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The Safety of Transdermal Nicotine Immediately Following an Acute Coronary Syndrome (STADIA)

This study has suspended participant recruitment.
(Difficulties with enrollment.)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
First Posted: October 6, 2009
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2009
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative
Information provided by:
Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital
Continuing to smoke after having a heart attack greatly increases the risk of death and cardiac illness. The nicotine patch is a commonly used pharmacotherapy for smoking cessation and has great potential to help heart attack patients quit smoking. However, due to safety concerns, physicians are often hesitant to prescribe the nicotine patch to patients who have just suffered a heart attack. The STADIA pilot study will assess the feasibility of a large-scale clinical trial investigating safety and efficacy outcomes associated with the nicotine patch immediately following a heart attack. Eligible subjects will be randomized within 48 hours of suffering a heart attack to wear a transdermal nicotine patch on either day 1 or day 2 of the study period. The nicotine patch will deliver nicotine to the patient over the period of 24 hours. Patients will be advised to discuss smoking cessation strategies with their treating physician and subsequent care will be left to the discretion of this physician. The duration of ischemia (loss of blood flow in the heart), patient adherence, incidence of arrhythmia (disorder of the heart rate or rhythm), heart rate, and blood pressure within the two groups will be used to evaluate the safety of transdermal nicotine use immediately after a heart attack.

Condition Intervention
Smoking Cessation Drug: Transdermal nicotine patch

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Safety of Transdermal Nicotine Immediately Following an Acute Coronary Syndrome: The STADIA Pilot Study

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • The total duration of ischemic episodes [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 2 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Patient adherence to study protocol [ Time Frame: Day 1, Day 7, Day 14 ]
  • Incidence of arrhythmia [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 2 ]
  • Heart rate [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 2 ]
  • Systolic and diastolic blood pressure [ Time Frame: Day 1 and Day 2 ]

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: June 2005
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2009
Estimated Primary Completion Date: July 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: Day 1
Patients randomized to wearing the patch on day 1 will apply a patch on the morning of their treatment day and keep it on for 24 hours. These patients will not wear a patch on day 2.
Drug: Transdermal nicotine patch
Subjects will apply the nicotine patch on the morning of their treatment day and will keep it on for 24 hours.
Other Name: Nicoderm CQ, Biovail Pharmaceuticals
Active Comparator: Day 2
Patients randomized to wearing the patch on day 2 will apply a patch on the morning of their treatment day and keep it on for 24 hours. These patients will not wear a patch on day 1.
Drug: Transdermal nicotine patch
Subjects will apply the nicotine patch on the morning of their treatment day and will keep it on for 24 hours.
Other Name: Nicoderm CQ, Biovail Pharmaceuticals

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age ≥ 18 years
  • Current smoker, ≥ 10 cigarettes per day, on average, for the past year
  • Suffered an enzyme-positive ACS (Troponin T, Troponin I, or CK-MD) and planned hospitalization of ≥ 48 hours
  • Motivated to quit smoking

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Current use of any medical therapy for smoking cessation
  • History of alcohol or controlled substance abuse
  • History of severe dermatitis
  • Current diagnosis of unstable psychiatric illness requiring medication
  • Suffered an ACS as a complication of a hospitalization for a different condition (i.e. postoperatively)
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Likely to be unavailable for follow-up
  • Unable to read and understand English or French
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00990197

Canada, Quebec
SMDB Jewish General Hospital
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H3T 1E2
Sponsors and Collaborators
Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital
Canadian Tobacco Control Research Initiative
Principal Investigator: Mark J Eisenberg, MD MPH Jewish General Hospital/McGill University
  More Information

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Responsible Party: Mark J. Eisenberg, MD MPH, Jewish General Hospital/McGill University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00990197     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 05-023
First Submitted: October 5, 2009
First Posted: October 6, 2009
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2009
Last Verified: October 2009

Keywords provided by Sir Mortimer B. Davis - Jewish General Hospital:
Pilot study
Randomized clinical trial
Smoking cessation
Acute coronary syndrome
Transdermal nicotine patch

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acute Coronary Syndrome
Myocardial Ischemia
Heart Diseases
Cardiovascular Diseases
Vascular Diseases
Ganglionic Stimulants
Autonomic Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Nicotinic Agonists
Cholinergic Agonists
Cholinergic Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

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