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Study of Smoking Abstinence

This study has been completed.
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC) Identifier:
First received: December 18, 2009
Last updated: June 30, 2017
Last verified: January 12, 2011


- Relapse following cigarette abstinence remains a common problem for smokers who are attempting to quit. Most research has focused on the acute withdrawal phase that occurs within the first 48 hours to 1 week after quitting; however, more information is needed on the experiences of smokers in longer durations of abstinence.


  • To study the effects of long-term smoking abstinence.
  • To study the effects of cigarette-related cues on craving in longer periods of smoking abstinence.


- Individuals at least 18 years of age who are current smokers (at least 10 cigarettes per day) and who want to quit but are not currently attempting to quit.


  • Participants will be randomly assigned to abstain from all nicotine use for 7, 14, or 35 days. A fourth group of participants will also abstain for 35 days, but will undergo more testing sessions than the other groups.
  • All participants will have an initial orientation session in which they will complete questionnaires about their smoking habits and will respond to smoking-related cues to provide information about their cravings.
  • Participants will visit the clinic daily during their abstinence period, and provide urine and breath samples to test for tobacco use. Participants will receive compensation for every day that they do not use tobacco.
  • On the end day of the abstinence period, participants will return to the clinic, provide urine and breath samples, and undergo testing of their responses to smoking-related cues. Participants in the fourth group will have these tests on Days 7, 14, and 35 of abstinence; other participants will have the tests only once, at the end of their abstinence period.
  • After the required abstinence period, participants will enter a 5-day step-down period. They will continue to report to the clinic for breath and urine testing, and they will receive payments for abstinence that decrease in value across days.
  • After the step-down period, for the final 12 days of the study, participants will report to the clinic every 3 days to give urine and breath samples and to report the number of cigarettes smoked.

Substance Abuse Disorders

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Study of Smoking Abstinence

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 210
Study Start Date: April 7, 2006
Estimated Study Completion Date: January 12, 2011
  Show Detailed Description


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

    1. Age 18 years or older
    2. Smoke at least 10 cigarettes per day, answer yes to the question Do you want to quit smoking eventually?, but no to the question Are you currently planning to quit?


  1. Medical conditions that would contraindicate participation
  2. Medical conditions requiring medications that would contraindicate participation
  3. Electrocardiogram suggestive of cardiovascular disease, symptomatic arrhythmia, QTc interval > 450 ms; heart block greater than first degree.
  4. Any current Axis I psychiatric disorder including Substance Use Disorder (except Nicotine Dependence), or any history of psychosis;
  5. Cognitive impairment (estimated IQ less than 80)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01035632

United States, Maryland
National Institute on Drug Abuse, Biomedical Research Center (BRC)
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21224
Sponsors and Collaborators
National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
  More Information

Publications: Identifier: NCT01035632     History of Changes
Obsolete Identifiers: NCT00385060
Other Study ID Numbers: 999906411
Study First Received: December 18, 2009
Last Updated: June 30, 2017

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Smoking Cues

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Substance-Related Disorders
Chemically-Induced Disorders
Mental Disorders processed this record on August 23, 2017