Safety and Efficacy Study of a Vaccine Against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC) to Prevent Moderate to Severe Diarrhea

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01060748
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : February 2, 2010
Last Update Posted : March 7, 2011
Pierrel Research USA, Inc.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Information provided by:
TD Vaccines A/S

Brief Summary:
This is a research study about an experimental (investigational) vaccine called ACE527. ACE527 is a vaccine that is being made to prevent disease from a germ called enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC). This germ causes diarrhea, largely in children living in developing countries and in travelers to those countries. One purpose of this study is to see if the vaccine is safe and develops an immune response. Another purpose is to see if it prevents people from getting sick when exposed to the ETEC germ. This ETEC germ is also experimental (investigational).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Diarrhea Biological: ACE527 Biological: Placebo Phase 2

Detailed Description:
This is a single-center, double-blind, placebo-controlled, Phase II vaccination and challenge study designed to assess the protective efficacy of the ACE 527 vaccine, as well as collect expanded safety and immunogenicity data. The study will be carried out in two phases. In the initial vaccination phase, up to 72 subjects will be randomized 1:1 to receive either ACE527 or placebo on an outpatient basis. Vaccine and placebo preparations will be given orally. Following vaccination, subjects will be followed as out-patients for safety using diary card surveillance, for vaccine shedding by qualitative stool culture (i.e. presence or absence) and for the development of local and systemic antibody responses to the ACE527 vaccine strains. In the subsequent inpatient challenge phase, up to 56 vaccinated subjects will be admitted as inpatients and challenged with the ETEC strain, H10407. The challenge dose will be administered orally.After challenge, subjects will be monitored for diarrhea and other signs/symptoms of enteric illness by daily medical checks, vital sign determinations, grading and weighing of all stools. Monitoring for fecal shedding of the challenge ETEC strain H10407 will occur daily, after challenge, while in-patient. Local and systemic antibody responses to the challenge ETEC strain H10407 will also be assessed. All subjects will be treated with Abx.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Development of a Polyvalent Vaccine Against Enterotoxigenic Escherichia Coli (ETEC)Protective Efficacy of the Deletion-Attenuated, Multi-valent ACE527 Against Challenge With a Prototype Strain of Enterotoxigenic E.Coli Expressing LT and ST Enterotoxins and CFA/I (Strain H10407) in Human Challenge Model.
Study Start Date : March 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Diarrhea
U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: ACE527

First cohort: ACE527 vaccine doses of 9 x 10E10 cfu on study day 0 and 21 on an outpatient basis.

Second cohort: ACE527 vaccine dose of 9 x 10E10 cfu on study day 0 and 21 on an outpatient basis.

Biological: ACE527
ACE527 comprises a mixture of three live, attenuated ETEC strains; ACAM2025 (CFA/I+ and LTB+), ACAM2022 (CS5+, CS6+ and LTB+), and ACAM2027 (CS1+, CS2+, CS3+ and LTB+). The vaccine is administered orally as a two-dose regimen, at 9x1010 cfu, on Days 0 and 21, in 200 ml CeraVacx buffer. The required volume of each vaccine strain, supplied as a frozen suspension, is mixed into the buffer solution prior to dosing.
Placebo Comparator: Placebo vaccine

First cohort: Placebo vaccine on study day 0 and 21 on an outpatient basis.

Second cohort: Placebo vaccine on study day 0 and 21 on an outpatient basis.

Biological: Placebo

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Severe diarrhea: ≥6 grade 3-5 stools in 24 hrs, or >800g of grade 3-5 stools in 24 hrs and moderate diarrhea: 4-5 grade 3-5 stools in 24 hrs or 401-800g of grade 3-5 stools in 24 hrs [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Number of subjects with severe diarrhea (if any) [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  2. Number of subjects with diarrhea of any severity [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  3. Mean total weight of grade 3-5 stools passed per subject [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  4. Mean number of grade 3-5 stools per subject [ Time Frame: Study day 49 to 57 ]
  5. Number of subjects with nausea, vomiting, anorexia, or abdominal pain/cramps rated as moderate to severe. [ Time Frame: Study Day 0 to 77 ]
  6. Number of subjects who indicate they would have reduced their daily activity if they had been vacationing or traveling for business because of their ETEC illness. [ Time Frame: Last visit ]
  7. Mean time to onset of diarrhea. [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  8. Number of subjects with moderate to severe ETEC illness [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  9. Number of colony forming unite (cfu) of the challenge strain per gram of stool [ Time Frame: Study day 49 to 57 ]
  10. Number of subjects requiring early antibiotic treatment [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  11. Number of subjects requiring IV fluids [ Time Frame: Study Day 49 to 57 ]
  12. Systemic immune responses to the constituent strains of the vaccine [ Time Frame: Selected Time Points ]
  13. Mucosal immune responses to the constituent strains of the vaccine [ Time Frame: Selected Time Points ]
  14. The intestinal colonization by the three individual vaccine strains and challenge strain post-vaccination [ Time Frame: Selected Time Points ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion criteria:

