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Effect of Rosuvastatin on Cytokines After Traumatic Brain Injury

The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details. Identifier: NCT00990028
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : October 6, 2009
Last Update Posted : October 6, 2011
Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto"
Information provided by:
Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí

Brief Summary:
The purpose of this study is to determine whether rosuvastatin could alter the immunological response after head injury by modulating TNF-alpha,IL6,IL-1.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Head Injury Drug: Rosuvastatin Drug: Placebo Phase 1 Phase 2

Detailed Description:

The head injury is a frequent problem of health, which produces high morbid-mortality. Today is the main cause of death and disability between 18 and 40 years. In addition it originates expensive expenses in health care systems.

Head injury produces damage by primary mechanisms related to impact, then by biochemical ways which are activated and they carry to secondary damage. Many studies have been conducted for explaining secondary injury, the majority conclude there is a kind of ischemic lesion related maybe with changes in cerebral flow and metabolism. All these changes are associated to a immunological response. Up to now some drugs are directed to modulate the immunological system, although many of them have been ineffective.

Statins o inhibitors of HMG CoA reductase are drugs used in dyslipidemia, frequently for reduction in LDL. Experimental and clinical studies in stroke have shown improvement in outcome. The toxicity related to statin is myopathy and hepatopathy, both with low incidence without fatal cases. Rosuvastatin has been postulated be the most powerful with longest life and toxicity similar to another statins. Many studies have suggested an important immunomodulator effect after statins administration, The investigators have previously demonstrated the possible effect of statin on amnesia and disorientation improvement with patients who suffered a moderated head injury (Glasgow 9-13). The aim of this new study is to analyze the possible immunomodulator role of statins on head injury.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 40 participants
Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Effect of Rosuvastatin on Immunological Markers After Traumatic Brain Injury: Clinical Randomized Double Blind Study Phase 2
Study Start Date : August 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : July 2011
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2011

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Rosuvastatin
20 mg oral during 10 days
Drug: Rosuvastatin
20 mg oral, for 10 days
Other Name: Crestor

Placebo Comparator: Placebo Drug: Placebo
20 mg vehicle

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Plasmatic levels of cytokines (IL-1B, IL-6, TNF-alfa) (pg/dL) [ Time Frame: Day 3 ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Functional outcome by Disability Rating Scale [ Time Frame: after 3 months ]
  2. change of lesions on CT scan [ Time Frame: 72 hours ]
  3. Determination of CK, AST, ALT [ Time Frame: 3rd and 7th day ]
  4. Amnesia time using GOAT Score [ Time Frame: in-patient follow-up, after 3 months ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years to 60 Years   (Child, Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Man or woman > 16 and < 60 years old with HI less 24 hours in progression and Glasgow between < 13
  • Acceptance of family to participate (first grade)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Previous head injury with severe disability
  • History of neurological or psychiatric disease with severe disability
  • Administration 24 hrs previous of: fibrates, niacin, ciclosporin, azoles, macrolides, inhibitors of protease, nefazodone, verapamil, diltiazem,amiodarone
  • Very poor possibilities for survival
  • Use of Administration of THAM, mannitol, barbiturates, corticosteroids, scavengers of free radicals, inhibitors of lipidic peroxidation, indometacin, calcium antagonist, antagonists of neurotransmitters before randomization
  • isolated lesions in brain stem
  • Allergy to the drug
  • Hepatopathy or myopathy (or) history of this, or clinical data of hepatic disease
  • Management previous in other Hospital
  • Pregnancy

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its identifier (NCT number): NCT00990028

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Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto"
San Luis Potosi, Mexico, 78420
Sponsors and Collaborators
Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí
Hospital Central "Dr. Ignacio Morones Prieto"
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Study Chair: Antonio Gordillo-Moscoso, PhD Clinical Epidemiology UASLP
Principal Investigator: Martin Sanchez-Aguilar, MSc Clinical epidemiology UASLP
Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
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Responsible Party: Dr. Martin Sanchez, Clinical Epidemiology UASLP Identifier: NCT00990028    
Other Study ID Numbers: 28-09ROHI
First Posted: October 6, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: October 6, 2011
Last Verified: October 2009
Keywords provided by Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosí:
moderate head injury
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Brain Injuries
Brain Injuries, Traumatic
Craniocerebral Trauma
Wounds and Injuries
Brain Diseases
Central Nervous System Diseases
Nervous System Diseases
Trauma, Nervous System
Rosuvastatin Calcium
Anticholesteremic Agents
Hypolipidemic Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Lipid Regulating Agents
Hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA Reductase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors