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Web-Based Delivery of MOVE! to Veterans With Serious Mental Illness (SMI) (Web-MOVE!)

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
VA Office of Research and Development Identifier:
First received: September 22, 2009
Last updated: September 15, 2015
Last verified: September 2015
Obesity and physical inactivity have reached epidemic proportions, resulting in increased rates of a variety of chronic diseases, increased risk of death, and substantial health care costs. Individuals with serious mental illness are even more likely to be overweight or obese, which contributes to the high rate of co-morbid medical disease and early mortality found among this population. Specific individual and group-based psychoeducational interventions have repeatedly and consistently been shown to help adults with serious mental illness improve their weight. However, these require substantial time from mental health clinicians, and frequent visits by patients to mental health clinics. This creates challenges for patients who may need to travel to a medical center that provides these services, and who often have limited transportation options. It is likely that these barriers can be addressed with a computerized, web-based intervention focused on diet and exercise education, and tailored for veterans with serious mental illness. Web-based systems can deliver content that is intensive, engaging, and tailored to the needs and preferences of specific patients. Web-based systems can be delivered using computers at community-based outpatient Clinics or other settings in the community. The objective of this project is to develop and evaluate the effectiveness of a web-based intervention to help patients with serious mental illness lose weight.

Condition Intervention
Psychotic Disorders
Health Behaviors
Behavioral: in-person MOVE! SMI
Behavioral: web-based MOVE! SMI

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Web-Based Delivery of MOVE! to Veterans With Serious Mental Illness

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by VA Office of Research and Development:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • BMI, self-efficacy, motivation, readiness to change, dietary habits, physical activity, [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • health related functioning, quality of life, psychopathology, satisfaction and usability of intervention [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • qualitative assessment of satisfaction, usability, strengths, weaknesses, barriers of intervention [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • BMI [ Time Frame: 9 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • BMI [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 276
Study Start Date: March 2012
Study Completion Date: June 2015
Primary Completion Date: June 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1
in-person MOVE! SMI
Behavioral: in-person MOVE! SMI
Individual and group in-person sessions the deliver manualized MOVE! curriculum adapted for use with individuals with cognitive deficits (often found in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI))
Experimental: Arm 2
web-based MOVE! SMI
Behavioral: web-based MOVE! SMI
online sessions the deliver manualized MOVE! curriculum adapted for use with individuals with cognitive deficits (often found in individuals with severe mental illness (SMI))
No Intervention: Arm 3
usual care + educational handouts regarding weight loss

Detailed Description:

Background: Obesity has reached epidemic proportions, and often has serious adverse health consequences. The VA has deployed a "MOVE! Weight Management Program" nationally in the general patient population. Since individuals with serious mental illness (SMI) often have cognitive deficits, specialized psychoeducational interventions are needed in this population. Specialized psychoeducational interventions for weight have been developed and studied in populations with SMI. This evidence-based practice has been adapted for use in VA, resulting in a "MOVE! SMI" intervention. However, it has proven to be quite difficult to disseminate this intervention. Patients with SMI often have limited transportation options, and may not want to participate in groups. Also, in-person MOVE! SMI requires substantial time from mental health clinicians. This clinician time has been difficult to deploy or is not available at many clinic locations. It is likely that these barriers can be addressed with a computerized, web-based version of MOVE! . Specialized web-based approaches have been studied and found to be successful in people with SMI, and can deliver content that is intensive and engaging with minimal requirements for staff time.

Objectives: The VA Network 5 and 22 Mental Illness Research, Education, and Clinical Centers (MIRECCs) have developed a prototype web-based system that provides computerized counseling regarding diet to individuals with SMI. The proposed project expands this system. This project's objectives are to: 1) develop a comprehensive web-based system that delivers MOVE! using design features that meet the needs of individuals with mental illness; 2) evaluate the effectiveness, in patients with serious mental illness, of web-based MOVE! compared with in-person MOVE! and a control group; and, 3) characterize, from the patient's perspective, the strengths, weaknesses, and barriers to the use of in-person and web-based MOVE!.

Methods: This is a prospective, randomized, controlled trial in patients with SMI who are obese and receiving treatment with medications that often have weight gain as a major side-effect. Participants are assigned to in-person MOVE! SMI, web-based MOVE! SMI with support from peer coaches, or a comparison group. Research assessments occur at 0, 3, 6, 9 and 12 months. Changes in outcomes are compared over time between the three groups. Comparative effectiveness is evaluated at 6 months. A secondary objective is to evaluate the extent to which gains are maintained at 9 and 12 months.

Status: The project team developed the needed materials, methods, and informatics systems. Patients have been enrolled, and study enrollment and interventions are now complete. Follow up interviews are complete and the interventions have been evaluated.


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • DSM-IV diagnosis of schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder, bipolar disorder, recurrent major depressive disorder with psychosis, or PTSD;
  • age 18 and over;
  • no psychiatric hospitalization during the month prior to enrollment;
  • receipt of an antipsychotic medication for at least 3 months prior to enrollment;
  • BMI of 30 or higher, or BMI of 28 or higher if 10 pounds of recent weight gain;
  • medical clearance to participate from a VA physician;
  • control over diet.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • any medical condition for which a weight program is contraindicated;
  • history of bariatric surgery;
  • pregnant and nursing mothers;
  • a diagnosis of dementia;
  • not able to provide informed consent by self or legally appointed representative.
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00983476

United States, California
VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West Los Angeles, CA
West Los Angeles, California, United States, 90073
Sponsors and Collaborators
VA Office of Research and Development
Principal Investigator: Alexander Stehle Young, MD MSHS VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System, West Los Angeles, CA
  More Information

Additional Information:
Responsible Party: VA Office of Research and Development Identifier: NCT00983476     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: IIR 09-083 
Study First Received: September 22, 2009
Last Updated: September 15, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by VA Office of Research and Development:
Randomized controlled trial
Comparative Effectiveness
Clinical practice guidelines
Medical Informatics Computing
Services, Mental Health
Psychotic disorders
Mental Health Care

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders processed this record on January 14, 2017