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A Study Comparing the Mechanisms of Action of Lifibrol and Pravastatin

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
University Hospital, Bonn Identifier:
First received: January 26, 2010
Last updated: NA
Last verified: January 2010
History: No changes posted
Lifibrol is a new lipid-lowering drug which lowers cholesterol to an extent in the order of magnitude of the statins. The mechanism of action of this compound is different from the one of statins but remains unknown. The current study will investigate the mechanism of action using stable-isotope turnover methods. The study will be done in healthy male volunteers.

Condition Intervention Phase
Hypercholesterolemia Hyperlipoproteinemia Drug: Pravastatin Drug: Lifibrol Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
Official Title: A Stable-isotope Study in Healthy Normolipidemic Volunteers Comparing the Mechanisms of Action of Lifibrol and Pravastatin

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Hospital, Bonn:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • LDL cholesterol lowering [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Changes in other lipoprotein concentrations [ Time Frame: 4 weeks ]

Enrollment: 18
Study Start Date: January 1996
Study Completion Date: June 1998
Primary Completion Date: April 1996 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Lifibrol
Lifibrol (K12.148; 4-(4'-tert. butylphenyl)-1-(4'-carboxyphenoxy)-2-butanol) given as a 600 mg film-coated tablet
Drug: Lifibrol
Lifibrol (K12.148; 4-(4'-tert. butylphenyl)-1-(4'-carboxyphenoxy)-2-butanol) given as a 600 mg film-coated tablet
Active Comparator: Pravastatin
Pravastatin 40 mg per day
Drug: Pravastatin
Pravastatin 40 mg

Detailed Description:

Elevated lipoprotein concentrations are a major risk factor for the development of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. Effective reduction of low density lipoprotein (LDL)-cholesterol concentrations has been shown to greatly reduce this risk. The most widely used lipid-lowering agents are the 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl coenzyme A (HMG-CoA) reductase inhibitors (statins), which have been shown to reduce morbidity and mortality from coronary heart disease (CHD) in large prospective clinical trials. However, despite significant LDL-C reduction approximately 70% of the events are still not avoided and the search for improved or alternative lipid-modifying drug therapies continuous. HDL-C has been addressed as a potential modifiable target for decreasing this residual risk, since a low HDL-C concentration is an acknowledged independent risk factor for CHD. However, recent studies showed that an increase in HDL-C concentrations was surprisingly not associated with a decrease in atherosclerosis, but with a possible increase. Therefore it seems that not the concentrations of HDL-C should be targeted but HDL function in reverse cholesterol transport.

Lifibrol is a lipid-modifying drug which has been shown to improve HDL particle flux via increased apoA-I production, while not having HDL-raising properties. Furthermore, it decreases dose-dependently LDL-C by up to 40%. It is of major interest to clarify the, apparently unique, mechanisms of action of a compound, whose LDL-lowering effects are comparable in magnitude to the ones of statins.

The mechanisms of lifibrol's LDL-lowering effects are not completely clarified. There is evidence suggesting that it increases hepatic LDL receptor expression by a sterol-independent mechanism, i.e. not through a reduction in cholesterol synthesis, the mechanism of action of statins. ApoB turnover studies have indicated that increased catabolism of LDL rather than a decrease in hepatic apoB production may be responsible for its cholesterol-lowering effects. Since apoB metabolism and cholesterol synthesis are closely related, we designed a study to investigate the effects of lifibrol on the metabolism of apoB-100-containing lipoproteins and on endogenous sterol synthesis in parallel, using stable isotope methods. In addition, since lifibrol may inhibit cholesterol synthesis at steps earlier than HMG-CoA reductase, we investigated [13C]acetate catabolism analyzing 13CO2 appearance in breath. The HMG-CoA-reductase inhibitor pravastatin was used as comparator, since its mode of action is well characterized. The principle questions addressed were (i) whether lifibrol exerts its cholesterol-lowering effects through decreased synthesis/enhanced catabolism of apoB-100-containing lipoproteins or through inhibition of sterol de novo synthesis and (ii) whether these effects are interrelated.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 35 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • male volunteers
  • 18 to 35 years old
  • good clinical condition
  • normal eating habits
  • mental abilities to be able to understand the study procedures
  • written informed consent

Exclusion Criteria:

  • relevant pathological findings in the baseline examination
  • known allergic predisposition
  • concomitant drugs
  • alcohol or nicotine abuse
  • participation in other clinical trials in the last 30 days
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01057654

Dept. of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Bonn
Bonn, Germany, 53105
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Hospital, Bonn
Principal Investigator: Heiner K. Berthold, Professor University of Bonn
  More Information

Responsible Party: Heiner K. Berthold, MD, PhD, Dept. of Clinical Pharmacology, University of Bonn, Germany Identifier: NCT01057654     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LIF293/95apoB
Study First Received: January 26, 2010
Last Updated: January 26, 2010

Keywords provided by University Hospital, Bonn:

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors processed this record on September 21, 2017