Pilot Study of Lovaza (Omega 3 Fatty Acids) to Improve Cardiac Antioxidant/Anti-inflammatory Profile Before Cardiac Surgery

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01046604
Recruitment Status : Unknown
Verified August 2013 by Ethan J. Anderson, East Carolina University.
Recruitment status was:  Active, not recruiting
First Posted : January 12, 2010
Last Update Posted : September 10, 2013
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Ethan J. Anderson, East Carolina University

Brief Summary:
In the absence of treatment, severe mitral valve regurgitation (MR) results in left atrium (LA) dilatation and hypertrophy, followed ultimately by left ventricular dysfunction and heart failure. One promising intervention for the prevention of the deleterious effects of pressure overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure is dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). However, the molecular targets and mechanisms by which n-3 PUFAs exert their effects are not completely defined. A possible target of n-3 PUFAs is the mitochondrial membrane which has broad implications given that mitochondrial dysfunction and altered metabolism have been associated with cardiac hypertrophy and heart failure. The investigators have recently identified significant mitochondrial dysfunction in the LA of patients with severe MR, as compared to their non-hypertrophied right atrium (RA). However, the investigators have not addressed the possibility that intervention with purified n-3 PUFAs (Lovaza) could improve mitochondrial function. From a mechanistic perspective, the investigators have observed in vitro that n-3 PUFAs accumulate predominately into the mitochondrial membrane of cardiomyocytes where the investigators believe they exert their effects on the biophysical organization of the membrane. Therefore, the CENTRAL HYPOTHESIS is that administering Lovaza to patients with severe MR will reduce apoptosis and improve mitochondrial function in LA (Aim 1). This change in mitochondrial function will be driven by significant biochemical and biophysical remodeling of the mitochondrial membrane (Aim 2).

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Mitral Valve Regurgitation Left Atrium Dilatation and Hypertrophy Mitochondrial Dysfunction in the Heart Cardiomyocyte Apoptosis Cardiac Inflammation Drug: Lovaza group Phase 4

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Estimated Enrollment : 24 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Mitigating Cardiac Inflammation and Oxidative Stress in Atrial Myocardium Via Short-term Lovaza Treatment Prior to Surgery
Study Start Date : January 2010
Estimated Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Estimated Study Completion Date : December 2013

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

U.S. FDA Resources

Arm Intervention/treatment
No Intervention: No treatment
This is the group of patients that will not undergo any treatment with Lovaza prior to mitral valve repair surgery. This is the 'control' group.
Active Comparator: Lovaza treated
This arm will be the group of patients that will be treated with Lovaza prior to undergoing mitral valve repair surgery.
Drug: Lovaza group
Patients who are scheduled for mitral valve repair surgery at least 3 weeks removed from the initial consult will be recruited to take 4 capsules of Lovaza (omega 3 fatty acids) daily, for 3 weeks prior to their surgery.
Other Name: omega 3 fatty acid esters

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Specific Aim 1: To determine if Lovaza treatment reduces markers of inflammation and improves mitochondrial function in atrial myocardium [ Time Frame: 15 months ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Specific Aim 2: To determine if Lovaza treatment alters the biophysical and biochemical organization of cardiac mitochondrial membranes. The following questions will be addressed using the blood and cardiac tissue samples collected as described above: [ Time Frame: 15 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients age 18+ undergoing minimally invasive mitral valve repair surgery will be enrolled in this study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with chronic renal insufficiency
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  • Previous myocardial infarction
  • Left ventricular dysfunction (ejection fraction <40%)
  • Use of anti-arrhythmic drugs other than beta blockers, and the presence of an implantable defibrillator.
  • In addition, patients that have a high dietary intake of fish (≥ 2 servings/week) or have been taking n-3 PUFA supplements will be excluded.
  • Also, patients that are allergic to fish or shellfish, or taking any anticoagulant/antiplatelet medications other than aspirin (e.g. Plavix, Coumadin) will be excluded from this study.
  • Patients under the age of 18, and women who are pregnant will be excluded from this study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01046604

United States, North Carolina
Brody School of Medicine
Greenville, North Carolina, United States, 27834
Sponsors and Collaborators
East Carolina University
Principal Investigator: Ethan J Anderson, PhD Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, East Carolina University

Responsible Party: Ethan J. Anderson, Assistant Professor, East Carolina University Identifier: NCT01046604     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ECUomega3-01
First Posted: January 12, 2010    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 10, 2013
Last Verified: August 2013

Keywords provided by Ethan J. Anderson, East Carolina University:
mitral valve regurgitation
omega 3 fatty acids
fish oil
human heart

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Mitral Valve Insufficiency
Pathologic Processes
Pathological Conditions, Anatomical
Heart Valve Diseases
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases