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A Study in Subjects With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Glatiramer Acetate (GA) Injection 40 mg Administered Three Times a Week Compared to Placebo (GALA)

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01067521
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 11, 2010
Results First Posted : October 9, 2018
Last Update Posted : November 14, 2018
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd. )

Brief Summary:

The study is designed to assess the efficacy of Glatiramer Acetate (GA) injection 40 mg administered three times a week compared to placebo in subjects with RRMS, as measured by the number of confirmed relapses during the 12 month placebo controlled period. The study has two periods:

  • Placebo Controlled Period: 12 months of 40 mg administered three times a week by subcutaneous injection or matching placebo.
  • Open Label Extension Period: All subjects will continue treatment with GA 40 mg administered three times a week, until this dose strength is commercially available for the treatment of relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients or until the development of this GA dose regimen is stopped by the Sponsor

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis Drug: Glatiramer acetate (GA) Drug: Placebo Phase 3

Detailed Description:
Participants who were randomized to the GA 40 mg treatment arm in the Double-Blind Period, continue that treatment in the Open-Label Extension Period and are referred to as "Early Start" participants. Participants randomized to the Placebo arm in the Double-Blind Period and switched to GA 40 mg subcutaneous injections three times a week in the Open-Label Extension are referred to as "Delayed Start" participants.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1404 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multinational, Multicenter, Randomized, Parallel-group Study Performed in Subjects With Relapsing-Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) to Assess the Efficacy, Safety and Tolerability of Glatiramer Acetate (GA) Injection 40 mg Administered Three Times a Week Compared to Placebo in a Double-blind Design
Actual Study Start Date : June 22, 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 8, 2012
Actual Study Completion Date : May 12, 2017

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: GA 40 mg / GA 40 mg
Also referred to as the 'Early Start' treatment arm, participants were administered glatiramer acetate (GA) 40 mg/mL by subcutaneous injection three times a week for 12 months during the Double-Blind Period, and then continued that treatment as open-label therapy until the drug was commercially available or development stopped.
Drug: Glatiramer acetate (GA)
GA 40 mg/mL administered 3 times a week by subcutaneous injection for a period of 12 months for participants assigned to GA treatment in the Double-Blind Period, and GA 40 mg/mL administered 3 times a week by subcutaneous injection for all participants in the Open-Label Extension Period.
Other Name: Copaxone

Placebo Comparator: Placebo / GA 40 mg
Also referred to as the 'Delayed Start' treatment arm, participants were administered placebo subcutaneous injections three times a week for 12 months during the Double-Blind Period, and then switched to GA 40 mg/mL subcutaneous injections three times a week as open-label therapy until the drug was commercially available or development stopped.
Drug: Glatiramer acetate (GA)
GA 40 mg/mL administered 3 times a week by subcutaneous injection for a period of 12 months for participants assigned to GA treatment in the Double-Blind Period, and GA 40 mg/mL administered 3 times a week by subcutaneous injection for all participants in the Open-Label Extension Period.
Other Name: Copaxone

Drug: Placebo
Placebo comparator administered by subcutaneous injection three times each week for 12 months during the Double-Blind Period.




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Total Number of Confirmed Relapses During the Placebo Controlled (PC) Treatment Period Estimated by Negative Binomial Regression [ Time Frame: Day 1 to 12 months ]
    Relapses were monitored throughout the study. During the PC Period, two neurologists/physicians assessed subjects' general medical and neurological evaluations separately. A relapse was defined as the appearance of 1+ new neurological abnormalities or the reappearance of 1+ previously observed neurological abnormalities lasting >= 48 hours and immediately preceded by an improving neurological state of at >=30 days from onset of previous relapse. An event was counted as a relapse only when the subject's symptoms were accompanied by observed objective neurological changes, consistent with >= one of the following: - An increase of >= 0.5 in the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) score as compared to previous evaluation. - An increase of one grade in the actual score of >=2 of the 7 functional systems (FS), as compared to previous evaluation. - An increase of 2 grades in the actual score of one FS as compared to the previous evaluation. Adjusted mean values are displayed.

