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An Alternative to A Fixed Schedule In Management Of Prostate Cancer (TADS)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University Health Network, Toronto Identifier:
First received: January 22, 2010
Last updated: April 24, 2015
Last verified: April 2015

The male sex-hormone called testosterone is known to play a key role in the growth of prostate cancer. The usual treatment for the disease involves suppression of hormones (testosterone) by anti-hormonal treatment for an unknown period of time until the cancer progresses. This anti-hormonal treatment usually consists of injections every three months with an LHRH(Leutinizing Hormone-Releasing Hormone) agonist and a short course of anti-androgen pills, which together help to lower the production of testosterone. Long-term hormonal treatment has potentially serious side effects and is expensive.

In this study, hormonal treatments will be with held from those patients eligible and willing to participate. The aim of this study is to see if we can decrease the amount of hormone injections that patients require. This might lead to a decreased side effects(such as decrease in bone health, cardiovascular problems and metabolic syndrome which occurs when several health conditions happen at the same time and can lead to an increased risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes) as well as to decrease the cost of hormonal therapy to treat prostate cancer.

Condition Phase
Prostate Cancer
Phase 4

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Case-Only
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Testosterone-Guided Schedule of Androgen Deprivation Therapy (ADT) as an Alternative to A Fixed Schedule In Management Of Prostate Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University Health Network, Toronto:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • We will monitor serum testosterone initially q 6 weeks increasing to every three months and delay initiating the next dose of ADT until serum testosterone level rises above 1.5nMol/l. [ Time Frame: Baseline, Q6wks x 24 wks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Jamar Dynamometer [ Time Frame: Baseline and 18 weeks ]
  • EPIC Quality of Life Questionnaire [ Time Frame: Baseline and 18 weeks ]
  • Six Minute Walk Test [ Time Frame: Baseline and 18 weeks ]

Enrollment: 82
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: June 2014
Primary Completion Date: June 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

Most men respond to initial ADT with a fall in serum PSA and improvement in symptoms, if present initially; the median duration of response is about 1.5 - 2 years, but is highly variable. Increase in serum PSA despite a castrate testosterone level signifies that the disease has become castration resistant. Some patients may have short periods of response to other hormonal manipulations such as adding a peripheral antiandrogen such as bicalutamide, and later withdrawing it. Other hormonal manipulations may be tried sequentially before or after chemotherapy with varying success: this tertiary hormonal manipulation may include glucocorticoids such as prednisone or dexamethasone, ketoconazole and hydrocortisione, estrogens such as DES, and alternative anti-androgens such as flutamide and nilutamide. In most institutions, the policy is to continue the LHRH agonist indefinitely. Despite its proven role in prostate cancer treatment, ADT has multiple toxicities which include osteopenia/osteoporosis, a potentially lethal metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular complications. Also, continuous long term LHRH injections are very expensive.

In this study, we propose a prospective cohort study at Princess Margaret Hospital to answer the following important questions regarding tertiary hormonal manipulations:

  1. What is the relationship between serum testosterone and time after stopping an LHRH agonist in men who have received chronic LHRH therapy for ≥ 1 year?
  2. What clinical factors influence recovery of testosterone?
  3. What is the saving of cost achieved by dosing the LHRH agonist on the basis of measurement of testosterone as compared to routine 3-monthly injection?

Ages Eligible for Study:   Child, Adult, Senior
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Men with prostate cancer attending ambulatory clinics at Princess Margaret Hospital

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Pathological evidence of adenocarcinoma of the prostate
  • Have been Receiving an LHRH agonist (in the form of a 3-monthly depot) for at least 12 months
  • Serum testosterone level below 1.5 nMol/L (≈43 mg/dl)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients on other clinical trials needing continuous androgen deprivation
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01056562

Canada, Ontario
Princess Margaret Hospital
Toronto, Ontario, Canada, M5G2M9
Sponsors and Collaborators
University Health Network, Toronto
Principal Investigator: Ian F Tannock, MD, PhD University Health Network, Toronto
  More Information

Responsible Party: University Health Network, Toronto Identifier: NCT01056562     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT01007825
Other Study ID Numbers: REB # 09-0526-C
Study First Received: January 22, 2010
Last Updated: April 24, 2015

Keywords provided by University Health Network, Toronto:
Urological Oncology

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Prostatic Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases processed this record on April 24, 2017