A First-Time-in-Human Study to Assess the Safety and Tolerability of PP 1420 in Healthy Subjects

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01052493
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : January 20, 2010
Last Update Posted : February 1, 2011
Wellcome Trust
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
Information provided by:
Imperial College London

Brief Summary:
When humans eat, the bowels naturally secrete chemicals into the bloodstream which make people feel full and which stop eating. One of these chemicals is known as "Pancreatic Polypeptide" (PP). We have previously shown that injections of human PP reduces appetite and food intake. We have now developed a very similar chemical, PP 1420, as a treatment for obesity. PP 1420 has been tested in animals and has been shown to be safe, and to reduce their appetite. This study will test PP 1420 for its safety and tolerability in humans.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Obesity Drug: PP 1420 Drug: Placebo Phase 1

Detailed Description:

More than 20 percent of people in the UK are obese. People with obesity have a shorter life expectancy, and have a higher risk of having heart attacks, strokes, high blood pressure, diabetes, and certain cancers.

At the moment, there is no treatment for obesity that is both effective and safe. Advising people to change their diet and to exercise more is frequently ineffective, and any loss in weight seen is usually temporary. There are a couple of licensed medications for the purpose of losing weight, but they are limited by side effects. Finally, gastric bypass and similar surgeries are effective at reducing weight permanently, but it can be risky and is restricted only to very motivated people.

"Gut hormones" are natural chemicals made by the bowels when you eat. They work to reduce appetite and hunger when you eat, so that you will eat enough for your needs. We think that one of the reasons why gastric bypass surgery is so effective is because the surgery causes an increase in gut hormone secretion into the bloodstream, which suppresses appetite. One of these hormones is pancreatic polypeptide (PP), which is released into the bloodstream by cells in the pancreas after eating. When human PP is given to healthy volunteers as an injection, we see that they have a reduced appetite and food intake with no side effects such as feeling sick or vomiting.

Human PP does not last long in the blood stream. In order to make it into a new, safe and effective drug for obesity, we have developed a new form of PP, which is very similar but not identical to human PP, that we expect will last longer in the blood. We call this PP 1420.

In testing, PP 1420 reduced food intake in animals, and was safe in them at much higher doses than those we plan to give in the current study. This study will assess the safety and tolerability of PP 1420 in humans, and is the first time humans have been given this medication.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 12 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A First Time in Human, Double Blind, Randomised, Placebo Controlled Dose Escalation Study to Assess the Safety and Tolerability of PP 1420 in Healthy Subjects.
Study Start Date : April 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2010

Intervention Details:
  • Drug: PP 1420
    Single dose of PP 1420, administered subcutaneously. Dose levels: 2, 4, 8 mg.
  • Drug: Placebo
    0.9% (w/v) saline single-dose, administered subcutaneously

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Safety and tolerability: adverse events (AEs); change from baseline in clinical chemistry, haematology and urine parameters; change from baseline outside the normal range for BP, heart rate, 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) parameters as specified below. [ Time Frame: Within 7-10 days ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Pharmacokinetic parameters: AUC0-∞, AUC0-t, maximum observed plasma drug concentration (Cmax), time of maximum observed concentration (tmax), terminal elimination half-life (t½) and clearance. [ Time Frame: Within 7-10 days ]
  2. Relationship of drug exposure to safety/tolerability parameters: pharmacokinetics parameters and safety tolerability parameters including ECG (in particular QTc). [ Time Frame: Within 7-10 days ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Healthy male as determined by a responsible physician, based on a medical evaluation including history, physical examination, vital signs, laboratory tests and 12-lead ECG.
  • Between 18 and 50 years of age, inclusive, at the time of signing and dating the informed consent form.
  • Body weight ≥70 kg and body mass index (BMI) within the range 18 - 35 kg/m2 (inclusive).
  • Capable of giving written informed consent, which includes compliance with the requirements and restrictions listed in the consent form.
  • Willing and able to comply with the protocol for the duration of the study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • As a result of the medical interview, physical examination, or screening investigations, the Investigator considers the subject unsuitable for the study.
  • The subject has a positive pre-study drug/alcohol screen. A minimum list of drugs that will be screened for include amphetamines, barbiturates, cocaine, opiates, cannabinoids and benzodiazepines.
  • A positive pre-study Hepatitis B surface antigen or positive Hepatitis C antibody result within 3 months of screening.
  • A positive test for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody.
  • History of migraine.
  • History or evidence of abnormal eating behaviour, as observed through the Dutch Eating Behaviour (DEBQ) and SCOFF questionnaires.
  • History of excessive alcohol consumption within 6 months of the study defined as an average weekly intake of greater than 21 units or an average daily intake of greater than 3 units. One unit is equivalent to 8 g of alcohol, a half-pint (approximately 240 mL) of beer or 1 measure (25 mL) of spirits or 1 glass (125 mL) of wine.
  • Urinary cotinine levels indicative of smoking or history or regular use of tobacco- or nicotine-containing products within 6 months prior to screening.
  • Has QTc at screening >450 msec.
  • Systolic blood pressure outside the range 85 - 160 mmHg, diastolic blood pressure outside the range 45 - 100 mmHg, and/or heart rate outside the range 40 - 110 bpm.
  • The subject has participated in a clinical trial and has received an investigational product within the following time period prior to the dosing day in the current study: 90 days, five half-lives or twice the duration of the biological effect of the investigational product (whichever is longer).
  • Exposure to more than four new chemical entities within 12 months prior to the first dosing day.
  • Use of prescription or non-prescription drugs, including vitamins, herbal and dietary supplements within 14 days or five half-lives (whichever is longer) prior to the dose of study medication, which, in the opinion of the Investigator, may interfere with the study procedures or compromise subject safety.
  • History of sensitivity to any of the study medications, or components thereof or a history of drug or other allergy that, in the opinion of the Investigator, contraindicates their participation.
  • Where participation in the study would result in donation of blood in excess of 500 mL within 3 months before or after the study.
  • Unwilling to abstain from consumption of caffeine- or xanthine- containing products for 24 hours prior to dosing until the post-dose assessment at each treatment level.
  • Unwilling to abstain from use of illicit drugs.
  • Unwilling to abstain from alcohol for 48 hours prior to dosing until final post-dose assessment at each treatment level.
  • Unwilling to abstain from smoking or otherwise consuming tobacco for 24 hours prior to dosing until the post-dose assessment at each treatment level.
  • Unwilling to use a condom during sexual activity from first dose until the end of the study.
  • Vegans and subjects with milk or wheat intolerance or allergy as reported by the subject.
  • Unwillingness or inability to follow the procedures outlined in the protocol.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01052493

United Kingdom
Sir John McMichael Centre for Clinical Studies, Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
London, United Kingdom, W12 0NN
Sponsors and Collaborators
Imperial College London
Wellcome Trust
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
Principal Investigator: Stephen Bloom, M.B. B.Chir. F.R.C.P. D.Sc. Imperial College London

Responsible Party: Professor Stephen Bloom, Imperial College London Identifier: NCT01052493     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ICIM1420/09/01
2009-017522-39 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: January 20, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: February 1, 2011
Last Verified: January 2011

Keywords provided by Imperial College London:
pancreatic polypeptide
gut hormones

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pancreatic Polypeptide
Gastrointestinal Agents
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs