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Adherence to Self-care Regimens for Young People With Food Allergy

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT01006382
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : November 2, 2009
Last Update Posted : June 22, 2011
Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
Information provided by:
Brighton & Sussex Medical School

Brief Summary:

Anaphylaxis is a severe and potentially life threatening allergic reaction which can affect the airway, breathing and/or circulation. This reaction can be triggered by a number of different allergens but the most common are food, medications, insect venom and latex. Because these reactions occur suddenly and are potentially very serious, the best management lies in the correct use of the prescribed emergency medication. Epinephrine, or adrenaline as it is more commonly known, is the recommended drug for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Injecting the epinephrine into the outer thigh muscle is the preferred route of administration. For health professionals, patients and carers, this rapid administration is facilitated by the manufacture of preloaded syringes and autoinjectors. Despite the availability of these devices, a review of studies shows poor knowledge and skills amongst both health professionals and patients with regards to using autoinjectable epinephrine devices correctly. These studies found that as well as poor knowledge in using the autoinjectors, there was a lack of confidence amongst patients and an unwillingness to carry the device with them at all times.

In other disease groups like asthma and diabetes, psychological models which involve asking people how they think about their illness and their related behaviours, have been found to help in the understanding of why some people follow or adhere to health professionals advice and why others do not. Based on these findings, this study will look at two appropriate psychological models and their ability to predict variation in adherence to self-care regimens in adolescents and young adults with food allergy related anaphylaxis.

Condition or disease
Food Allergy

  Show Detailed Description

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Study Type : Observational
Estimated Enrollment : 275 participants
Time Perspective: Cross-Sectional
Official Title: To What Extent do Social Cognition Models Explain Adherence to Self-care Regimens in Adolescents and Young Adults With Food Allergy
Study Start Date : January 2010
Actual Primary Completion Date : March 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : March 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Adolescents and young adults with food allergy
Adolescents aged 13-21 years with a diagnosis of food allergy

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Self-reported adherence to self-care regimens of adolescents and young adults with food allergy [ Time Frame: Upon receipt of questionnaire ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 21 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Non-Probability Sample
Study Population
Hospital and community sample

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Aged between 13-21 years
  • Diagnosis of food allergy
  • Prescription of an epinephrine auto-injector

Exclusion Criteria:

  • If participants are unable to write or understand English

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT01006382

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United Kingdom
Brighton & Sussex Medical School
Brighton, East Sussex, United Kingdom, BN1 9PH
Brighton General Hospital
Brighton, East Sussex, United Kingdom, BN2 3EW
Royal Alexandra Children's Hospital
Brighton, East Sussex, United Kingdom, BN2 5BE
St Thomas' Hospital
London, United Kingdom, SE1 7EH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Brighton & Sussex Medical School
Brighton and Sussex University Hospitals NHS Trust
Guy's and St Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust
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Principal Investigator: Christina J Jones, BA MSc Brighton & Sussex Medical School

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Responsible Party: Miss Christina Jones, Brighton & Sussex Medical School Identifier: NCT01006382     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 09/H1102/100
First Posted: November 2, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: June 22, 2011
Last Verified: October 2009

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Food Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Hypersensitivity, Immediate