  2. Annualized Rate of Confirmed Relapses Comparing Early Starters to Delayed Starters Estimated by Negative Binomial Regression [ Time Frame: Day 1 up to 6.5 years ]
    The annualized relapse rate (ARR) was calculated for the study by dividing the cumulative number of confirmed relapses by the number of person-years of exposure to treatment. The analysis of the annualized relapse rate is based on estimating a contrast (early start vs delayed start) derived from a baseline-adjusted, Negative Binomial Regression model to the number of confirmed relapses observed during study (post randomization) with an "offset" based on the log of exposure to treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. The Cumulative Number of New/Enlarging T2 Lesions Taken at Month 6 and Month 12 During the Placebo Controlled (PC) Treatment Period Estimated by Negative Binomial Regression [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -7), Month 6, Month 12 ]
    T2 lesions are hyperintense brain lesions that show on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and are associated with multiple sclerosis. The cumulative number of T2 lesions at Months 6 and 12 that are new or enlarged as compared to the baseline MRI are offered. Note that the two timeframes (Months 6 and 12) are combined. Adjusted mean is based on negative binomial regression, adjusted for baseline number of T2 lesions and country or geographical region as covariates.

  2. The Cumulative Number of Gadolinium (Gd)-Enhanced Lesions on T1-Weighted Images At Month 6 and Month 12 of the Placebo-Controlled (PC) Treatment Period Estimated by Negative Binomial Regression [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -7), Month 6, Month 12 ]
    The cumulative number of gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced lesions on T1-weighted images at Months 6 and 12 as compared to the baseline MRI are offered. Note that the two timeframes (Months 6 and 12) are combined. Adjusted mean is based on negative binomial regression with an "offset" employing the log of the proportion of the number of the available post-baseline scans to adjust for missing MRI scans (if any), adjusted for baseline number of enhancing lesions on T1-weighted images and country or geographical region as covariates.

  3. Brain Atrophy As Defined by the Percent of Change in Normalized Brain Volume From Baseline to Month 12 During the Placebo Controlled (PC) Treatment Period [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -7), Month 12 ]

    The analysis of brain atrophy as defined by the percentage change in normalized brain volume from baseline to Month 12 was based on the outcome of a contrast (GA 40 mg TIW vs. placebo) derived from a baseline-adjusted ANCOVA. In addition to the treatment group, the model included the following covariates: - SIENAX normalized brain volume at baseline. - The number of enhancing lesions on T1-weighted images at baseline. - country or geographical region.

    Sienax estimates total brain tissue volume, from a single image, normalised for skull size.


  4. The Number of New/Enlarging T2 Lesions at Months 6, 12 and 36 Estimated by Negative Binomial Regression [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -7), Month 6, Month 12, Month 36 ]
    All data accumulated from screening, the PC Treatment period up to the end of the Open Label (OL) period are combined and referred to as the Long Term Period. T2 lesions are hyperintense brain lesions that show on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and are associated with multiple sclerosis. The number of T2 lesions at Months 6, 12 and 36 that are new or enlarged as compared to the baseline MRI are offered. Adjusted mean is based on negative binomial regression, adjusted for baseline number of T2 lesions and country or geographical region as covariates. An "offset" employing the log of the proportion of the number of the available post-placebo-controlled baseline (PCBL) scans was used to adjust for missing MRI scans.

  5. The Cumulative Number of Gadolinium (Gd)-Enhanced Lesions on T1-Weighted Images At Months 6, 12 and 36 Estimated by Negative Binomial Regression [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -7), Month 6, Month 12, Month 36 ]
    All data accumulated from screening, the PC Treatment period up to the end of the Open Label (OL) period are combined and referred to as the Long Term Period. The cumulative number of gadolinium (Gd)-enhanced lesions on T1-weighted images at Months 6, 12 and 36 as compared to the baseline MRI are offered. Adjusted mean is based on negative binomial regression The model was fit using an autoregressive covariance structure. Covariates used: number of enhancing lesions on T1-weighted images at placebo-controlled baseline and country or geographical region. The cumulative number is derived from all the data points before it. For example, if the participant skipped one time point in between the baseline and 36 months, then it cannot be calculated.

  6. Brain Atrophy As Defined by the Percent of Change in Brain Volume From Baseline to Months 6, 12 and 36 Estimated by a Mixed Model for Repeated Measures [ Time Frame: Baseline (Day -7), Month 6, Month 12, Month 36 ]

    The analysis of brain atrophy as defined by the percentage change in brain volume from baseline to Months 6, 12 and 36 was performed using mixed model for repeated measures (MMRM) with SIENAX normalized brain volume at baseline, number of Gd-enhancing lesions at baseline, and country or geographical region as fixed effects.

    Sienax estimates total brain tissue volume, from a single image, normalised for skull size.


