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A Community Health Worker Home Intervention to Improve Pediatric Asthma Outcomes

This study has been completed.
American Lung Association
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Montefiore Medical Center Identifier:
First received: October 27, 2009
Last updated: January 22, 2017
Last verified: December 2012
The investigators propose to test the hypothesis that a home-based asthma intervention, the Wee Wheezers program, delivered by the Community Health Workers and tailored to the needs of the investigators community, will improve anti-inflammatory medication adherence, parental asthma knowledge and management behaviors, which in turn will reduce asthma morbidity (defined as days with asthma symptoms) and health care utilization (defined as asthma-related Emergency Department visits) among low-income, minority children with persistent asthma in the Bronx.

Condition Intervention
Behavioral: Wee Wheezers

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: No masking
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial of a Community Health Worker Home-Based Asthma Intervention

Further study details as provided by Montefiore Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • mean number of asthma symptom days [ Time Frame: baseline and every 8 weeks during the 12-months study period ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • adherence to Inhaled Corticosteroid [ Time Frame: baseline, 4 weeks, 8 weeks, and 12 weeks after beginning of intervention ]
  • asthma-related Emergency Department visits [ Time Frame: baseline, 3-, 6- and 12-months follow-up ]
  • parental asthma knowledge and management behaviors [ Time Frame: baseline, 3-, 6- and 12-months follow-up ]

Enrollment: 188
Study Start Date: July 2009
Study Completion Date: December 2013
Primary Completion Date: December 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Wee Wheezers asthma education
6 lesson asthma education delivered at home by Community Health Workers
Behavioral: Wee Wheezers
The intervention, Wee Wheezers, modified to the needs of the targeted population will include 6 bi-weekly 1 hour educational home visits conducted by Community Health Workers at homes of children with persistent asthma
Other Name: Wee Wheezers at Home

Detailed Description:
Asthma disproportionately burdens low-income inner city and minority children residing in inner cities. Daily use of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) control symptoms and reduce asthma morbidity. Less then 50% of children with persistent asthma adhere to such therapy. Poor adherence to ICS medications is one of the major contributors to asthma morbidity. One way to reduce asthma disparities is to work in partnership with communities. Community Health Workers (CHWs) share the ethnic, cultural, social, and environmental experiences of the people in the community. Although, CHW home interventions have been successful in reducing asthma allergens, no studies using CHWs to deliver a previously identified evidence-based home intervention to improve ICS adherence and health outcomes in a population of inner-city, minority children with persistent asthma have been found. Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness of an evidence-based asthma home intervention, the Wee Wheezers program, tailored to the needs of the community and delivered by CHWs, in improving medication adherence, health outcomes and parental management behaviors among low-income, minority children with persistent asthma in the Bronx.

Ages Eligible for Study:   2 Years to 9 Years   (Child)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • children 2-9 years of age with persistent asthma
  • children being currently prescribed ICS in the Metered Dose Inhaler (MDI) form
  • if the child is 2 years of age at the time of the recruitment, he/she must have at least two prior episodes of wheezing treated and reversible with beta-agonists
  • primary caregiver speaks English or Spanish
  • family has a phone.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • children with other chronic pulmonary diseases (e.g, cystic fibrosis, bronchopulmonary dysplasia) or presence of tracheostomy
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT01003340

United States, New York
Montefiore Medical Group- CHCC
Bronx, New York, United States, 10451
Sponsors and Collaborators
Montefiore Medical Center
American Lung Association
Principal Investigator: Marina Reznik, MD, MS Montefiore Medical Center
  More Information

Responsible Party: Montefiore Medical Center Identifier: NCT01003340     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 07-10-360
Study First Received: October 27, 2009
Last Updated: January 22, 2017
Individual Participant Data  
Plan to Share IPD: No

Keywords provided by Montefiore Medical Center:
community health workers
home intervention

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Bronchial Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lung Diseases, Obstructive
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate
Immune System Diseases processed this record on April 27, 2017