Evaluating Blood Glucose Levels During Infusion With HepaGam B (HBIG) in Post-liver Transplant Patients

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00998426
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 20, 2009
Results First Posted : September 28, 2015
Last Update Posted : September 28, 2015
Cangene Corporation
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Georgetown University

Brief Summary:
HepaGam B Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) solution contains 10% maltose, which could possibly interfere with the measurement of glucose levels when using glucose non-specific tests. The purpose of this study is to determine whether use of HepaGam B HBIG shows an increase in glucose levels in the body using non-specific glucose monitoring, as well as specific glucose monitoring. The sponsor believes that this medication will not cause a significant increase in glucose levels in the body when measured by glucose non-specific tests.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Hepatitis B Procedure: glucose monitoring before and after HepaGam B administration Biological: HepaGam B (Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG)) Phase 4

Detailed Description:


Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG) is used post liver transplantation (OLT) in hepatitis B surface antigen-positive recipients to prevent recurrence of hepatitis B. One formulation of HBIG, HepaGam B, contains the disaccharide maltose, which can potentially falsely elevate glucose readings when glucose nonspecific point of care (GNSPOC) testing is used, such as a glucose dehydrogenase pyrroloquinolinequinone (GDH-PQQ)-based method. This can result in inappropriate administration of antidiabetic agents and resultant episodes of clinically significant hypoglycemia. Glucose specific point of care (GSPOC) testing, such as a glucose oxidase-based method, however, is not affected by the presence of maltose. The purpose of this study was to determine if there was a significant difference in glucose readings using GSPOC and GNSPOC monitoring devices after HBIG administration.


This is a nonrandomized, prospective study evaluating patients receiving maintenance HBIG therapy over 3 months post liver transplantation. Blood glucose levels in each subject were analyzed by GSPOC and GNSPOC devices at specific times around HBIG administration.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 5 participants
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
Official Title: Evaluation of Blood Glucose Levels for Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HepaGam B) Administration
Study Start Date : October 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : September 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : December 2011

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: All study participants
Study procedures will occur one timebetween post-op day 1 and post-op day 7. Study procedures to include blood glucose monitoring prior to and after (various time points for 2 hours after) infusion with HBIG.
Procedure: glucose monitoring before and after HepaGam B administration
Glucose monitoring before and after HepaGam B administration. Prior to receiving the dose of HepaGam B HBIG, blood glucose will be monitored in 3 manners. These will include two finger stick tests, one with a glucose-specific monitoring device and one with a glucose non-specific monitoring device; a venous blood glucose level; and a urine glucose test. Patients will receive the HBIG infusion and then immediately after the dose will have the same blood glucose tests repeated (finger sticks, venous glucose and urine glucose). Then at 60 minutes and 120 minutes after the dose is given, patients will again have finger stick tests with the glucose specific and glucose non-specific monitoring devices.
Other Names:
  • HepaGam B
  • Hepatitis B Immune Globulin

Biological: HepaGam B (Hepatitis B Immune Globulin (HBIG))
Subjects will be given 20,000 IU HepaGam B after the initial blood glucose monitoring, and prior to the post-infusion blood glucose monitoring.

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Differences in Blood Glucose Levels as Measured by GNS-POC, GS-POC and Venous Blood Prior to and After HBIG Injection [ Time Frame: Pre-dose, immediately following, 60 min and 120 min after injection ]
    All participants received GNS-POC, GS-POC and venous blood glucose measurements prior to and after HBIG injection( immediately following, 60 and 120 min post dose).

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • written informed consent
  • HBsAG positive candidates for HBV related liver transplant to be placed on HepaGam B therapy for the prevention of HBV recurrence in both the acute phase (immediately post operative) and the long term maintenance phase
  • at least 18 years of age

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unable or unwilling to provide written informed consent
  • concomitant administration of other maltose containing products such as dietary supplements, dietary aids, IVIG, external peritoneal dialysis solution in both arms
  • concomitant administration of corticosteroids in the long term maintenance phase
  • pregnancy, as determined by a pregnancy test administered after consent has been signed

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00998426

United States, District of Columbia
Georgetown University Hospital
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007
Sponsors and Collaborators
Georgetown University
Cangene Corporation
Principal Investigator: Kirti Shetty, MD Georgetown University

Responsible Party: Georgetown University Identifier: NCT00998426     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 2009-337
First Posted: October 20, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: September 28, 2015
Last Update Posted: September 28, 2015
Last Verified: April 2015

Keywords provided by Georgetown University:
hepatitis B immune globulin
HepaGam B
orthotopic liver transplant

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Virus Diseases
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Immunoglobulins, Intravenous
Rho(D) Immune Globulin
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs