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PCI-24781 in Combination With Doxorubicin to Treat Sarcoma

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01027910
First Posted: December 9, 2009
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborators:
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Edwin Choy, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital
  Purpose
The purpose of this research study is to determine the safety and maximum tolerated dose of PCI-24781 that can be given safely with doxorubicin (phase I) and the safety and efficacy of PCI-24781 when used in combination with doxorubicin (phase II) in patients with advanced sarcomas. The study drug, PCI-24781, is believed to regulate genes involved in tumor cell growth. The other study drug, doxorubicin, is considered a standard chemotherapeutic treatment for advanced sarcoma patients. We hypothesize that combining PCI-24781 with doxorubicin can overcome chemoresistance to doxorubicin.

Condition Intervention Phase
Sarcoma Drug: PCI-24781 Drug: Doxorubicin Drug: GCSF Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase I/II Study of PCI-24781 in Combination With Doxorubicin for Treatment of Advanced Sarcomas Following Failure or Prior Anthracycline Therapy

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Edwin Choy, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Maximum Tolerated Dose [ Time Frame: up to 30 days after starting study drugs ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose Limiting Toxicities [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    number of patients who experienced dose limiting toxicities

  • Number of Partial Responses (PR) [ Time Frame: 1 year ]
    number of patients who demonstrated partial response to therapy as determined by RECIST v1.0 for target lesions and assessed by MRI: Complete Response (CR), Disappearance of all target lesions; Partial Response (PR), >=30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions; Overall Response (OR) = CR + PR.

  • Rate of Progression-free Survival at 6 Months in Participants Who Received PCI-24781/Doxorubicin Combination Administration. [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Enrollment: 20
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: March 2015
Primary Completion Date: March 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: PCI-24781 without mandated GCSF
PCI-24781 in combination with doxorubicin without mandated GCSF
Drug: PCI-24781
Capsules taken orally for 5 consecutive days starting on Day 1 of each 3 week cycle
Other Name: PCI24781
Drug: Doxorubicin
Administered intravenously on Day 4 of each 3 week cycle
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: GCSF
Administered on Day 5 of each 3 weeks cycle in Arm 1 if determined to be clinically indicated, and in all patients enrolled into Arm 2
Other Name: Neupogen
Experimental: PCI-24781 with mandated GCSF
PCI-24781 in combination with doxorubicin with mandated GCSF
Drug: PCI-24781
Capsules taken orally for 5 consecutive days starting on Day 1 of each 3 week cycle
Other Name: PCI24781
Drug: Doxorubicin
Administered intravenously on Day 4 of each 3 week cycle
Other Name: Adriamycin
Drug: GCSF
Administered on Day 5 of each 3 weeks cycle in Arm 1 if determined to be clinically indicated, and in all patients enrolled into Arm 2
Other Name: Neupogen

Detailed Description:
  • In the phase I portion of the study, since we are looking for the highest dose of PCI-24781 that can be administered safely without severe or unmanageable side effects in participants that have advanced sarcoma, not everyone who participates in this research study will receive the same dose of PCI-24871.
  • Each treatment cycle is 3 weeks (21 days). Participants will take capsules of PCI-24871 for five consecutive days starting on Day 1 of each 3 week cycle. On Day 4 of each cycle, participants will come to the clinic to receive doxorubicin intravenously.
  • At specific time intervals, participants will return to the clinic for the following tests and procedures: physical examination, vital signs, blood tests, urine test, EKG, assessment of the tumor by CT scan, and an ECHO or MUGA.
  • Participants may remain on the study for a maximum of 6 cycles (about 4-5 months). After the last cycle, as long as the participant is showing benefit, they may elect to continue taking PCI-24781 alone, in which case they will continue in this research study until there is evidence of their tumor growing.
  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have histologically confirmed metastatic or unresectable sarcoma
  • All participants must have received no more than a lifetime cumulative maximum dose of 300 mg/m2 or less of prior doxorubicin and no other anthracycline therapy.
  • Participants must have measurable disease, defined as at least one unirradiated lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension as 20mm or greater with conventional techniques or as 10mm or greater with spiral CT scan.
  • ECOG performance status of 2 or less
  • Ability to swallow oral capsules without difficulty
  • Participants must have normal organ and marrow function as outlined in the protocol.
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum/urine pregnancy test within 7 days prior to receiving the first dose of PCI-24781.
  • An ECHO or MUGA demonstrating EF > 50% is required within 4 weeks prior to study drug administration.
  • 18 years of age or older

