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The Accuracy of Manual Muscle Testing

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Dr. Anne M. Jensen, Parker Research Institute Identifier:
First received: February 9, 2010
Last updated: November 29, 2014
Last verified: November 2014

Manual Muscle Testing (MMT) practiced by over a million practitioners worldwide. However, it's accuracy under varying levels of blindness has not yet been considered. This study will test this accuracy.

Study Hypothesis: MMT can accurately distinguish congruent from incongruent statements. Also, the accuracy of MMT is positively correlated with practitioner experience.


Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Investigating the Accuracy of Manual Muscle Testing for Distinguishing Congruent From Incongruent Statements Under Varying Levels of Blinding

Further study details as provided by Parker Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Percent correct [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Practitioner Experience [ Time Frame: 1 hour ]

Estimated Enrollment: 160
Study Start Date: March 2010
Study Completion Date: June 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Healthcare practitioners who either use, have used or do not use MMT in practice
Healthy adults with no experience with MMT

  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
  1. Practitioenrs - Healthcare providers - healthy adults
  2. Testees - Healthy adults with no prior experience with MMT

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Practitioners

    • health care provider
    • aged between 18 and 65 years old
    • healthy
    • fluent in English
  2. Testees

    • aged between 18 and 65 years old
    • healthy
    • fluent in English

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Practitioners

    • a current physical disability or injury of either upper extremity
    • Blind, deaf or mute
  2. Testees

    • a current physical disability or injury of either upper extremity
    • Prior experience with MMT
    • Blind, deaf or mute
    • are known to the Practitioner

NOTE: For this study, no compensation is possible.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01066312

United States, Texas
Parker Research Institute
Dallas, Texas, United States, 75229
Sponsors and Collaborators
Parker Research Institute
Principal Investigator: Anne M Jensen, DC, MS, MSc Parker Research Institute
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Dr. Anne M. Jensen, DPhil Candidate, Parker Research Institute Identifier: NCT01066312     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: MMT Study
Study First Received: February 9, 2010
Last Updated: November 29, 2014

Keywords provided by Parker Research Institute:
Muscle testing
Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Practitioner Experience
This study is actually not a randomised controlled trial,
but an assessment of diagnostic test accuracy. We will be
looking at the accuracy of MMT to distinguish congruent from
incongruent statements under varying levels of blinding. processed this record on April 28, 2017