Rituximab and Alemtuzumab in Treating Older Patients With Progressive Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

This study has been terminated.
(Slow accrual)
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01013961
First received: November 13, 2009
Last updated: February 1, 2016
Last verified: February 2016
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as rituximab and alemtuzumab, can block cancer growth in different ways. Some block the ability of cancer cells to grow and spread. Others find cancer cells and help kill them or carry cancer killing substances to them. Giving rituximab together with alemtuzumab may kill more cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying two different doses of rituximab to compare how well they work when given together with alemtuzumab in treating older patients with progressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia
Biological: alemtuzumab
Biological: rituximab
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Randomized Trial Comparing Standard and Low Dose Rituximab: Initial Treatment of Progressive Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia in Elderly Patients Using Alemtuzumab and Rituximab

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of Patients With Complete Response (CR) [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of treatment and 2 months after completion of therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    Response was evaluated using NCI-WG96 criteria.

    A CR requires all of the following for >= 2 months:

    • Absence of lymphadenopathy > 1 cm in diameter by physical examination
    • No hepatomegaly or splenomegaly on physical exam
    • No constitutional symptoms
    • Normal complete blood count (CBC)
    • Patients achieving a clinical CR with negative CT scan after 2 cycles of therapy are re-evaluated using immunohistochemical examination of bone marrow biopsy for residual CLL cells. Patients with no evidence of residual disease and no radiological evidence of residual CLL on CT scan of chest-abdomen-pelvis and no clinical evidence of CLL on clinical evaluation after completion of 2 cycles of therapy will be considered to have a CR with no evidence of residual disease

  • Proportion of Patients With Overall Response (OR) [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of treatment and 2 months after completion of therapy ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    OR is defined as either CR, clinical CR, or partial response (PR) evaluated by NCI-WG96 criteria. CR has been defined in the other primary endpoint.

    A clinical CR requires all of the following:

    • Absence of lymphadenopathy by physical examination
    • No hepatomegaly or splenomegaly. Spleen and/or liver, if considered enlarged at baseline, should not be palpable, due to disease, on physical exam
    • Absence of constitutional symptoms
    • Normal CBC as exhibited by:

    A PR requires all the following for ≥2 months:

    • ≥50% decrease in peripheral blood lymphocyte count from baseline
    • ≥50% reduction in lymphadenopathy
    • ≥50% reduction in size of liver and/or spleen
    • Polymorphonuclear leukocytes ≥1.5x10^9/L or 50% improvement over baseline
    • Platelets >100x10^9/L or 50% improvement over baseline
    • Hemoglobin >11.0 gm/dl or 50% improvement over baseline without transfusions
    • Any constitutional symptoms


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival (OS) [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of treatment, 2 months after completion of therapy and then yearly up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS is defined to be time from randomization to death from any cause. Those still alive are censored at the date of last contact.

  • Progression-free Survival (PFS) [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of treatment, 2 months after completion of therapy and then yearly up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    PFS is defined to be time from randomization to progression (PD) or to death without documentation of progression. For patients without PD, follow-up is censored at the date of last disease assessment without PD, unless death occurs within three months following the date last known progression free.

    PD is characterized by at least one of the following:

    • ≥50% increase in the sum of the products of at least 2 lymph nodes on 2 consecutive examinations 2 weeks apart (at least 1 node must be >2 cm). Appearance of new palpable lymph nodes (>1 cm in diameter).
    • ≥50% increase in the size of liver and/or spleen as determined by measurement below the respective costal margin; appearance of palpable hepatomegaly or splenomegaly which was not previously present.
    • Absolute number of circulating lymphocytes with a count of >5x10^9/L
    • Transformation to a more aggressive histology

  • Time to Response [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of treatment, 2 months after completion of therapy and then yearly up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to response is defined to be time from randomization to first confirmed CR, PR or clinical CR. Those without confirmed CR, PR or clinical CR are censored at the date of last disease assessment.

  • Duration of Response [ Time Frame: Assessed after 2 cycles of treatment, 2 months after completion of therapy and then yearly up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Duration of response is defined to be time from first confirmed CR, PR or clinical CR to progression or to death without documentation of progression. Patients without confirmed CR, PR or clinical CR are censored at time 0. Those without documentation of progression are censored at the date of last disease assessment without progression, unless death occurs within three months following the date last known progression free.


Enrollment: 31
Study Start Date: October 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2018
Primary Completion Date: July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Arm A (standard dose)

Patients receive alemtuzumab subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-3, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 27, 29, and 31 and standard-dose rituximab 375 mg/m^2/week intravenously (IV) on days 8, 15, 22, and 29 in cycle 1 (33-day cycle). In cycle 2 and subsequent cycles (28-day cycle), patients receive alemtuzumab SC on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26 and standard-dose rituximab IV on days 3, 10, 17, and 24. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles.

Alemtuzumab dose for cycle 1 week 1 requires a 'dose ramp' (3 mg day 1, 10 mg day2, and 30 mg day 3 of cycle 1) and then is 30 mg 3 times a week.

Biological: alemtuzumab
Given IV
Biological: rituximab
Given IV
Experimental: Arm B (low dose)

Patients receive alemtuzumab SC on days 1-3, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 27, 29, and 31 and low-dose rituximab at 20 mg/m^2 IV on days 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 27, 29, and 31 in cycle 1 (33-day cycle). In cycle 2 and subsequent cycles (28-day cycle), patients receive alemtuzumab SC and low-dose rituximab IV on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles.

