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Study of Vidaza Versus Conventional Care Regimens for the Treatment of Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Celgene Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01074047
First received: February 16, 2010
Last updated: December 1, 2016
Last verified: December 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this study is to compare the effect of azacitidine (Vidaza) to conventional care regimens on overall survival in elderly AML patients.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Drug: Azacitidine
Drug: Conventional Care Regimen
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase 3, Multicenter, Randomized, Open-Label, Study of Azacitidine (Vidaza®) Versus Conventional Care Regimens for the Treatment of Older Subjects With Newly Diagnosed Acute Myeloid Leukemia

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Celgene Corporation:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Kaplan-Meier Estimates for Overall Survival From Any Cause [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    Overall Survival was defined as the time from randomization to death from any cause. Overall survival was calculated by the formula: date of death - date of randomization + 1. Participants surviving at the end of the follow-up period or who withdrew consent to follow-up were censored at the date of last contact. Participants who were lost to follow-up were censored at the date last known alive.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • One-year Overall Survival Rate [ Time Frame: From Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    Kaplan Meier methods were used to estimate the 1-year survival probabilities for time to death from any cause. Estimates of the 1-year (365 day) survival probabilities and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CI) were presented by treatment group. The CI for the difference in the 1-year survival probabilities was derived using Greenwoods variance estimate.

  • Event-free Survival (EFS) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to date of treatment failure, progressive disease, relapse after Complete Remission (CR) or Complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), death from any cause. Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    Event-free survival was defined as the interval from the date of randomization to the date of treatment failure, progressive disease, relapse after complete remission (CR) or complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi), death from any cause, or lost to follow-up, whichever occurs first. Participants who were still alive without any of these events were censored at the date of their last response assessment.

  • Relapse-Free Survival (RFS) for Participants Who Achieved a Complete Remission (CR) or Complete Remission With Incomplete Blood Count Recovery (CRi) [ Time Frame: Day 1 of first documented CR or CRi to the date of relapse, death from any cause, or lost to follow-up. Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    Relapse-free survival was defined as the interval from the date of first documented CR or CRi to the date of relapse, death from any cause, or lost to follow-up, whichever occurred first. Participants who were still alive and in continuous CR or CRi were censored at the date of their last response assessment.

  • Overall Remission Rate (CR + CRi ) as Determined by the Independent Review Committee (IRC) Based on International Working Group (IWG) Response Criteria for Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]

    Morphologic complete remission (CR) is defined as a leukemia-free state defined as less than 5% blasts in a BM aspirate with marrow spicules and with at least 200 nucleated cells (there should be no blasts with Auer rods) AND an absolute neutrophil count of ≥ 1 x 10^9/L, a platelet count ≥ 100 x 10^9/L, and transfusion independence (no transfusions for 1 week prior to each assessment). No duration of these findings is required for confirmation of this response.

    Morphologic complete remission with incomplete blood count recovery (CRi) is defined as a morphologic complete remission but the ANC count may be < 1 x 10^9/L and/or the platelet count may be < 100 x 10^9/L.


  • Duration of Remission Assessed by the IRC Based on Kaplan-Meier Estimates [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months; date of the first documented CR or CRi until date of first documented relapse. ]
    The time from the date CR or CRi was first documented until the date of documented relapse from CR/CRi. Duration of remission was defined only for those participants who achieved a CR or CRi, as determined by the IRC. Participants who were lost to follow-up without documented relapse, or were alive at last follow-up without documented relapse were censored at the date of their last response assessment.

  • Cytogenetic Complete Remission Rate (CRc-10) by the IRC [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    The CRc is a normal karyotype defined as no clonal abnormalities after review of at least 10 metaphases using conventional cytogenetic techniques. Cytogenetic complete remission rate (CRc) is when the following criteria are met: 1) CR criteria met and 2) an abnormal karyotype is present at baseline and 3) there is reversion to normal karyotype at the time of CR (based on ≥ 10 metaphases), where date of cytogenetic sample = date of BM sample used for the CR assessment

