Development and Validation of a Tool to Measure Hand-off Quality
The aim of this project is to develop and validate a simple, flexible, reliable, real-time observation tool to evaluate hand-off practices. The Hand-off CEX is a paper-based instrument that can be used to evaluate either the sender or the receiver of hand-off communication. This tool is based on a previously-validated, widely-used, real-time educational evaluation tool (the Mini-CEX); published expert opinion; and our prior research . The investigators' tool incorporates unique role-based anchors for both senders and receivers that refer to verbal communication, professionalism and environment, hand-off domains informed by preliminary work and expert opinion. The Hand-off CEX(Clinical Evaluation Exercise) will be used by academic hospitalists and house-staff physicians to assess feasibility. We, the investigators, will also assess the construct validity and inter-rater reliability of the tool through the use of standardized, videotaped hand-off scenarios depicting various levels of performance of a hand-off scenario.
We hypothesize that the Hand-off CEX will arm educators with an innovative, necessary, valid and feasible method for training health professionals to conduct safe and effective hand-offs. Finally, the Hand-off CEX will be a useful tool to assist hospitals in improving patient safety.
Quality of Health Care
Other: mock handoff exposure
Other: Introduction of CEX tool in Actual Hand-offs
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
|Official Title:||Development and Validation of a Tool to Evaluate Hand-off Quality|
- Residents and Hospitalists will use the Hand-off CEX to conduct evaluations of their sign-out process. In addition, each hand-off will be evaluated simultaneously by a trained observer. [ Time Frame: January 2010-January 2015 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Upon completion of the Hand-Off evaluation, participants and observers will be asked about their overall satisfaction with the evaluation. This will be a marker of the feasibility of the Hand-Off CEX. [ Time Frame: January 2010-January 2015 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- For the validity part of the study, attending and house-staff physicians will analyze six video scenarios using the Hand-off CEX, rating each of the dimensions of hand-off competence for both the senders and receivers of the handoff. [ Time Frame: January 2010-January 2015 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||December 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||August 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Consented Academic Hospitalist and Internal Medicine Residency staff
Other: mock handoff exposure
Attending and house-staff physicians will analyze six video scenarios using the Hand-off CEX, rating each of the dimensions of hand-off competence for both the senders and receivers of the mock hand-off.Other: Introduction of CEX tool in Actual Hand-offs
We will teach hospitalist physicians and house-staff how to utilize the Hand-off CEX in conducting their own hand-offs.
Transitions of patient care among inpatient providers occur frequently and require providers to transmit critical clinical information. If information is omitted or misunderstood during a hand-off, serious clinical consequences may result for patient care. In fact, studies have shown that hand-offs are often variable and represent a major gap in safe patient care. For patients cared for by resident physicians, dangers posed by poor communication may be amplified since the implementation of resident duty hour restrictions in July 2003 has increased transfer frequency.In addition, few trainees receive formal training on hand-offs. The Joint Commission currently requires hospitals to implement a standardized, interactive approach to hand-off communications. Unfortunately, due to a lack of valid, standardized tools to evaluate hand-off quality, hospitals and educators cannot assess whether their hand-offs meet these criteria. More recently, the Institute of Medicine has recommended that all residents receive formal education on hand-off strategies.
Education about best practices during hand-offs and assessment of hand-off quality is needed for several reasons: to improve clinical practice through evaluation and feedback, to illuminate areas of deficiency in current practices and to maximize patient safety in this era of duty hour restrictions. At the University of Chicago and Yale, investigators have extensive experience in describing hand-off quality, designing and implementing novel curricula to improve hand-off education amongst varying levels of trainees and have elucidated the relationship between patient care outcomes and poor hand-off quality. Therefore, drawing from our preliminary work in this area, and relevant practices in other industries, we aim to develop and test a generalizable tool to evaluate hand-offs in clinical settings.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01059942
|United States, Illinois|
|The University of Chicago Medical Center|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60637|
|Principal Investigator:||Vineet M Arora, MD, MA||University of Chicago|