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Bevacizumab, Temozolomide, and External Beam Radiation Therapy as First-Line Therapy in Treating Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme or Gliosarcoma

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01013285
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 13, 2009
Results First Posted : September 21, 2020
Last Update Posted : September 21, 2020
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center

Brief Summary:

RATIONALE: Monoclonal antibodies, such as bevacizumab, can block tumor growth in different ways. Some block the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Others find tumor cells and help kill them or carry tumor-killing substances to them. Bevacizumab may also stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking blood flow to the tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as temozolomide, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving bevacizumab together with temozolomide and radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells.

PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying the side effects and how well giving bevacizumab together with temozolomide and external beam radiation therapy works when given as first-line therapy in treating patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme or gliosarcoma.


Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Brain and Central Nervous System Tumors Biological: bevacizumab Drug: temozolomide Radiation: external beam radiation therapy Phase 2

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

Primary

  • To investigate the safety and tolerability of bevacizumab in combination with temozolomide and external beam fractionated regional radiotherapy as first-line treatment in patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme or gliosarcoma. (Pilot phase)
  • To estimate the overall survival of patients treated with this regimen. (Expansion phase)

Secondary

  • To further investigate the safety and tolerability of this regimen in these patients. (Expansion phase)
  • To isolate DNA, RNA, and protein from frozen and paraffin-embedded archival tumor samples for evaluations, such as immunohistochemical pathway profiling of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-dependent angiogenic pathways, gene expression microarray, and O-6 methylguanine DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) promoter methylation status to define important molecular features of treatment response.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Patients undergo external beam fractionated regional radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week for 6 weeks and receive concurrent oral temozolomide once daily for 6 weeks. Patients also receive bevacizumab IV over 30-90 minutes every 2 weeks beginning on the first day of radiotherapy and continuing in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Beginning 2-5 weeks after completion of radiotherapy, patients receive oral temozolomide on days 1-5. Treatment with temozolomide repeats every 28 days for up to 24 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Blood and frozen and paraffin-embedded tumor tissue samples are collected for biomarker and genetic analysis.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 70 participants
Allocation: N/A
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase II Trial of Bevacizumab in Combination With Temozolomide and Regional Radiation Therapy for Upfront Treatment of Patients With Newly-diagnosed Glioblastoma Multiforme
Study Start Date : June 2006
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2013
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2015


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: bevacizumab, temozolomide, external beam radiation Biological: bevacizumab
Drug: temozolomide
Radiation: external beam radiation therapy



Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Overall Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Time to Disease Progression [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    Progression is defined using Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors Criteria (RECIST v1.0), as a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, or a measurable increase in a non-target lesion, or the appearance of new lesions.

  2. Progression-free Survival at 6 Months [ Time Frame: 6 months ]
    participants who were alive and disease progression free at 6 months

  3. Radiographic Response (When Evaluable) [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

    Radiation therapy (RT) median from diagnosis to RT. Patients will have brain MRI evaluation of response and progression every 8 weeks starting from the day 56 scan obtained 2 weeks after completion of radiation and daily temozolomide and assessment will be conducted on a 7-point scale. This scale is expected to be more useful in this study because many newly-diagnosed patients are likely not to have evaluable disease due to gross total resections. Determination of whether progression occurs based on the day 56 scan will take into account the untreated window between baseline MRI and day of 1 of study.

    7 Point Likert Scale: 3 to -3, 3 means complete resolution of tumor, and -3 means new lesion. A -2 or -3 assessment will be taken as tumor progression.

    complete resolution of tumor: 3

    tumor resolved 3 tumor definitely smaller: 2 tumor probably smaller: 1 tumor unchanged: 0 tumor probably worse: -1 tumor definitely worse: -2 New Lesion: -3


  4. Median Overall Survival (OS) Based on the MGMT Promoter Methylation Status [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
    IDH1 and MGMT methylation are important independent prognostic biomarkers that have to be included in a Cox regression model. In addition, subgroup analysis could reveal differential sensitivities to the treatment arm. The MGMT promoter methylation status, IDH1 mutation status were not available for all of the control samples. Therefore, only the samples with both info available were included in the analysis. Baseline analysis results are included in the Baseline Characteristics module.



