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Study to Identify and Characterize the Bacteria Causing Acute Otitis Media Episodes in Young Children in Taiwan

This study has been terminated.
(The study was terminated for logistic reasons)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline Identifier:
First received: February 18, 2010
Last updated: May 25, 2017
Last verified: May 2017
The purpose of the study is to identify the bacterial aetiology of Acute Otitis Media episodes in young children aged >= 3 months to < 5 years in Taiwan

Condition Intervention
Acute Otitis Media Procedure: Sample Collection

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Identification and Characterization of the Bacteria Causing Acute Otitis Media (AOM) Episodes in Young Children in Taiwan

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae and other bacterial pathogens [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Distribution of H. influenzae and S. pneumoniae serotypes. [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]
  • Antimicrobial susceptibility of H. influenzae, S. pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]
  • Proportion of treatment failure of Acute Otitis Media (AOM) and of recurrent AOM [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]
  • Occurrence of spontaneous otorrhea [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]
  • Occurrence of H. influenzae in AOM cases with treatment failure and in new AOM cases without treatment therapy [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]
  • Occurrence of H. influenzae in AOM cases vaccinated with a pneumococcal vaccine. [ Time Frame: Average duration: 12 months ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Enrollment: 10
Study Start Date: July 2010
Study Completion Date: April 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
Single Group Procedure: Sample Collection


Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Months to 5 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects aged >= 3 months and < 5 years of age, diagnosed as having AOM in hospital by pediatricians or ear nose and throat (ENT) specialists.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age: >= 3 months and < 5 years at the time they are seen by the pediatrician or ear, nose and throat specialist. The subject becomes ineligible on the fifth birthday.
  • Onset of signs and symptoms of acute otitis media within 72 hours:
  • One of the functional or general signs of otalgia (, conjunctivitis, fever and either
  • Paradise's criteria or
  • Spontaneous otorrhea of less than 1 day.
  • Written informed consent obtained from parent or legally acceptable representative prior to study start.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Hospitalized during the diagnosis of acute otitis media.
  • Onset of otorrhea greater than 1 day prior to enrolment.
  • Otitis externa, or otitis media with effusion.
  • Presence of a transtympanic aerator.
  • Systemic antibiotic treatment received for a disease other than acute otitis media in the 72 hours prior to enrolment.
  • Receiving antimicrobial prophylaxis for recurrent acute otitis media.
  • Provision of prescribing antibiotics by ear, nose and throat specialist and Pediatricians for acute otitis media before sample collection.
  • Intended or planned prescription of antibiotic by pediatrician or ear, nose and throat specialist prior to the completion of study specified procedures during the enrolment visit.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01072227

GSK Investigational Site
Taipei, Taiwan
GSK Investigational Site
Taoyuan Hsien, Taiwan
Sponsors and Collaborators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline Identifier: NCT01072227     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 113932
Study First Received: February 18, 2010
Last Updated: May 25, 2017

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
Non-typeable Haemophilus Influenzae
Acute Otitis Media
Streptococcus Pneumoniae

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Otitis Media
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases processed this record on June 23, 2017