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Trial of Gemcitabine With or Without MSC1936369B in Pancreatic Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01016483
First Posted: November 19, 2009
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Collaborator:
Merck KGaA
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
EMD Serono
  Purpose

The research trial is testing the experimental treatment MSC1936369B in combination with Gemcitabine, in subjects with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma. The study will be run in two parts:

Safety Run-In: Will determine the Maximum Tolerated Dose (MTD) and the recommended Phase II dose of MSC1936369B, when combined with gemcitabine, in subjects with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Phase II: Will assess the anti-tumor activity of MSC1936369B combined with gemcitabine compared to gemcitabine alone as first line treatment in subjects with metastatic pancreatic adenocarcinoma.


Condition Intervention Phase
Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma Drug: Pimasertib Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Randomized Trial of MEK Inhibitor MSC1936369B or Placebo Combined With Gemcitabine in Metastatic Pancreas Cancer Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by EMD Serono:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety Run-In Part: Number of Subjects With Dose Limiting Toxicities (DLTs) [ Time Frame: Up to 28 days in Cycle 1 ]
    DLT using the National Cancer Institute Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events(CTCAE) v3.0,was defined as any of the following toxicities at any dose level and judged to be possibly or probably related to trial medication by the Investigator and/or the Sponsor and relevant for the combination treatment: Grade 3/more non-hematological toxicity excluding: Subjects with liver involvement: Grade 4 asymptomatic increases in liver function tests and subject without liver involvement: Grade 3 asymptomatic increases in liver function tests reversible within 7 days. Grade 3 vomiting encountered despite adequate therapy. Grade 3 diarrhea encountered despite adequate anti diarrhea therapy. Grade 4 neutropenia greater (>) 5 days duration or febrile neutropenia lasting for more than 1 day. Grade 4 thrombocytopenia > 1 day/Grade 3 with bleeding. Grade 4 anemia: Any treatment delay > 2 weeks due to drug-related adverse effects.

  • Phase II: Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Time [ Time Frame: From the time of randomization to every 8 weeks up to end of treatment (EOT) (6 years) ]
    PFS was defined as the time from randomization to the first documentation of objective tumor progression (Complete Response (CR): Disappearance of all target lesions, Partial Response (PR): At least 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the sum of the longest diameter at baseline, Progressive Disease (PD): At least 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum of the longest diameter recorded since treatment started, or the appearance of 1 or more new lesions and stable disease: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum of the longest diameter since treatment started) or to death due to any cause, whichever occurred first. PFS calculated as (Months) = Date of first PD or death or censoring date minus date of randomization plus 1) divided by 30.4375.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety Run-In Part: Number of Subjects With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs), Serious TEAEs, and TEAEs Leading to Permanent Treatment Discontinuation [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug administration until EOT (6 years) ]
    An adverse event (AE) was any untoward medical occurrence in a subjects who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An serious adverse event (SAE) was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. All AEs (serious and non-serious) except AEs recorded with an onset date prior to the first day of drug administration unless a worsening of the event was recorded after the first dosing date, in which case the event was counted as a TEAE. TEAEs include both SAEs and non-SAEs.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Maximum Concentration (Cmax) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU) for Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
  • Safety Run-In Part: Time to Reach Maximum Concentration (Tmax) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU): Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
  • Safety Run-In Part: Time to Reach Apparent Terminal Half-Life (t1/2) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU): Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Plasma decay half-life was the time measured for the plasma concentration to decrease by one half.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Area Under Curve (AUC: 0 to Infinity) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU): Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1 of Cycle 1 for MSC1936369B, 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 for Gemcitabine ]
    AUC:0 to infinity was a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It was used to characterize drug absorption.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Apparent Oral Clearance (CL/f) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B): Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Clearance of a drug was a measure of the rate at which a drug is metabolized or eliminated by normal biological processes. Clearance obtained after oral dose (apparent oral clearance) was influenced by the fraction of the dose absorbed.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Total Clearance (CL) of Gemcitabine: Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Clearance of a drug was a measure of the rate at which a drug is metabolized or eliminated by normal biological processes.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Oral Volume of Distribution (V/f) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B): Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Volume of distribution was defined as the theoretical volume in which the total amount of drug would need to be uniformly distributed to produce the desired plasma concentration of a drug.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Apparent Volume of Distribution (V) of Gemcitabine: Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Apparent volume of distribution was defined as the theoretical volume in which the total amount of drug would need to be uniformly distributed to produce the desired plasma concentration of a drug.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Levels of Pharmacodynamic (Pd) Markers (Phosphorylated- Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK) in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells [PBMCs]): Regimen 1 [ Time Frame: pre-dose on Day 1, 2, 22 of Cycle 1; post-dose on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    ERK phosphoprotein in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) was analyzed from blood samples of all subjects in the SAF analysis set (safety-run part) only.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Maximum Concentration (Cmax) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU): Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
  • Safety Run-In Part: Area Under Curve (AUC:0 to Infinity) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU) Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1 of Cycle 1 for MSC1936369B, 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 for Gemcitabine ]
    AUC:0 to infinity is a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It is used to characterize drug absorption.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Time to Reach Maximum Concentration (Tmax) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU): Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
  • Safety Run-In Part: Time to Reach Apparent Terminal Half-Life (t1/2) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B), Gemcitabine (dFdC), and Gemcitabine Inactive Metabolite 2',2'-Difluorodeoxyuridine (dFdU): Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Plasma decay half-life is the time measured for the plasma concentration to decrease by one half.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Apparent Oral Clearance (CL/f) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B): Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Clearance of a drug is a measure of the rate at which a drug is metabolized or eliminated by normal biological processes. Clearance obtained after oral dose (apparent oral clearance) is influenced by the fraction of the dose absorbed.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Total Clearance (CL) of Gemcitabine: Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Clearance of a drug was a measure of the rate at which a drug is metabolized or eliminated by normal biological processes.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Apparent Volume of Distribution (V) of Gemcitabine: Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Volume of distribution is defined as the theoretical volume in which the total amount of drug would need to be uniformly distributed to produce the desired plasma concentration of a drug.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Oral Volume of Distribution (V/f) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B): Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: 0 hour (pre-dose), 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 4, 8, 12, 24 (post-dose) on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    Volume of distribution was defined as the theoretical volume in which the total amount of drug would need to be uniformly distributed to produce the desired plasma concentration of a drug.