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed intracranial glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) or gliosarcoma.
  • Prior histologic diagnosis of low-grade glioma allowed provided it has been upgraded to GBM after repeat resection
  • Has undergone surgery to collect tumor tissue 3-6 weeks ago
  • Measurable or assessable disease is not required
  • Karnofsky performance status 60-100%
  • Life expectancy > 8 weeks
  • White Blood Cell (WBC) ≥ 3,000/mm³
  • Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1,500/mm³
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm³
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 10 g/dL (transfusion allowed)
  • Serum Glutamate Oxaloacetate Transaminase (SGOT) < 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Bilirubin < 2.5 times ULN
  • INR (international normalized ratio) ≤ 1.5 times ULN (except if on therapeutic anticoagulation therapy)
  • aPTT (activated partial thromboplastin time) ≤ 1.5 times ULN (except if on therapeutic anticoagulation therapy)
  • Creatinine < 1.5 mg/dL
  • Urine protein:creatinine ratio < 1.0
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • More than 28 days since prior major surgical procedures or open biopsy (other than craniotomy)
  • More than 7 days since prior minor surgical procedures (e.g., placement of PortoCath (port-a-cath - a port placed under the subjects skin), stereotactic biopsy, fine-needle aspirations, or core biopsies)
  • More than 4 weeks since prior and no concurrent participation in another experimental drug study.
  • Prior or concurrent corticosteroids, anti-epileptic drugs, analgesics, or other drugs to treat symptoms or prevent complications are allowed
  • Concurrent full-dose warfarin or its equivalent (i.e., unfractionated and/or low molecular weight heparin) allowed

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unstable angina
  • BP > 150/100 mm Hg
  • New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II-IV congestive heart failure
  • myocardial infarction within the past 6 months
  • stroke within the past 6 months
  • clinically significant peripheral vascular disease
  • evidence of bleeding diathesis or coagulopathy
  • intracerebral abscess within past 6 months
  • abdominal fistula, gastrointestinal perforation, or intra-abdominal abscess within the past 6 months
  • serious, non-healing wound, ulcer, or bone fracture
  • Any wound requiring surgical intervention (including scalp wounds requiring cranioplasty) allowed provided the wound is clean and without further infection post-surgical intervention
  • significant traumatic injury within the past 28 days
  • concurrent serious uncontrolled medical illness including, but not limited to, the following:
  • Ongoing or active infection requiring IV antibiotics
  • Psychiatric illness/social situation that would limit compliance with study requirements
  • Disorders associated with significant immunocompromised state (e.g., HIV, systemic lupus erythematosus)
  • other cancer within the past 3 years, except nonmelanoma skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • disease that would obscure toxicity or dangerously alter drug metabolism
  • significant medical illness that, in the investigator's opinion, cannot be adequately controlled with appropriate therapy or would compromise the patient's ability to tolerate study therapy
  • prior radiotherapy to the brain
  • prior cytotoxic or non-cytotoxic drug therapy or experimental drug therapy for the brain tumor
  • prior Gliadel wafers
  • concurrent participation in any other clinical trial
  • concurrent GM-CSF (granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor)
  • concurrent stereotactic radiosurgery or brachytherapy
  • concurrent major surgical procedure
  • other concurrent anticancer therapy, including chemotherapy, hormonal therapy, radiotherapy, or immunotherapy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01013285


Locations
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United States, California
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90095-1781
Sponsors and Collaborators
Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
Investigators
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Principal Investigator: Albert Lai, MD Ronald Reagan University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) Medical Center
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Responsible Party: Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01013285    
Other Study ID Numbers: 11-000558
UCLA-0604016
AVF3770s
CDR0000628787
GENENTECH-UCLA-0604016
First Posted: November 13, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 21, 2020
Last Update Posted: September 21, 2020
Last Verified: April 2016
Keywords provided by Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center:
adult giant cell glioblastoma
adult gliosarcoma
adult glioblastoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Glioblastoma
Gliosarcoma
Nervous System Neoplasms
Central Nervous System Neoplasms
Astrocytoma
Glioma
Neoplasms, Neuroepithelial
Neuroectodermal Tumors
Neoplasms, Germ Cell and Embryonal
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms, Nerve Tissue
Neoplasms by Site
Nervous System Diseases
Bevacizumab
Temozolomide
Antineoplastic Agents, Immunological
Antineoplastic Agents
Angiogenesis Inhibitors
Angiogenesis Modulating Agents
Growth Substances
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Growth Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action