Mindfulness to Improve Elders' Immune and Health Status
The purpose of the study is to better understand effects of the Mindfulness-Based Stress-Reduction (MBSR) program on the physical and emotional health and well-being of adults ages 65 and older.
The effects MBSR may have on the immune system is investigated, including how these effects relate to factors such as perceived health, psychological well-being, age, personality, and mood.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Mindfulness to Improve Elders' Immune and Health Status|
- IgG Anti-KLH Antibody Response Post-treatment [ Time Frame: Immediate post-treatment (time 2) ]Immune function--specifically, antibody response to a novel, benign antigen (an antigen to which subjects are immunologically naïve); in this case, keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH).
- Trail Making Test [ Time Frame: immediate post-treatment (Time 2) ]The Trail Making Test is a commonly used neuropsychological test of visual attention and task-switching. In two timed tasks, subjects are asked to first connect numbers (Test A), then alternating numbers and letters (Test B), in sequential order as quickly as possible. Completion times, relating to cognitive processing speed and executive function (respectively), may be utilized individually, and as a difference (B-A) or ratio (B/A) score. The Trails B/A ratio was used as an index of improvement in executive control throughout the trial, with lower scores indicating better performance.
- Electroencephalography Measurement [ Time Frame: post-treatment (time 2) ]Measurement of alpha asymmetry at the F3/4 (frontal) electrode. Left prefrontal activation has been associated with positive affect, and with higher levels of antibody responses and natural killer cell cytotoxicity.
|Study Start Date:||March 2006|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2009|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
Participation in the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program following the initial assessment period, just prior to the start of the immunological measures.
Behavioral: Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction
The standardized Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program is the primary training tool used to enhance mindfulness. The eight-week-long MBSR program is designed to teach subjects how to develop their inner resources in the service of taking better care of themselves. MBSR training includes the learning and refining of a range of skills aimed at increasing relaxation and awareness of physical experiences and sensations related to physical symptoms, emotions, and thoughts. Special emphasis is placed on movement, meditation, and breathing.
Other Name: MBSR
No Intervention: Wait-list control
Wait-list control participants were offered MBSR training after completion of their primary assessments periods.
This study investigates the effects of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on immune responses to multiple concentrations of keyhole limpet hemocyanin (KLH) in elderly volunteers. The research design thus capitalizes on the antibody response to a novel, benign antigen to which our subjects will be immunologically naïve. The use of a range of antigen concentrations will provide a sensitive indicator for the effects of intervention.
The Aims of the study are the following:
- To examine the effects of Mindfulness Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on immunological outcomes, perceived health, and psychological well-being in a sample of seniors 65 years of age and older.
- To examine whether treatment effects are moderated by age, personality traits, physical health status, or depression.
- To examine the effects of behavioral, psychological, and physiological mediators of immune outcome.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01027780
|United States, New York|
|University of Rochester Medical Center|
|Rochester, New York, United States, 14642|
|Principal Investigator:||Jan A Moynihan, Ph.D||University of Rochester|