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Randomized Trial Comparing Sirolimus and Tacrolimus Versus Cyclosporine and Methotrexate as Graft-versus-host Disease (GVHD) Prophylaxis After Allogeneic Stem Cell Transplantation

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Jonas Mattsson, Karolinska Institutet Identifier:
First received: October 9, 2009
Last updated: April 13, 2015
Last verified: April 2015
To evaluate if rapamune + tacrolimus immunosuppressive prophylaxis is better than the established therapy using cyclosporine and methotrexate, a Nordic prospective multicenter randomized study will be performed. Patients will be randomized to treatment with rapamune combined with tacrolimus, or the established therapy using cyclosporine and methotrexate.

Condition Intervention Phase
Graft-versus-host Disease
Drug: Sirolimus/tacrolimus
Drug: cyclosporine/methotrexate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Prospective Randomized Study Comparing Rapamune and Tacrolimus vs. Cyclosporine and Methotrexate as Immune Prophylaxis in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Using HLA-A, -B, -DRβ1 Identical Related or Unrelated Donors. A Nordic Multicenter Study.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Karolinska Institutet:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The primary endpoint is grade II-IV acute GVHD [ Time Frame: One year ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Relapse-free survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]
  • Survival [ Time Frame: 2 years ]

Enrollment: 215
Study Start Date: September 2007
Study Completion Date: April 2015
Primary Completion Date: February 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Cyclosporine + Methotreaxte Drug: cyclosporine/methotrexate
Standard GVHD prophylaxis
Active Comparator: sirolimus + tacrolimus Drug: Sirolimus/tacrolimus
Standard GVHD prophylaxis

Detailed Description:

Primary endpoint The primary endpoint is grade II-IV acute GVHD in the two groups. GVHD is diagnosed clinically and graded from 0 to IV. The diagnosis is clinical and biopsies from skin, liver and gut is used according to the routines at each participating center.

Other study parameters

  1. Time to neutrophils >0.5 x 109/L.
  2. Time to platelets >20 x 109/L and 50 x 109/L.
  3. Platelet level 30 days after transplant.
  4. Transfusion requirements of platelets, erythrocytes, granulocyte transfusions during the first 30 days.
  5. Non-engraftment (graft failure/rejection).
  6. Grade of acute GVHD.
  7. Incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease graded as limited or extensive and mild, moderate and severe.
  8. Transplant-related mortality.
  9. Probability of relapse in patients with haematological malignancies.
  10. Survival.
  11. Relapse-free survival.
  12. Infections by bacteria, virus and fungi. Cytomegalovirus reactivation is also followed by PCR.
  13. Side-effects. Side-effects regarding hematopoiesis, liver test, renal function, cardiac function, neurology, endocrinology, etc., are taken from the patients' charts. These parameters are followed regularly after transplantation.

Inclusion criteria Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in 1st or 2nd chronic phase, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in complete remission, myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lymphoma, non-malignant disorders, severe aplastic anemia, hemoglobinopathies and metabolic disorders


Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 75 Years   (Child, Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) in 1st or 2nd chronic phase, acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in complete remission, acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in complete remission, myelodysplastic syndrome, chronic lymphocytic leukemia, lymphoma, non-malignant disorders, severe aplastic anemia, hemoglobinopathies and metabolic disorders

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Recipients of major HLA-mismatched grafts.
  • Patients who are addicted to drugs or alcohol.
  • Patients who receive other stem cell source than bone marrow or peripheral stem cells, for instance cord blood transplants.
  • Patients with relapse or blast crisis of their malignant disease.
  • Prior allogeneic transplant using any hematopoietic stem cell source
  • Seropositive for the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)
  • Uncontrolled bacterial, viral, or fungal infection (progression of clinical symptoms) Pregnant (positive serum human chorionic gonadotropin [β-HCG] test) or breastfeeding within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Kidney function: serum creatinine outside the normal range for age, or measured creatinine clearance less than 40 mL/min/1.72m² within 4 weeks of study entry and proteinuria >0.3 g/day
  • Liver function: most recent direct bilirubin, ALT, or AST greater than two times the upper limit of normal within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Lung disease: in adults, FVC or FEV1 less than 60% of predicted value (corrected for hemoglobin); in children, overt hypoxemia, as measured by an oxygen saturation of less than 92% within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Cardiac ejection fraction of less than 45% in adults and children, or less than 26% shortening fraction in children within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Cholesterol level greater than 300 mg/dL or triglyceride level greater than 300 mg/dL while being treated, or not on appropriate lipid-lowering therapy within 4 weeks of study entry
  • Karnofsky score <70%
  • Prior history of allergy to sirolimus
  • Requires voriconazole at time of study entry
  • Currently receiving another investigational drug unless cleared by the principal investigator and sponsor
  • Patients receiving BuCy as conditioning therapy
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00993343

Karolinska University Hospital
Stockholm, Sweden, 14186
Sponsors and Collaborators
Karolinska Institutet
Principal Investigator: Olle Ringden, M.D. Ph.D. Karolinska Institutet
  More Information

Responsible Party: Jonas Mattsson, Medical Director, Karolinska Institutet Identifier: NCT00993343     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 070101
Study First Received: October 9, 2009
Last Updated: April 13, 2015

Keywords provided by Karolinska Institutet:
stem cell transplantation
Relapse-free survival

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Graft vs Host Disease
Immune System Diseases
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Dermatologic Agents
Antirheumatic Agents
Calcineurin Inhibitors
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Abortifacient Agents, Nonsteroidal
Abortifacient Agents
Reproductive Control Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Folic Acid Antagonists
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors processed this record on May 24, 2017