Working…
ClinicalTrials.gov
ClinicalTrials.gov Menu

Confirmatory Study of 17P vs Vehicle for Prevention of Preterm Birth in Women w/ Previous Spontaneous Preterm Delivery (PROLONG)

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
 
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004029
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 29, 2009
Results First Posted : January 28, 2021
Last Update Posted : January 28, 2021
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
ResearchPoint Global
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

Brief Summary:
As part of the continuing effort to study the benefit and risks of 17P and preterm delivery, this study is designed as a multi-center, randomized, double-blind, vehicle-controlled clinical trial of 17P for the prevention of preterm birth prior to 35 weeks, 0 days of gestation in women with a singleton pregnancy, aged 18 years or older, with a previous singleton spontaneous preterm delivery. The study also includes a population pharmacokinetic (PK) substudy to assess the hydroxyprogesterone caproate (HPC) exposure-response relationship and the effect of body mass index (BMI) on the PK of 17P.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Preterm Birth Drug: Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate Injection (HPC), 250mg/mL Drug: Vehicle Phase 3

Detailed Description:
One of the most significant risk factors for preterm birth is previous pregnancy history. Women who have had a prior preterm birth have a 2.5-fold greater risk than women with no prior history of preterm birth. Prophylactic methods for prevention of preterm birth, including tocolytic drugs, bed rest, and other interventions such as cerclage, have been shown in most studies to be ineffective. One of the preventive measures that has shown effectiveness in randomized trials is the use of progesterone agents.9,10 Progesterone has been shown to support gestation and to inhibit uterine activity.

Layout table for study information
Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 1740 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase 3B, Multi-Center, Randomized, Double-Blind Study of Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate (HPC) Injection, 250 mg/mL, Versus Vehicle for the Prevention of Preterm Birth in Women With a Previous Singleton Spontaneous Preterm Delivery
Actual Study Start Date : October 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : October 2018
Actual Study Completion Date : October 2018

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Placebo Comparator: Vehicle
Castor Oil
Drug: Vehicle
Weekly intramuscular injections of 1 mL vehicle inert oil until 36 weeks, 6 days of gestation or delivery, whichever occurs first.
Other Name: Placebo

Active Comparator: Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate Injection (HPC), 250 mg/mL
HPC 250 mg/mL in oil
Drug: Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate Injection (HPC), 250mg/mL
1 mL intramuscular injection every week until 36 weeks, 6 days of gestation or delivery, whichever occurs first.
Other Names:
  • Makena
  • 17P




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Preterm Birth <35 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 35 weeks ]
    Determine if treatment with 17P reduces the rate of preterm birth < 35 weeks, 0 days of gestation in women with a previous singleton spontaneous preterm delivery.

  2. Neonatal Composite Index (NCI) [ Time Frame: Until 28 days of life or discharge from the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU), whichever occurred later. ]
    The composite index is defined as a liveborn neonate with any of the following occurring at any time during the birth hospitalization up through discharge from the NICU: neonatal death, grade 3 or 4 intraventricular hemorrhage, respiratory distress syndrome, bronchopulmonary dysplasia, necrotizing enterocolitis or proven sepsis.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Fetal/Early Infant Death [ Time Frame: Delivery from 16 weeks 0 days through 19 weeks 6 days of gestation; or neonatal death occurring in liveborns born at less than 24 weeks gestation; or stillbirth (antepartum or intrapartum death) from 20 weeks gestation through term). ]
    Defined as spontaneous abortion/miscarriage (delivery from 16 weeks 0 days through 19 weeks 6 days of gestation) or neonatal death occurring in liveborns born at less than 24 weeks gestation or stillbirth (antepartum or intrapartum death from 20 weeks gestation through term), in the 17P group compared to the vehicle group

  2. Preterm Birth Prior to 32 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 32 weeks ]
  3. Preterm Birth Prior to 37 Weeks Gestation [ Time Frame: Up to 37 weeks ]
  4. Stillbirths [ Time Frame: 20 weeks gestation until term ]
    Defined as all stillbirths/fetal deaths/in utero fetal losses occurring from 20 weeks gestation until term.