Alemtuzumab dose for cycle 1 week 1 requires a 'dose ramp' (3 mg day 1, 10 mg day2, and 30 mg day 3 of cycle 1) and then is 30 mg 3 times a week.

Biological: alemtuzumab
Given IV
Biological: rituximab
Given IV

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To compare the rate of complete and overall response in elderly patients with progressive chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) treated with one of two doses of rituximab combined with alemtuzumab to determine if the use of modified-dose rituximab significantly affects outcome.

Secondary

  • To monitor and assess toxicity of these regimens.
  • To determine the overall and progression-free survival, time to clinical response, time to next treatment, and duration of response in patients treated with these regimens
  • To assess the correlation between risk stratification prognostic markers (i.e., CD38, ZAP-70, fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH), and IgVH mutation) and clinical outcome.
  • To assess response to these regimens using both the 1996 National Cancer Institute Working Group (NCI-WG 96) criteria and an expanded definition of response for patients in complete remission, including immunohistochemical examination of the bone marrow and sensitive flow cytometry (4-6 color) of blood for minimal residual disease and computed tomography (CT) scans for residual adenopathy.
  • To determine the mechanism of action of rituximab and alemtuzumab and to determine mechanisms of resistance of a subpopulation of CLL cells to these drugs.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to FISH risk (low [13q14-] vs intermediate [12+, no abnormality, all other abnormalities] vs high [17p13-,11q22-]). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm A: Patients receive alemtuzumab subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-3, 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 27, 29, and 31 and standard-dose rituximab intravenously (IV) on days 8, 15, 22, and 29 in cycle 1 (33-day cycle). In cycle 2 and subsequent cycles (28-day cycle), patients receive alemtuzumab SC on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26 and standard-dose rituximab IV on days 3, 10, 17, and 24. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles.
  • Arm B: Patients receive alemtuzumab as in arm A. Patients also receive low-dose rituximab IV on days 6, 8, 10, 13, 15, 17, 20, 22, 24, 27, 29, and 31 in cycle 1 and on days 1, 3, 5, 8, 10, 12, 15, 17, 19, 22, 24, and 26 in cycless 2 and 3. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 3 cycles.

Blood and bone marrow samples are collected periodically for cytogenetic and biomarker analysis.

Alemtuzumab dose for Cycle 1 Week 1 of both Arms A and B requires a 'dose ramp' (3 mg day 1, 10 mg day2, and 30 mg day 3 of cycle 1).

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up periodically for 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Diagnosis of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) meeting the following criteria:

    • Minimum threshold peripheral lymphocyte count of 5 x 10^9/L (CLL variant) OR palpable adenopathy > 1 cm or palpable splenomegaly 9small lymphocytic lymphoma [SLL] variant)
    • Immunophenotypic demonstrations of a population of B-lymphocytes (as defined by CD19+) that are monoclonal (by light-chain exclusion) AND have ≥ 3 of the following characteristics:

      • CD5+
      • CD23+
      • Dim surface light chain expression
      • Dim surface CD20 expression
    • FISH analysis is negative for immunoglobulin heavy chain/cyclin D1 gene (IGH/CCND1) and/or immunostaining is negative for cyclin D1 expression (to exclude mantle cell lymphoma)
  • Progressive, symptomatic CLL, defined by at least one of the following:

    • Weight loss > 10% within the past 6 months attributable to progressive CLL (grade 2 or higher)
    • Extreme fatigue attributable to progressive CLL (grade 3 or higher)
    • Fevers > 100.5° F for 2 weeks without evidence of infection (grade 1 or higher)
    • Night sweats without evidence of infection (drenching)
    • Evidence of progressive bone marrow failure with hemoglobin < 11 g/dL or platelet count < 100 x 10^9/L
    • Rapidly progressive lymphadenopathy for which the largest node is ≤ 5 cm in any dimension

      • Largest lymph nodes involved in the neck, axilla, and groin need to be measured and followed for response

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Prior treatment for CLL
  • Massive splenomegaly > 6 cm below left costal margin, at rest, on clinical examination
  • Lymphadenopathy > 5 cm in any diameter
  • New York Heart Association class III or IV heart disease
  • Recent myocardial infarction (within the past month)
  • Uncontrolled infection
  • Infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)
  • Serological evidence of active hepatitis B infection (HBsAg or HBeAg positive)
  • Positive hepatitis C serology
  • Evidence of active autoimmune hemolytic anemia, immune thrombocytopenia, or pure red blood cell aplasia
  • Other active primary malignancy requiring treatment or that limits survival to ≤ 2 years, except for in situ carcinoma of the cervix or breast or non-metastatic basal cell or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin
  • Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to pre-registration
  • Concomitant use of continuous systemic corticosteroids

    • Prior corticosteroids are allowed but not at time of pre-registration to the study
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01013961

  Show 102 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Investigators
Study Chair: Clive S. Zent, MD University of Rochester
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group ( ECOG-ACRIN Cancer Research Group )
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01013961     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: E1908  E1908  U10CA180794 
Study First Received: November 13, 2009
Results First Received: December 22, 2015
Last Updated: February 1, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group:
chronic lymphocytic leukemia
small lymphocytic lymphoma
CLL
elderly
low dose rituximab
alemtuzumab
monoclonal antibodies

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Lymphocytic, Chronic, B-Cell
Leukemia, Lymphoid
Immune System Diseases
Immunoproliferative Disorders
Leukemia, B-Cell
Lymphatic Diseases
Lymphoproliferative Disorders
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Alemtuzumab
Rituximab
Antineoplastic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Immunologic Factors
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on February 04, 2016