  • Number of Participants With Adverse Events (AEs) [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) up to last visit completed 22 Jan 2014; Up to 40 months ]
    AEs = any noxious, unintended, or untoward medical occurrence that may appear or worsen during the course of a study. It may be a new intercurrent illness, a worsening concomitant illness, an injury, or any concomitant impairment of the participant's health, regardless of cause. Serious AE (SAE) = any AE which results in death; is life-threatening; requires inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization; results in persistent or significant disability/incapacity; is a congenital anomaly/birth defect; constitutes an important medical event. The severity of AEs were graded based upon the participants symptoms according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE, Version 4.0); AEs were evaluated for severity according to the following scale: Grade 1 = Mild - transient or mild discomfort; no medical intervention required; Grade 2 = Moderate - mild to moderate limitation in activity; Grade 3 = Severe; Grade 4 = Life threatening; Grade 5 = Death

  • Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL): Change From Baseline in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients With Cancer (EORTC QLQ-C30) Fatigue Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 3; at approximately 3 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Fatigue Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate reduction in fatigue (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increases in fatigue (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL): Change From Baseline in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients With Cancer (EORTC QLQ-C30) Fatigue Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 5, at approximately 5 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Fatigue Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate reduction in fatigue (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increases in fatigue (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL): Change From Baseline in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients With Cancer (EORTC QLQ-C30) Fatigue Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 7, at approximately 7 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Fatigue Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate reduction in fatigue (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increases in fatigue (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL): Change From Baseline in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients With Cancer (EORTC QLQ-C30) Fatigue Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 9, at approximately 9 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Fatigue Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate reduction in fatigue (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increases in fatigue (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL): Change From Baseline in the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire for Patients With Cancer (EORTC QLQ-C30) Fatigue Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to End of Study; at approximately 11-12 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Fatigue Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate reduction in fatigue (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increases in fatigue (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 3, at approximately 3 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate decreased dyspnea (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increased dyspnea (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 5, at approximately 5 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate decreased dyspnea (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increased dyspnea (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 7, at approximately 7 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate decreased dyspnea (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increased dyspnea (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 9, at approximately 9 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate decreased dyspnea (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increased dyspnea (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study, at approximately 11-12 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Dyspnea scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating a higher level of symptoms. Negative change from Baseline values indicate decreased dyspnea (i.e. improvement in symptom) and positive values indicate increased dyspnea (i.e. worsening of symptom).


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 3, at approximately 3 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 PhysicalFunctioning Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better functioning. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in functioning and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 5, at approximately 5 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 PhysicalFunctioning Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better functioning. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in functioning and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 7, at approximately 7 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 PhysicalFunctioning Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better functioning. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in functioning and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 9, at approximately 9 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 PhysicalFunctioning Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better functioning. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in functioning and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Physical Functioning Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study, at approximately 11-12 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 PhysicalFunctioning Scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better functioning. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in functioning and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status-/Quality of Life Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 3, at approximately 3 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/QOL scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better Global Health Status/QOL. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in Global Health Status/QOL and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status-/Quality of Life Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 5, at approximately 5 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/QOL scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better Global Health Status/QOL. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in Global Health Status/QOL and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status-/Quality of Life Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 7, at approximately 7 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/QOL scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better Global Health Status/QOL. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in Global Health Status/QOL and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status-/Quality of Life Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to Cycle 9, at approximately 9 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/QOL scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better Global Health Status/QOL. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in Global Health Status/QOL and positive values indicate improvement.


  • HRQoL: Change From Baseline in the EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status-/Quality of Life Domain [ Time Frame: Baseline to end of study, at approximately 11-12 months ]

    The European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) Core Quality of Life (QOL) questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30) is a 30-question tool used to assess the overall quality of life in cancer patients. It consists of 15 domains: 1 global health status (GHS) scale, 5 functional scales (Physical, Role, Cognitive, Emotional, Social), and 9 symptom scales/items (Fatigue, Nausea and Vomiting, Pain, Dyspnea, Sleep Disturbance, Appetite Loss, Constipation, Diarrhea, Financial Impact).

    The EORTC QLQ-C30 Global Health Status/QOL scale is scored between 0 and 100, with a high score indicating better Global Health Status/QOL. Negative change from Baseline values indicate deterioration in Global Health Status/QOL and positive values indicate improvement.