  5. Neonatal Deaths With ≥24 Weeks Gestational Age [ Time Frame: Until 28 days of life or discharge from the NICU whichever occurred later. ]
    Neonatal death (from minutes after birth until 28 days of life) occurring in liveborns born at 24 weeks gestation or greater



Information from the National Library of Medicine

Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contacts provided below. For general information, Learn About Clinical Studies.


Layout table for eligibility information
Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

Each subject must meet the following criteria to be enrolled in this study:

  1. Age ≥ 18 years.
  2. Singleton gestation.
  3. Project gestational age 16 weeks 0 days of gestation or more and less than or equal to 20 weeks 6 days of gestation at the time of randomization, based on clinical information and evaluation of the first ultrasound.
  4. Documented history of a previous singleton spontaneous preterm delivery. Spontaneous preterm birth is defined as delivery from 20 weeks 0 days to 36 weeks 6 days of gestation following spontaneous preterm labor or pPROM. Where possible, the gestational age of the previous preterm birth (referred to as the qualifying delivery) should be determined as described in "Gestational Age Determination". If the gestational age at delivery is obtained directly from the medical record and more than one gestational age appears, the latest will be used. As a validation of the gestational age of the previous delivery, if the infant weighed more than 3300 grams (the birth weight 90th percentile for 36 weeks gestational age), this will not qualify as preterm. The previous preterm delivery cannot be an antepartum stillbirth.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Multifetal gestation.
  2. Known major fetal anomaly or fetal demise. An ultrasound examination between 14 weeks 0 days through 20 weeks 3 days of gestation must be performed to rule out fetal anomalies.
  3. Progesterone treatment in any form (i.e., vaginal, oral, intramuscular) during current pregnancy, other than micronized progesterone delivered orally or vaginally provided it is stopped at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication.
  4. Heparin therapy during current pregnancy or history of thromboembolic disease.
  5. Maternal medical/obstetrical complications including:

    • Current or planned cerclage
    • Hypertension requiring medication
    • Seizure disorder
  6. Subjects with a uterine anomaly (uterine didelphys or bicornate uterus). However, subjects with uterine fibroids are eligible for the study.
  7. Unwillingness to comply with and complete the study.
  8. A 14 weeks 0 days through 20 weeks 3 days of gestation ultrasound cannot be arranged before randomization.
  9. Participation in an antenatal study in which the clinical status or intervention may influence gestational age at delivery.
  10. Participation in this trial in a previous pregnancy. Women who were screened in a previous pregnancy, but not randomized, do not have to be excluded.
  11. Known hypersensitivity to hydroxyprogesterone caproate or its components.
  12. Have any significant medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, would be a contraindication to the use of the drug including those listed in section 5.3.2 of the investigational brochure. Other examples to consider include uncontrolled diabetes, known HIV infection or renal dysfunction.
  13. Have any significant medical disorder that, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude accurate evaluation of the subject's condition or outcome in the study.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT01004029


Locations
Show Show 104 study locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ResearchPoint Global
  Study Documents (Full-Text)

Documents provided by AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
Study Protocol  [PDF] April 6, 2016
Statistical Analysis Plan  [PDF] January 29, 2019

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Layout table for additonal information
Responsible Party: AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01004029    
Other Study ID Numbers: 17P-ES-003
First Posted: October 29, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: January 28, 2021
Last Update Posted: January 28, 2021
Last Verified: January 2021
Keywords provided by AMAG Pharmaceuticals, Inc.:
17P
17-HPC
17-OHPC
17-hydroxyprogesterone caproate
progestogens
preterm birth
recurrent preterm birth
spontaneous preterm birth
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Layout table for MeSH terms
Premature Birth
Obstetric Labor, Premature
Obstetric Labor Complications
Pregnancy Complications
17 alpha-Hydroxyprogesterone Caproate
11-hydroxyprogesterone
Estrogen Antagonists
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Progestins
Hormones