Pilot Study Assessing Oxidative Stress in Children (OxStress)
Role fo oxidative stress in adrenal insufficiency has not been studied. The degree of oxidative stress and it's role in pediatric critical illness is unknown. Potential for significant alterations to many of thew body's regulatory pathways may result from severe oxidative stress. Further is needed to delineate what if any role oxidative stress may play
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||Prevalence of Oxidative Stress in Critically Ill Children and Its Relationship to Adrenal Insufficiency; a Pilot Study|
- Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction Score in Critically Ill Children [ Time Frame: 1 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Pediatric Logistic Organ Dysfunction also known as the PELOD Score is a marker of severity of illness for Critically ill children. The PELOD includes six organ dysfunctions and 12 variables.
To calculate the PELOD score, each organ dysfunction received points for the single variable associated with the most points. The minimum number that can be assigned to an organ is 0 and the maximum number of points for an organ is 20, and the maximum possible PELOD score is 71. Organ dysfunction is identified if the score for any organ system was more than 0.
- Establish the OS Profile of Healthy Children to Act as Controls and Help Establish the Normal Pediatric Baseline. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- Analysis of Clinical Data to Determine Correlation of OS With AI and Evaluation of OS as a Potential Biomarker. [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
Biospecimen Retention: Samples Without DNA
Serum from critically ill patients
|Study Start Date:||February 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2011|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2011 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Critically Ill Patients
Evaluation of Oxidative Stress, Glucocorticoid Receptor function, and Adrenal Insufficiency amongst critically ill pediatric patients. Serum, and when available endotracheal samples, will be obtained within 24 hours of admission and at 5 days provided patients are 1) still in the PICU and 2) blood draws and endotracheal aspirates are part of their standard of care. Endotracheal aspirates will be sent on day 14, 21, and 28 provided patients are intubated and require suctioning as part of their standard of care.
Healthy controls will be evaluated and defined as those who do not have any chronic medical condition, are not on steroids (inhaled or oral), and have not received steroids or etomidate in the last month. Given the time and need for multiple lab draws low dose adrenocorticotropin (ACTH) testing will not be done in healthy patients, nor will tracheal aspirate samples be obtained.
Adrenal insufficiency (AI) is common in critically ill children and adults. AI is a condition in which the adrenal glands, located above the kidneys, do not make enough hormones or our body is unable to use the hormones made. A hormone is a chemical that helps control different kinds of body functions. The hormones being studied can influence blood pressure and how fast the heart beats. Doctors want to know why children need extra hormones when they are critically ill. In our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) we treat AI with a set of standard orders. By doing this, we have shown that AI is common in many types of sickness and that blood pressure improves when extra hormones are given. We also found that people's heart and blood pressure did not always match the level of a certain hormone, called cortisol, in their blood.
Since cortisol levels alone don't always show AI, and children with normal hormone levels still benefit from steroids, doctors are looking for a better understanding of AI. Finding reasons that children develop AI may help doctors find other ways to improve AI.
One promising focus of AI is the role of oxidative stress (OS). OS is a term used to describe a group of chemical reactions that involve oxygen. Emory's adult intensive care units have shown a significant increase in OS in critically ill patients. Normally our body's cortisol acts by binding to glucocorticoid (a class of hormone) receptors (GR) within cells. Many studies have shown that OS increases steroid resistance by changing the GR structure and function. Studies involving OS and GR problems have not been done with children.
We aim to:
- Find out how many sick children have OS in the PICU.
- Find out the normal OS level of healthy children.
- Decide if OS causes adrenal insufficiency.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01052207
|United States, Georgia|
|Children's Healthcare of Atlanta at Egleston|
|Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30322|
|Principal Investigator:||Kiran Hebbar, MD, FCCM||Emory University & Children's Healthcare of Atlanta|