  • Male or female age ≥18 and ≤ 50 years.
  • General good health, without clinically significant medical history, physical examination findings or clinical laboratory abnormalities per clinical judgment of PI.
  • Negative serum pregnancy test before first (visit V0) and before challenge (visit C0) for female subjects of childbearing potential. Females of childbearing potential must agree to use an efficacious hormonal or barrier method of birth control during the study. Abstinence is acceptable. Female subjects unable to bear children must have this documented (e.g. tubal ligation or hysterectomy) or must have negative pregnancy tests.
  • Willingness to participate in the study after all aspects of the protocol have been explained and written informed consent obtained.
  • Completion of a training session and demonstrated comprehension of the protocol procedures, knowledge of ETEC-associated illness, and by passing a written examination.
  • Availability for the study duration, including all planned follow-up visits.

Exclusion criteria:

  • Presence of a significant medical or psychiatric condition which in the opinion of the investigator precludes participation in the study. Some medical conditions which are adequately treated and stable would not preclude entry into the study. These conditions might include stable asthma controlled with inhalers or mild hypertension stably controlled with a single agent.
  • Significant abnormalities in screening hematology, serum chemistry or urinalysis as determined by PI or PI in consultation with the MM and sponsor.
  • Presence in the serum of HIV antibody, HBsAg, or HCV antibody.
  • Evidence of IgA deficiency (serum IgA < 7 mg/dl or limit of detection of assay).
  • Evidence of current excessive alcohol consumption or drug dependence.
  • Evidence of impaired immune function.
  • BMI <19, >34
  • Recent vaccination or receipt of an investigational product (within 30 days before vaccination).
  • Intention to donate blood or blood products for one month following the completion of study participation (note: The Red Cross will not allow blood donations for 1 year following participation in an investigational research study).
  • Any other criteria which, in the investigator's opinion, would compromise the ability of the subject to participate in the study, the safety of the study, or the results of the study
  • Working as a food handler, in child-care or as a healthcare worker with direct patient contact.
  • Have household contacts who are <2 years old or >80 years old or infirm or immunocompromised (for reasons including corticosteroid therapy, HIV infection, cancer chemotherapy, or other chronic debilitating disease).
  • Abnormal stool pattern (fewer than 3 per week or more than 3 per day).
  • Regular use of laxatives, antacids, or other agents to lower stomach acidity.
  • Use of any medication known to affect the immune function (e.g., corticosteroids and others) within 30 days preceding the first vaccination or planned use during the active study period.
  • Known allergy to two of the following antibiotics: quinolones, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, and penicillin.
  • Symptoms consistent with Traveler's Diarrhea concurrent with travel to countries where ETEC infection is endemic (most of the developing world) within two years prior to dosing, OR planned travel to endemic countries during the length of the study.
  • Vaccination for or ingestion of ETEC, cholera, or LT toxin within 3 years prior to dosing.
  • Use of antibiotics during the 7 days before dosing or proton pump inhibitors, H2 blockers or antacids within 48 hours prior to dosing.
  • History of diarrhea in the 7 days prior to vaccination (outpatient diarrhea is defined as ≥ 3 unformed loose stools in 24 hours).

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01060748

United States, Maryland
Center for Immunization Research (CIR)
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
Sponsors and Collaborators
TD Vaccines A/S
Pierrel Research USA, Inc.
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health
Principal Investigator: Clayton Harro, MD CIR, Johns Hopkins School of Public Health

Responsible Party: Ingelise Saunders/CEO, TD Vaccines A/S Identifier: NCT01060748     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACE527-102
First Posted: February 2, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: March 7, 2011
Last Verified: March 2011

Keywords provided by TD Vaccines A/S:
ETEC illness
Travelers diarrhea
Enterotoxigenic E.coli

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Signs and Symptoms, Digestive
Signs and Symptoms
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs