Comparison of NN1250 With Insulin Glargine in Type 2 Diabetes (BEGIN™)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier:
First received: October 30, 2009
Last updated: December 20, 2013
Last verified: December 2013

This trial is conducted in Africa, Asia, Europe and South America. The aim of this clinical trial is to compare NN1250 (insulin degludec (IDeg) with insulin glargine (IGlar) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Subjects treated with oral antidiabetic drug(s) (OAD(s)) should continue their current OAD treatment at the stable, prerandomisation dose level and dosing frequency.

Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Drug: insulin degludec
Drug: insulin glargine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A 26 Week Randomised, Controlled, Open Label, Multicentre, Multinational, Three-arm, Treat to Target Trial Comparing Efficacy and Safety of Three Different Dosing Regimens of Either Soluble Insulin Basal Analogue (SIBA) or Insulin Glargine With or Without Combination With OAD Treatment, in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (BEGIN™ : FLEX)

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Novo Nordisk A/S:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Glycosylated Haemoglobin (HbA1c) [ Time Frame: Week 0, Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Mean of 9-point Self Measured Plasma Glucose Profile (SMPG) [ Time Frame: Week 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rate of Confirmed Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 26 + 7 days follow up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rate of Nocturnal Confirmed Hypoglycaemic Episodes [ Time Frame: Week 0 to Week 26 + 7 days follow up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 687
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: September 2010
Primary Completion Date: September 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: IDeg OD FF Drug: insulin degludec
Injected s.c. (under the skin) once daily (alternative regimen). Dose was individually adjusted.
Experimental: IDeg OD Drug: insulin degludec
Injected s.c. (under the skin) once daily. Dose was individually adjusted.
Experimental: IGlar OD Drug: insulin glargine
Insulin glargine injected s.c. (under the skin) once daily. Dose was individually adjusted.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Type 2 diabetes mellitus (diagnosed clinically) for at least 6 months
  • Current treatment: oral anti-diabetic drug(s) (OAD(s)) alone, basal insulin alone or the combination of OAD(s) and basal insulin. Allowed OADs are: Metformin, insulin secretagogues (sulphonylureas (SU) or glinides), pioglitazone with unchanged dosing for at least 3 months prior to Visit 1
  • HbA1c: OADs only users 7.0-11.0 % (both inclusive), basal insulin with/without OADs users 7.0-10.0% (both inclusive) by central laboratory analysis
  • Body Mass Index (BMI) below or equal to 40.0 kg/m^2

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Cancer and medical history of cancer hereof
  • Use within the last 3 months prior to Visit 1 of: glucagon-like peptide-1(GLP-1) receptor agonist (exenatide, liraglutide), rosiglitazone, dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors, alpha-glucosidase-inhibitors
  • Cardiovascular disease, within the last 6 months prior to Visit 1, defined as: stroke; decompensated heart failure New York Heart Association (NYHA) class III or IV; myocardial infarction; unstable angina pectoris; or coronary arterial bypass graft or angioplasty
  • Uncontrolled treated/untreated severe hypertension (systolic blood pressure at least 180 millimetre (mm) mercury (Hg) and/or diastolic blood pressure at least 100 mmHg)
  • Pregnancy, breast-feeding, the intention of becoming pregnant or not using adequate contraceptive measures according to local requirements
  • Cancer and medical history of cancer hereof (except basal cell skin cancer and squamous cell skin cancer)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01006291

Buenos Aires, Argentina, C1425AGC
Tampere, Finland, FI-33520
Budapest, Hungary, 1041
New Dehli, New Delhi, India, 110024
Kfar Saba, Israel, 44281
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of
Skopje, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of, 1000
Putrajaya, Malaysia, 62250
Mexico City, México, D.F., Mexico, 03300
Hamar, Norway, 2317
Russian Federation
Moscow, Russian Federation, 117036
Belgrade, Serbia, 11000
South Africa
Johannesburg, Gauteng, South Africa, 1829
Taipei, Taiwan, 114
United Kingdom
Belfast, United Kingdom, BT16 1RH
Sponsors and Collaborators
Novo Nordisk A/S
Study Director: Global Clinical Registry (GCR, 1452) Novo Nordisk A/S
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by Novo Nordisk A/S

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Novo Nordisk A/S Identifier: NCT01006291     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NN1250-3668, U1111-1111-7084, 2008-005771-10
Study First Received: October 30, 2009
Last Updated: December 20, 2013
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
Russia: Pharmacological Committee, Ministry of Health
Israel: Israeli Health Ministry Pharmaceutical Administration
Finland: Finnish Medicines Agency
Norway: Norwegian Medicines Agency
Serbia: Agency for Drugs and Medicinal Devices
India: Ministry of Health
Malaysia: Ministry of Health
Hungary: National Institute of Pharmacy
Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of: Drug Agency, Ministry of Health
South Africa: Medicines Control Council
Taiwan: Department of Health, Executive Yuan, R.O.C.
Argentina: Administracion Nacional de Medicamentos, Alimentos y Tecnologia
Mexico: National Institute of Public Health, Health Secretariat

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Endocrine System Diseases
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Insulin, Long-Acting
Hypoglycemic Agents
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs processed this record on October 02, 2015