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Participants who have had immunotherapy, chemotherapy, experimental therapy or radiotherapy within 4 weeks before first day of study drug dosing or those who have not recovered to grade 1 or baseline from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
  • Participants who have previously received > 300 mg/m2 cumulative lifetime dose of doxorubicin, or who have received any other anthracycline chemotherapy.
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks before first day of study drug dosing
  • Participants with known central nervous system/brain metastases
  • Participants receiving chronic corticosteroids > 20 mg prednisone equivalent per day for > 7 consecutive days (Topical, inhaled or nasal corticosteroids are permitted).
  • Participants with any documented malabsorption syndromes or other conditions that may impair the absorption of PCI-24781 capsules.
  • Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
  • Participants requiring concurrent therapeutic anticoagulation or have received therapeutic anticoagulation within 2 weeks of the first day of dosing.
  • Risk factors for Torsades de Pointes, or use, within 4 weeks of starting study drug administration, of medications known to prolong QTc interval or that may be associated with Torsades de Pointes.
  • QTc prolongation or other significant ECG abnormalities defined as 2nd degree AV block type II, 3rd degree AV block, or bradycardia.
  • History of myocardial infarction, acute coronary syndromes, coronary angioplasty and/or coronary artery stenting within the past 6 months.
  • For patients with history of major coronary artery disease in the judgement of the responsible physician, a cardiac stress test that demonstrates clinically significant abnormalities when performed within 28 days of first dose of study drug
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women
  • Women of childbearing potential, or sexually active men unwilling to use adequate contraceptive protection during the course of the study
  • HIV-positive individuals
  • Other medical or psychiatric illness or organ dysfunction that, in the opinion of the investigator, would either compromise the patient's safety or interfere with the evaluation of the safety of PCI-24781
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01027910


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Sponsors and Collaborators
Massachusetts General Hospital
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Pharmacyclics LLC.
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Edwin Choy, MD, PhD Massachusetts General Hospital
  More Information

Publications:
Lopez G, Liu J, Ren W, Wei W, Wang S, Lahat G, Zhu QS, Bornmann WG, McConkey DJ, Pollock RE, Lev DC. Combining PCI-24781, a novel histone deacetylase inhibitor, with chemotherapy for the treatment of soft tissue sarcoma. Clin Cancer Res. 2009 May 15;15(10):3472-83. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-2714. Epub 2009 May 5. Erratum in: Clin Cancer Res. 2015 Apr 1;21(7):1774-5.
Buggy JJ, Cao ZA, Bass KE, Verner E, Balasubramanian S, Liu L, Schultz BE, Young PR, Dalrymple SA. CRA-024781: a novel synthetic inhibitor of histone deacetylase enzymes with antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo. Mol Cancer Ther. 2006 May;5(5):1309-17.
Adimoolam S, Sirisawad M, Chen J, Thiemann P, Ford JM, Buggy JJ. HDAC inhibitor PCI-24781 decreases RAD51 expression and inhibits homologous recombination. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2007 Dec 4;104(49):19482-7. Epub 2007 Nov 27.
Yang C, Choy E, Hornicek FJ, Wood KB, Schwab JH, Liu X, Mankin H, Duan Z. Histone deacetylase inhibitor PCI-24781 enhances chemotherapy-induced apoptosis in multidrug-resistant sarcoma cell lines. Anticancer Res. 2011 Apr;31(4):1115-23.
Yang C, Choy E, Hornicek FJ, Wood KB, Schwab JH, Liu X, Mankin H, Duan Z. Histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACI) PCI-24781 potentiates cytotoxic effects of doxorubicin in bone sarcoma cells. Cancer Chemother Pharmacol. 2011 Feb;67(2):439-46. doi: 10.1007/s00280-010-1344-7. Epub 2010 May 12.
Lopez G, Torres K, Liu J, Hernandez B, Young E, Belousov R, Bolshakov S, Lazar AJ, Slopis JM, McCutcheon IE, McConkey D, Lev D. Autophagic survival in resistance to histone deacetylase inhibitors: novel strategies to treat malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors. Cancer Res. 2011 Jan 1;71(1):185-96. doi: 10.1158/0008-5472.CAN-10-2799. Epub 2010 Nov 16. Erratum in: Cancer Res. 2015 Apr 15;75(8):1771-4.
Choy E, Flamand Y, Balasubramanian S, Butrynski JE, Harmon DC, George S, Cote GM, Wagner AJ, Morgan JA, Sirisawad M, Mani C, Hornicek FJ, Duan Z, Demetri GD. Phase 1 study of oral abexinostat, a histone deacetylase inhibitor, in combination with doxorubicin in patients with metastatic sarcoma. Cancer. 2015 Apr 15;121(8):1223-30. doi: 10.1002/cncr.29175. Epub 2014 Dec 23.

Responsible Party: Edwin Choy, MD, Principle Investigator, Massachusetts General Hospital
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01027910     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09-352
First Submitted: December 8, 2009
First Posted: December 9, 2009
Results First Submitted: March 9, 2016
Results First Posted: February 14, 2017
Last Update Posted: February 14, 2017
Last Verified: December 2016
Individual Participant Data (IPD) Sharing Statement:
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Edwin Choy, MD, Massachusetts General Hospital:
PCI-24781
doxorubicin

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Sarcoma
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Doxorubicin
Liposomal doxorubicin
Abexinostat
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors


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