  7. Participants With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs) [ Time Frame: Early Start: Day 1 up to 6.5 years Delayed Start - Placebo: Day 1 up to Month 12 Delayed Start - GA: Month 13 up to 6.5 years ]
    Adverse events (AEs) summarized in this table are those that began or worsened after treatment with study drug (treatment-emergent AEs). An adverse event was defined in the protocol as any untoward medical occurrence that develops or worsens in severity during the conduct of a clinical study and does not necessarily have a causal relationship to the study drug. Severity was rated by the investigator on a scale of mild, moderate and severe, with severe= an AE which prevents normal daily activities. Relation of AE to treatment was determined by the investigator. Serious AEs include death, a life-threatening adverse event, inpatient hospitalization or prolongation of existing hospitalization, persistent or significant disability or incapacity, a congenital anomaly or birth defect, OR an important medical event that jeopardized the patient and required medical intervention to prevent the previously listed serious outcomes.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects must have a confirmed and documented MS diagnosis as defined by the Revised McDonald criteria with a relapsing-remitting disease course.
  2. Subjects must be ambulatory with an EDSS score of 0-5.5 in both screening and baseline visits.
  3. Subjects must be in a relapse-free, stable neurological condition and free of corticosteroid treatment [intravenous (IV), intramuscular (IM) and/or per os (PO)] or ACTH 30 days prior to screening (month -1) and between screening and baseline (month 0) visits.
  4. Subjects must have experienced one of the following:

    At least one documented relapse in the 12 months prior to screening, or At least two documented relapses in the 24 months prior to screening, or One documented relapse between 12 and 24 months prior to screening with at least one documented T1-Gd enhancing lesion in an MRI performed within 12 months prior to screening.

  5. Subjects must be between 18 and 55 years of age, inclusive.
  6. Women of child-bearing potential must practice an acceptable method of birth control.
  7. Subjects must be able to sign and date a written informed consent prior to entering the study.
  8. Subjects must be willing and able to comply with the protocol requirements for the duration of the study

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Subjects with progressive forms of MS.
  2. Use of experimental or investigational drugs, and/or participation in drug clinical studies within the 6 months prior to screening.
  3. Use of immunosuppressive (including Mitoxantrone and Fingolimod) or cytotoxic agents within 6 months prior to the screening visit.
  4. Use of natalizumab (Tysabri®) or any other monoclonal antibodies within 2 years prior to screening.
  5. Use of cladribine within 2 years prior to screening.
  6. Previous treatment with immunomodulators (including IFNβ 1a and 1b, and IV Immunoglobulin (IVIg) within 2 months prior to screening.
  7. Previous use of GA or any other glatiramoid.
  8. Chronic (more than 30 consecutive days) systemic (IV, PO or IM) corticosteroid treatment within 6 months prior to screening visit.
  9. Previous total body irradiation or total lymphoid irradiation.
  10. Previous stem-cell treatment, autologous bone marrow transplantation or allogenic bone marrow transplantation.
  11. Pregnancy or breastfeeding.
  12. Subjects with a clinically significant or unstable medical or surgical condition that would preclude safe and complete study participation, as determined by medical history, physical exams, ECG, abnormal laboratory tests and chest X-ray. Such conditions may include hepatic, renal or metabolic diseases, systemic disease, acute infection, current malignancy or recent history (5 years) of malignancy, major psychiatric disorder, history of drug and/or alcohol abuse and allergies that could be detrimental according to the investigator's judgment.
  13. A known history of sensitivity to Gadolinium.
  14. Inability to successfully undergo MRI scanning.
  15. A known drug hypersensitivity to Mannitol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01067521


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Sponsors and Collaborators
Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd.

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01067521     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MS-GA-301
2009-018084-27 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: February 11, 2010    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: October 9, 2018
Last Update Posted: November 14, 2018
Last Verified: October 2018

Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Drug Product: Yes
Studies a U.S. FDA-regulated Device Product: No

Keywords provided by Teva Pharmaceutical Industries ( Teva Pharmaceutical Industries, Ltd. ):
Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis
Glatiramer Acetate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Glatiramer Acetate
Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis
Multiple Sclerosis, Relapsing-Remitting
Pathologic Processes
Demyelinating Autoimmune Diseases, CNS
Autoimmune Diseases of the Nervous System
Nervous System Diseases
Demyelinating Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Immunosuppressive Agents
Antirheumatic Agents