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Metabolic Features of Post-Myopathy Patients Associated With Statin Treatment

This study has been terminated.
(Principal Investigator left institution)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Rockefeller University Identifier:
First received: December 24, 2009
Last updated: August 29, 2013
Last verified: August 2013

Statins are a class of drugs given to lower cholesterol. Although statins are considered to be generally safe, some studies show that about 10% of people on statins develop muscle-related symptoms, from fatigue (tiredness), weakness, cramping, pain and sometimes a lifethreatening muscle breakdown condition known as rhabdomyolysis. In some, these symptoms may greatly affect their daily activities. One consideration why symptoms develop in only some patients is that they may have an underlying problem in the way their muscles use fats to produce energy. In these patients, the muscles are not able to fully utilize fats and so they become tired more easily. Fat within the muscle can also affect how your body uses a hormone called insulin, which affects your blood sugar levels. The investigators are specifically interested in previous statin users and determine if the muscle symptoms are related to changes in energy and sugar use. We propose to enroll patients who have developed muscle side effects on previous statin treatment and have since discontinued statin treatment.

Our aim is to compare the metabolic parameters in these patients to age and gender-matched normal individuals.

Myopathy (Statin Associated)

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Metabolic Features of Post-Myopathy Patients Associated With Statin Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Rockefeller University:

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA
Blood and urine

Enrollment: 23
Study Start Date: August 2009
Study Completion Date: January 2012
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Normal Controls
Normal Controls
Statin associated myopathy
subjects with statin associated myopathy


Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years to 65 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Subjects with statin associated myopathy and normal controls

Inclusion Criteria:

SAM Group

  1. Males and females 40-65 yrs old; females must be post-menopause (>12 months since last menstrual period)
  2. Developed statin-associated myopathy, defined as:

    • Documented elevated levels of CPK > 3x upper limit of normal with muscle pain, weakness, cramping during statin treatment, or
    • Diagnosed with rhabdomyolysis, or
    • Developed muscle pain, weakness, cramping during statin treatment that resulted in statin discontinuation by the subject's MD
    • Developed recurrence of muscle symptoms after resumption of statin treatment, or A score of at least 5/17 on the INQoL on screening on any of the aspects of muscle symptoms (weakness, pain, locking or tiredness) based on subject's recall at the height of the muscle symptoms
  3. Able to ambulate independently (in order to perform exercise tests)
  4. Muscle symptoms started/ occurred within one year of starting statin treatment or within one year of changing statin brand or dose adjustment
  5. Discontinued statins at least 2 months from study inclusion date
  6. 20% probability of having a cardiovascular (CV) event in the next 10 years calculated using an online CV risk calculator AND with a low or a moderate American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) risk stratification for a cardiovascular event during a treadmill test

Normal Control Group

  1. Age and gender-matched individuals who are not on statins but would otherwise be candidates for statin treatment based on ATP III guidelines and have not experienced severe muscle pain, weakness or cramping at rest or during exercise
  2. Have not been diagnosed with a myopathy
  3. Have no family history of a myopathy or age and gender-matched individuals who have previously been on statins and did not develop muscle side effects, and have been off statins (for other than medical reasons) for at least 2 months from study inclusion
  4. 20% probability of having a cardiovascular (CV) event in the next 10 years calculated using an online CV risk calculator AND with a low or a moderate American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) risk stratification for a cardiovascular event during a treadmill test

Exclusion Criteria:

Applies to both groups of subjects

  1. Current treatment with other lipid-lowering agents, or intake of red yeast rice
  2. Impaired liver or kidney function ( ALT or AST 3x upper limit of normal, creatinine 3x upper limit of normal)
  3. Untreated hypo or hyperthyroidism
  4. Documented history of muscle disorder or myopathy other than statin-associated myopathy or previous history of elevated CPK prior to statin exposure
  5. Anemia (Hb< 110 g/dL)
  6. Cancer
  7. Known diabetes or fasting blood glucose >126 mg/dL
  8. HIV-1 infection
  9. Uncontrolled blood pressure 130/80 on two anti-hypertensive drugs
  10. Currently taking beta blockers
  11. Known coronary artery disease or peripheral vascular disease
  12. Chronic illnesses such as lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, psoriasis
  13. Long term oral, nasal, or inhaler steroid use > 6 months
  14. On Hormone Therapy except for thyroid replacement
  15. Alcohol consumption 40 g/day (3 glasses/day wine or beers or binge drinking 4 glasses/night)
  16. Surgery in the past 6 months except for minor excision/incision procedures, 12-L electrocardiogram demonstrating old/new myocardial infarction/ ischemia or other findings that, at the investigators' discretion, may put the subject at high risk
  17. Cognitive impairment that prevents comprehension of questionnaires
  18. Inability to read English (questionnaire language)
  19. Body mass index > 30 kg/m2
  20. Physical disability or previous injury that prevents safe exercise testing
  21. Not eligible for MRS (attachment)
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01040650

United States, New York
The Rockefeller University
New York, New York, United States, 10065
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rockefeller University
  More Information

Responsible Party: Rockefeller University Identifier: NCT01040650     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: PAM-0672
Study First Received: December 24, 2009
Last Updated: August 29, 2013

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Muscular Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Neuromuscular Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Enzyme Inhibitors
Lipid Regulating Agents processed this record on May 25, 2017