  • Healthcare Resource Utilization (HRU): Rate of Inpatient Hospitalizations [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    HRU was defined as any consumption of healthcare resources directly or indirectly related to the treatment of the patient. HRU Analysis may help in evaluating potential costs and budget impact of new treatments from a payer perspective.

  • Healthcare Resource Utilization (HRU): Rate of Inpatient Hospitalizations Per Year [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    HRU was defined as any consumption of healthcare resources directly or indirectly related to the treatment of the patient. HRU Analysis may help in evaluating potential costs and budget impact of new treatments from a payer perspective. The rate of inpatient hospitalizations per patient year was calculated as the total number of hospitalizations divided by the total number of patient-years followed in the study period. Patient-years (PY) were calculated as the duration from baseline to last available HRQL assessment for each patient.

  • HRU: Rate of Transfusions [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    Count of study participants who had transfusions during the treatment phase. HRU is defined as any consumption of healthcare resources directly or indirectly related to the treatment of the patient. HRU Analysis may help in evaluating potential costs and budget impact of new treatments from a payer perspective.

  • HRU: Rate of Transfusions Per Patient Year [ Time Frame: Day 1 (randomization) to 40 months ]
    HRU is defined as any consumption of healthcare resources directly or indirectly related to the treatment of the patient. HRU Analysis may help in evaluating potential costs and budget impact of new treatments from a payer perspective. The rate of transfusions per patient year was calculated as the total number of transfusions divided by the total number of patient-years followed in the study period. Patient-years (PY) were calculated as the duration from baseline to last available HRQL assessment for each patient.


Enrollment: 488
Study Start Date: June 2010
Study Completion Date: August 2016
Primary Completion Date: January 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Azacitidine
Azacitidine daily for 7 days for 28 day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
Drug: Azacitidine
75 mg/m^2 subcutaneous (SC) daily for 7 days for 28 day cycles until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
Other Name: Vidaza
Active Comparator: Conventional Care Regimen
Conventional Care Regimen
Drug: Conventional Care Regimen

Physician pre-selects prior to randomization from one of the following:

  • Intensive chemotherapy (cytarabine 100-200 mg/m^2 continuous intravenous infusion for 7 days + anthracycline IV x 3 days) + Best Supportive Care; induction with up to 2 consolidation cycles
  • Low-dose cytarabine 20 mg subcutaneous (SC) twice a day (BID) for 10 days, for 28 day cycles + BSC; until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity
  • Best Supportive Care only; until study end

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of one of the following

    • Newly diagnosed de novo acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
    • AML secondary to myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS)
    • AML secondary to exposure to leukemogenic therapy or agents with primary malignancy in remission for at least 2 years
  • Bone marrow blasts >30%
  • Age ≥ 65 years
  • Easter Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) 0-2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous cytotoxic or biologic treatment for AML (except hydroxyurea)
  • Previous treatment with azacitidine, decitabine or cytarabine
  • Prior use of targeted therapy agents (e.g., FLT3 inhibitors, other kinase inhibitors)
  • AML French American British subtype (FAB M3)
  • AML associated with inv(16), t(8;21), t(16;16), t(15:17), or t(9;22) karyotypes
  • Prior bone marrow or stem cell transplantation
  • Candidate for allogeneic bone marrow or stem cell transplant
  • Diagnosis of malignant disease within the previous 12 months (excluding base cell carcinoma, "in-situ" carcinoma of the cervix or breast or other local malignancy excised or irradiated with a high probability of cure)
  • Malignant hepatic tumors
  • Uncontrolled systemic infection
  • Active viral infection with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) or Hepatitis type B or C
  • Use of any experimental drug or therapy within 28 days prior to Day 1
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01074047

  Show 112 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Celgene Corporation
Investigators
Study Director: C L Beach, PharmD Celgene Corporation
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Celgene Corporation
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01074047     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AZA-AML-001 
Study First Received: February 16, 2010
Results First Received: January 22, 2015
Last Updated: December 1, 2016

Keywords provided by Celgene Corporation:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia
Cytarabine
Vidaza
azacitidine
Intensive Chemotherapy
Low Dose Cytarabine
Celgene

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Cytarabine
Azacitidine
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Enzyme Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 24, 2017