will be given only if foley bulb placement is not possible and/or if palpably firm uterine contractions are less than 6 in 10 minutes in consecutive 10 minute intervals. Once placement of a cervical foley bulb can be performed this will be accomplished and initiation of oxytocin administration will begin at 2 mIU/minute and increasing by 2 mIU/minute every 20 minutes to ensure adequate contractions (maximum oxytocin infusion rate 36 mIU/minute). Adequate contractions will be defined as 7 contractions in 15 minutes in consecutive 15 minute intervals that palpate moderate to firm. Oxytocin infusion will begin not earlier than 4 hours after the last misoprostol dose (if given). Subjects expectantly managed (EM) will be scheduled for routine follow-up appointments and delivered for obstetric indications but not later than 42 weeks gestation.
A routine 6-8 week immediate postpartum and 1 year follow-up examinations will be scheduled for all subjects following delivery. In addition to the routine examinations, all subject evaluations during these visits will include completion of a standard urinary/rectal incontinence/sexual function.
Study data will be entered into a password protected Excel file on a DoD government computer accessible only to study investigators and a clinical research nurse. Withdrawal from the study will be voluntary and results will be analyzed on an intent-to-treat basis.
Data analysis will focus on the primary outcome: to evaluate the effect of elective induction of labor, at 39 weeks gestation, on cesarean delivery rates in nulliparous women compared to expectant (typical) management. Also evaluation of secondary outcomes will include determination of the predictive value of cervical length and Bishop score for successful vaginal delivery; the risk of urinary/anal incontinence and sexual dysfunction with labor induction compared to spontaneous labor; number of clinic visits/antepartum tests avoided with elective induction compared with potential increased utilization of inpatient resources; evaluation of the labor curve with induction compared to spontaneous labor. Other secondary outcomes to be evaluated include comparisons between IOL and EM in regards to the rate of chorioamnionitis, rate of stillbirth, rate of operative vaginal delivery, and rate of meconium stained amniotic fluid. Students t-test will be used to compare continuous variables and the Chi-square test will be used to compare proportions between the groups. Analysis is by intent-to-treat with a p-value of less than 0.05 considered significant.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Estimated Enrollment :||200 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Parallel Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Elective Induction of Nulliparous Labor: A Randomized Clinical Trial|
|Study Start Date :||February 2010|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date :||September 2013|
|Estimated Study Completion Date :||October 2013|
No Intervention: Expectant management (EM) arm
Standard of care: routine clinic appointments until they deliver, fetal heart rate and contraction monitoring during their 41st week if not delivered. Also if they have not gone into labor the subjects will be scheduled for an induction by 42 weeks.
Experimental: Induction of Labor (IOL) arm
Elective induction of labor at 39 weeks.
Procedure: Induction of Labor
If cervical foley bulb placement is possible, the foley bulb will remain in place until either spontaneously removed or after 12 hrs, whichever is earlier. If placement is not possible, cervical ripening with misoprostol 25 micrograms (mcg) per vagina every 4 hrs (max of 4 total doses) will be initiated. Cervical examination will occur every 4 hr. Repeat doses of misoprostol will be given only if foley bulb placement is not possible and/or if palpably firm uterine contractions are less than 6 in 10 min in consecutive 10 min intervals. Once placement of a cervical foley bulb can be performed, oxytocin administration will begin at 2 mIU/min and increasing by 2 mIU/min every 20 min to ensure adequate contractions (maximum oxytocin infusion rate 36 mIU/min). Adequate contractions will be defined as 7 contractions in 15 min in consecutive 15 min intervals that palpate moderate to firm. Oxytocin infusion will begin not earlier than 4 hrs after the last misoprostol dose (if given).
- Cesarean Birth Rate [ Time Frame: 39 weeks gestation ]
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01076062
|Contact: Nathaniel R Miller, MDfirstname.lastname@example.org|
|Contact: Rebecca Cypher, RN||253-968- email@example.com|
|United States, Washington|
|Madigan Army Medical Center||Recruiting|
|Tacoma, Washington, United States, 98431|
|Contact: Nathaniel R Miller, MD 253-968-5161|
|Principal Investigator:||Nathaniel R Miller, MD||Madigan Army Medical Center|
|Study Director:||Peter Nielsen, MD||Madigan Army Medical Center|