Energy Dense Oleic Acid Formula to Geriatric Patients
Background and aims:
Old patients seldom reach energy requirements. The effects of an oleic-acid rich formula on energy intake and appetite were studied.
Methods: Recently admitted geriatric patients (n=71), likely to stay more than 1 week were randomised to receive a fat emulsion (Calogen, intervention group (IG)) or to standard care (control group (CG)). Thirty ml of the emulsion were given 3 times daily, i.e. 420 kcal, and was distributed at the regular medication rounds. Food intake and self-rated appetite were registered 2-3 days after admission and on day 8 or the day prior to discharge. Nutritional risk screening (NRS) 2002 and serum lipids and fatty acid profiles were analysed.
|Nutritional Intervention||Other: Calogen® - an energy dense oleic acid based formula|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Energy Dense Oleic Acid Rich Formula to Newly Admitted Geriatric Patients - Feasibility and Effects on Energy Intake|
- To detect a significant difference in energy intake of 48kJ/200 kcal between the groups at 5% significance level and with 80% power. [ Time Frame: 5 days to 3 weeks intervention ]
- Effects on serum lipids and appetite [ Time Frame: 5 days to 3 weeks treatment ]
|Study Start Date:||December 2005|
|Study Completion Date:||July 2007|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Intervention with energy dense formula
Patients were randomised to intervention with the energy dense formula Calogen.
Other: Calogen® - an energy dense oleic acid based formula
A daily dose of 3 x 30 ml of Calogen®, strawberry flavour, distributed at the same time as the pharmaceutical prescriptions, i.e. at 7.00, 14.00 and 20.00.
No Intervention: Control group
The patients that were randomised to control group were assigned to ordinary treatment.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01042340
|Dep of Geriatrics, Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge|
|Stockholm, Sweden, 141 86|
|Principal Investigator:||Gerd Faxén Irving, PhD||Dep of Clinical Nutrition and dietetics Karolinska University Hospital and section of Clinical Nutrition/NVS/Karolinska Institute|