Tracheobronchitis Prevention Trial (TRAMA)
|Tracheobronchitis Pneumonia||Drug: colistin (Tadim) Other: inhaled normal saline|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
|Official Title:||Study of Inhaled Antibiotics for Prevention of Tracheobronchitis and Ventilator Associated Pneumonia|
- Incidence of tracheobronchitis and ventilator associated pneumonia [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
- Ventilator free days and ICU length of stay [ Time Frame: 30 days ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||May 2013|
|Primary Completion Date:||May 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Placebo Comparator: Inhaled colistin
They will receive inhaled colistin three times daily for 10 days.
Drug: colistin (Tadim)
500.000 units of inhaled colistin three times daily for 10 days
Placebo Comparator: Inhaled normal saline
Inhaled normal saline three times daily for 10 days
Other: inhaled normal saline
inhalation of 2,5cc Normal Saline via nebulisation
INTRODUCTION Gram-negative bacteria have recently become endemic in many ICUs around the world. Ventilator associated pneumonia (VAP) is relatively common and its parenteral treatment often leads to low and sub-therapeutic concentrations of antibiotics in the lung. Ventilator associated tracheobronchitis (VAT) is characterized by fever, purulent sputum, positive cultures of tracheal aspirates secretions and the absence of new pulmonary infiltrates on CXR. This entity is of particular interest because it is an intermediate step in the pathogenesis of VAP (between colonization and VAP itself) and prolongs mechanical ventilatory support. Inhaled antibiotics achieve high (both peak and trough) concentrations in respiratory secretions. Endobronchial antibiotics have been given to non-cystic fibrosis patients for prevention of VAP. Colistimethate sodium (colistin) given by instillation decreased the incidence of Gram-negative pneumonia and did not lead to the development of colistin resistant bacteria.
The study is a prospective open label randomized study which aims to clarify the effect of colistin to:
- The incidence of VAP The incidence of VAT
- Mechanical ventilation free days
- Incidence of multidrug resistant bacteria in tracheal aspirates cultures
METHODS Settings: The study will be performed in the ICU of the University of Larissa (12 beds).
Entry criteria: All intubated and tracheostomised patients, older than 18 years old with duration of intubation of 48 hours.
Exclusion criteria: 1) Purulent sputum within 48 hours from admission. 2) Pneumonia within 48 hours of intubation 3) New chest X ray infiltrate, 4) Advanced COPD that led to intubation 5) Pregnancy 6) Allergy to colistin 7) Resistance of the bacterial strain to colistin.
Tools: Randomization of the patients into two groups: the first group will receive nebulized colistin and the other no treatment. The initial dose is 1000000 units and it will be doubled after measurement of the drug concentration in tracheal secretions. The drug will start on admission and stop after 10 days.
All patients will be given the respiratory bundle measures (semi-recumbent position, daily interruption of sedation) as part of the usual daily practice of our ICU except otherwise indicated.
The severity of patients will be estimated by APACHE II score on admission and SOFA score thrice weekly. CPIS score as a screening tool for pneumonia will be estimated as well thrice weekly.
Tracheal aspirates cultures on admission and thrice weekly thereafter for the first two weeks and twice weekly thereafter.
The patients will be followed for thirty days to measure outcome.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01025921
|University Hospital of Larissa|
|Larissa, Greece, 41110|