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Prior to the main study we will perform a pilot study on 60 subjects. The purpose of the pilot study is to identify the range of odor concentrations that will be used in the main study and to optimize the tasks performed in the main study.
Percentage of correct responses when discriminating between (-)-carvone and (+)-carvone, isovaleric acid and isobutyric acid, androstenone and androstadienone DNA sequence of ORs sensitive to these odors [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
Secondary Outcome Measures
concentration at which odors need to be added to allow for discrimination; thresholds to all six odors; verbal descriptors assigned to all six odors [ Time Frame: 3 years ]
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years to 50 Years (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Allergy to fragrances or smells of any kind
Active head cold, upper respiratory infection, or seasonal nasal allergies
History of nasal health problems, including endoscopic nasal surgery for sinus conditions or polyp removal.
Pre-existing medical condition that has caused anosmia or near total loss of the sense of smell, such as: head injury, cancer therapy, radiation to head and neck, or alcoholism