Total Parenteral Nutrition Associated Cholestasis (TPNAC) and Plasma Amino Acid Levels in Neonates (TPNAC)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Effect of Two Amino Acid Solutions on Blood Amino Acid Levels and Frequency of Cholestasis in Neonates|
- Blood Amino Acid levels and Frequency of Cholestasis in Neonates [ Time Frame: At baseline, day 7, 14, 21 and 28 of the administration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN ]
|Study Start Date:||February 2011|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||January 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
No Intervention: Trophamine
This group of neonates will be receive the Trophamine amino acids solution from Pisa laboratories as an active comparator with Primene. The infants in this group will receive, daily intakes (g/kg/d) of parenteral protein, carbohydrate and fat or daily enteral intake (ml/kg/d). Besides, the intake of breast milk or formula will be record, during the first 28 days of total parenteral nutrition.
Experimental: Primene 10% from Baxter
This group of neonates will be receive the Primene amino acids solution (10 %) from Baxter laboratories as other active comparator with Trophamine. The infants in this group will receive, daily intakes (g/kg/d) of parenteral protein, carbohydrate and fat or daily enteral intake (ml/kg/d). Besides, the intake of breast milk or formula will be record, during the first 28 days of total parenteral nutrition.
Other: Primene 10 % from Baxter
Primene solution will be calculated in g/kg/day and administered in ml/day Active Comparator: Trophamine This group of neonates will be receive the Trophamine amino acid solution from Pisa laboratories and the other arm will be receive a Primene amino acid solution (10 %) from Baxter laboratories. For infants identified, daily intakes (g/kg/d) of parenteral protein, carbohydrate and fat and daily enteral intake (ml/kg/d) of breast milk or formula will be record.
Other Name: PRIMENE 10%, code IMSS 2512 01 01
Total parenteral nutrition is an essential component of the care of premature and ill infants. Prolonged parenteral nutrition is associated with complications affecting the hepatobiliary system, such as cholelithiasis, cholestasis, and steatosis. The most common of these is total parenteral nutrition-associated cholestasis (TPNAC), that occurs because of reduced bile flow from the liver into the duodenum. Cholestasis causes liver damage and in some cases, death. Infant and neonate are at particular risk for this complication. The incidence of TPNAC ranges from 7.4 to 84%.
Animal studies have implicated amino acids in the production of cholestasis; whereas studies in human neonates suggest a direct effect of amino acid infusions on the hepatocyte canalicular membrane. An appropriate amino acid solution might compensate for the metabolic immaturity of infants and perhaps reduce total parenteral nutrition associated complications such as cholestasis. Therefore, is important to compare the frequency of cholestasis and blood amino acid concentration during Primene and Trophamine use.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01062724
|Intensive Care Unit and Nutrition Parenteral Department, Pediatric Hospital , Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social|
|Mexico, Distrito Federal, Mexico, 06720|
|Principal Investigator:||Maria de Lourdes Barbosa-Cortés, MSc||Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social|