  • Safety Run-In Part: Levels of Pharmacodynamic (Pd) Markers (Phosphorylated- Extracellular Signal-Regulated Kinase (ERK) in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells [PBMCs]): Regimen 2 [ Time Frame: pre-dose on Day 1, 2, 22 of Cycle 1; post-dose on Day 1, 22 of Cycle 1 ]
    ERK phosphoprotein in peripheral blood monocytes (PBMCs) was analyzed from blood samples of all subjects in the SAF analysis set (safety-run part) only.

  • Phase II: Number of Subjects With Treatment-Emergent Adverse Events (TEAEs), Serious TEAEs, and TEAEs Leading to Permanent Treatment Discontinuation [ Time Frame: From the first dose of study drug administration until EOT (6 years) ]
    An AE was any untoward medical occurrence in a subject who received study drug without regard to possibility of causal relationship. An SAE was an AE resulting in any of the following outcomes or deemed significant for any other reason: death; initial or prolonged inpatient hospitalization; life-threatening experience (immediate risk of dying); persistent or significant disability/incapacity; congenital anomaly. All AEs (serious and non-serious) except AEs recorded with an onset date prior to the first day of drug administration unless a worsening of the event was recorded after the first dosing date, in which case the event was counted as a TEAE. TEAEs include both SAEs and non-SAEs.

  • Phase II: Percentage of Subjects With Best Overall Response (BOR) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 8 weeks up to end of treatment (EOT i.e. 6 years) ]
    Best overall response was defined as the presence of at least one complete response (CR), partial response (PR) or Stable Disease (SD) (using RECIST v1.0) during treatment. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions, PR: At least 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the sum of the longest diameter at baseline and SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum of the longest diameter since treatment started.

  • Phase II: Percentage of Subjects With Clinical Benefit [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 8 weeks up to end of treatment (EOT i.e. 6 years) ]
    Clinical Benefit was defined as the presence of at least one CR, PR or Stable Disease (SD) (using RECIST v1.0) during treatment. CR: Disappearance of all target lesions, PR: At least 30% decrease in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the sum of the longest diameter at baseline and SD: Neither sufficient shrinkage to qualify for PR nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum of the longest diameter since treatment started.

  • Phase II: Time to Progression (TTP) [ Time Frame: From randomization every 8 weeks up to EOT (6 years) ]
    Time to progression (TTP) is defined as the time (in months) from the randomization date to the date of progression prior to the start of any subsequent therapy for the primary disease, as reported and documented by the Investigator (i.e. radiological progression per RECIST).

  • Phase II: Overall Survival (OS) Time [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 8 weeks up to EOT (6 years) ]
    Overall survival (OS) time is defined as the time (in months) from randomization to death.

  • Phase II: Absorption Rate Constant (ka) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 8 weeks up to EOT (6 years) ]
  • Phase II: Clearance From Central Compartment (CL/f) and Intercompartmental Clearance (Q/f) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 8 weeks up to EOT (6 years) ]
  • Phase II: Volume of Central Compartment (V1/f) and Volume of Peripheral Compartment (V2/f) of Pimasertib (MSC1936369B) [ Time Frame: Baseline, every 8 weeks up to EOT (6 years) ]

