Liposomal Cytarabine for Central Nervous System (CNS)-Treatment in High-risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
- Replacement of intrathecal Triple (methotrexate, cytarabine, prednisolone) with intrathecal liposomal cytarabine and prednisolone during maintenance therapy will decrease the CNS relapse rate in high-risk ALL patients.
- Both acute and long-term toxicity are equal in both treatment arms.
|Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia||Drug: Liposomal cytarabine Drug: Intrathecal triple||Phase 3|
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Phase III Randomised Study on Liposomal Cytarabine (DepoCyte®) vs. Intrathecal Triple for CNS-Treatment During Maintenance Therapy in High-Risk Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Patients in NOPHO ALL 2008 Treatment Protocol|
- Number of leukemia relapses in the central nervous system [ Time Frame: 5 years ]
- Neurological toxicity [ Time Frame: 6 months after cessation of leukemia therapy ]
|Study Start Date:||January 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||December 2018|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||December 2018 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Liposomal cytarabine
Intrathecal liposomal cytarabine (25 - 50 mg) combined with intrathecal prednisolone sodium succinate and oral dexamethasone 6 times during maintenance treatment for high-risk ALL
Drug: Liposomal cytarabine
Intrathecal liposomal cytarabine combined with intrathecal prednisolone and oral dexamethasone during maintenance treatment for high-risk ALL
Active Comparator: Intrathecal triple
Intrathecal methotrexate, cytarabine and prednisolone
Drug: Intrathecal triple
Intrathecal methotrexate (8-12 mg), cytarabine (20 - 30 mg) and prednisolone sodium succinate (12,5 - 20 mg) 6 times during maintenance treatment in high-risk ALL protocol
20% of children with ALL still fails to be cured. The ALL-2008 protocol is a treatment and research protocol that aims to improve the overall outcome of Nordic children and adolescents with ALL in comparison with the ALL-2000 protocol and previous NOPHO protocols.
The specific and primary objectives of the randomised study is:
- To replace intrathecal triple (methotrexate, cytarabine and glucocorticosteroid) by intrathecal liposomal cytarabine and glucocorticosteroid during maintenance therapy in order to decrease the central nervous system relapse rate in high-risk acute lymphoblastic leukemia patients.
- To evaluate acute and long-term toxicity in both treatment arms.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00991744
|Department of Pediatrics, Rigshospitalet|
|Copenhagen, Denmark, 2100|
|Helsinki University Hospital|
|University of Reykjavik, Iceland|
|University Hospital of Trondheim, Norway|
|Department of Pediatrics, Drottning Sylvias Pediatric Hospital|
|Principal Investigator:||Arja Harila-Saari, MD||Oulu University Hospital|