Enrollment: 141
Actual Study Start Date: November 30, 2009
Study Completion Date: April 30, 2015
Primary Completion Date: December 31, 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Safety Run-in Part: Regimen 1
Subjects will receive pimasertib capsule orally once daily (qd) doses of 15, 30, 45, 68, 90, and 120 milligram (mg) on Day 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15,16, 17, 18, 19, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26 and gemcitabine 1000 milligram per square meter (mg/m^2) intravenous (IV) infusion for 30 minutes on Days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 followed by a 1-week rest (1 Cycle = 8 weeks).
Drug: Pimasertib
Other Name: MSC1936369B (MEK Inhibitor)
Drug: Gemcitabine
Experimental: Safety Run-in Part: Regimen 2
Subjects will receive pimasertib capsule orally twice daily (bid) doses of 60 and 75 mg continuously for a 28-day cycle and gemcitabine 1000 mg/m^2 intravenous (IV) infusion for 30 minutes on Days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 followed by a 1-week rest (1 Cycle = 8 weeks) (bid - continuous regimen).
Drug: Pimasertib
Other Name: MSC1936369B (MEK Inhibitor)
Drug: Gemcitabine
Active Comparator: Phase II: Arm 1 (Gemcitabine + Placebo)
Subjects will receive gemcitabine 1000 mg/m^2 IV infusion on for 30 minutes on Day 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 followed by a 1-week rest (Cycle 1) then on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle and placebo matched to pimasertib orally bid - continuous regimen.
Drug: Gemcitabine Drug: Placebo
Experimental: Phase II: Arm 2 (Gemcitabine + Pimasertib)
Subjects will receive gemcitabine 1000 mg/m^2 IV infusion for 30 minutes on Day 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, 36, and 43 followed by a 1-week rest (Cycle 1) then on Days 1, 8, and 15 of a 28-day cycle and pimasertib capsule orally bid - continuous regimen.
Drug: Pimasertib
Other Name: MSC1936369B (MEK Inhibitor)
Drug: Gemcitabine

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Subject has provided signed informed consent. Fully understands requirements of the trial and willing to comply with all trial visits and assessments.
  2. Histologically or cytologically confirmed metastatic adenocarcinoma of the pancreas and availability of tumor sample.
  3. Evidence of disease (not necessarily measurable disease). Complete tumor assessment including chest X ray, CT scan of abdomen and other scans as necessary to document all sites of disease performed within 28 days prior to trial entry/randomization.
  4. Age ≥ 18 years.
  5. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative blood pregnancy test at the screening visit. For the purposes of this trial, women of childbearing potential is defined as: "All female subjects after puberty unless they are post-menopausal for at least two years, are surgically sterile or are sexually inactive."
  6. Female subjects of childbearing potential and male subjects with female partners of childbearing potential must be willing to avoid pregnancy by using an adequate method of contraception for 2 weeks prior to screening, during and four weeks after the last dose of trial medication. Adequate contraception is defined as two barrier methods, or one barrier method with a spermicide, or intrauterine device. The use of hormonal contraceptives should be avoided in female subjects of childbearing potential due to a possible drug-drug interaction.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Bone marrow impairment as evidenced by hemoglobin less (<) 9.0 gram per deciliter (g/dL), neutrophil count < 1.5 x 10^9/ liter (L), platelets < 100 x 10^9/L.
  2. Renal impairment as evidenced by serum creatinine > 1.5 x upper limit of normal (ULN), and/or calculated creatinine clearance < 60 mL/min.
  3. Liver function abnormality as defined by total bilirubin > 1.5 x ULN, or aspartate aminotransferase/ alanine aminotransferase (AST/ALT) > 2.5 x ULN, for subjects with liver involvement AST/ALT > 5 x ULN.
  4. Serum calcium > 1 x ULN.
  5. History of central nervous system (CNS) metastases, unless subject has been previously treated for CNS metastases, is stable by CT scan without evidence of cerebral edema, and has no requirements for corticosteroids or anticonvulsants.
  6. Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) greater than 1.
  7. Significant cardiac conduction abnormalities, including QT interval corrected for heart rate (QTc) prolongation of > 480 milliseconds (ms) and/or pacemaker.
  8. Retinal degenerative disease (hereditary retinal degeneration or age-related macular degeneration), history of uveitis or history of retinal vein occlusion.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01016483


Locations
United States, Massachusetts
For Recruiting Locations in the United States, please Contact U.S. Medical Information
Rockland, Massachusetts, United States
Germany
For Recruiting Locations outside the United States, Please contact the Merck KGaA Communication Center
Darmstadt, Germany
Sponsors and Collaborators
EMD Serono
Merck KGaA
Investigators
Study Director: Medical Responsible Merck KGaA
  More Information

Responsible Party: EMD Serono
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01016483     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EMR200066_003
2009-011992-61 ( EudraCT Number )
First Submitted: November 18, 2009
First Posted: November 19, 2009
Results First Submitted: May 2, 2017
Results First Posted: June 23, 2017
Last Update Posted: July 13, 2017
Last Verified: July 2017

Keywords provided by EMD Serono:
MEK inhibitor
cancer
pancreatic Adenocarcinoma
metastatic
chemo-naive
phase II

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gemcitabine
Niacinamide
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances