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Evaluation of Effectiveness and Tolerability of Tapentadol Hydrochloride in Subjects With Severe Pain Due to Osteoarthritis Taking WHO Step III Analgesics But Showing a Lack of Tolerability.

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00982280
Recruitment Status : Terminated (Slow Recruitment and supply of Investigational Medicinal Product Issues)
First Posted : September 23, 2009
Results First Posted : December 14, 2011
Last Update Posted : December 14, 2011
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Grünenthal GmbH

Brief Summary:
The main objective of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness, tolerability, and safety of tapentadol hydrochloride prolonged release (PR) in participants suffering from severe chronic pain due to osteoarthritis of the knee who are taking WHO Step III analgesics and show lack of tolerability. This is a clinical effectiveness trial designed to establish a link between anticipated clinical outcomes and the clinical practice by means of selected measures of clinical and subject-reported outcome. The trial will compare the effectiveness of previous analgesic treatment (WHO Step III) with that of tapentadol hydrochloride PR treatment during defined periods of evaluation.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Chronic Pain Osteoarthritis Drug: Tapentadol PR Phase 3

Detailed Description:

The trial will last up to 13 weeks for each subject and includes:

  • One week of observation under previous analgesic treatment.
  • Twelve weeks of treatment with tapentadol hydrochloride PR.

Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 82 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: An Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Tolerability of Tapentadol Hydrochloride Prolonged Release, and Tapentadol Hydrochloride Immediate Release on Demand, in Subjects With Severe Chronic Pain Due to Osteoarthritis of the Knee Taking WHO Step III Analgesics But Showing a Lack of Tolerability.
Study Start Date : September 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : May 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : August 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine


Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Tapentadol
Tapentadol PR was given orally twice a day. A maximum of 2 oral Tapentadol IR tablets per day, with a minimum of a 4 hour interval between doses, were taken if there were acute pain episodes. The total daily dose of Tapentadol PR and IR were not permitted to exceed 500 mg per day.
Drug: Tapentadol PR

Tapentadol Prolonged Release (PR) Titration and Optimal Dose Period: Starting at 50 mg, 100 mg or 150 mg Tapentadol PR twice daily, adjusting at 50 mg PR steps (upwards or downwards) as necessary to achieve a balance between pain relief and a satisfactory level of tolerability. Participants were not permitted to exceed 500 mg of Tapentadol per day.

Maintenance Period: Participants continuing on the dose established in the previous period.

Other Names:
  • Nucynta
  • Palexia




Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. Responder Rate [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    Participants were considered responders if they reported the same or less average pain intensity over a 3 day period after 6 weeks of tapentadol PR treatment as with their previous analgesic treatment.


Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. Average Pain Intensity Before the Start of Tapentadol Treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    For this pain assessment, the participant was to indicate the level of average pain experienced over the previous 3 days on an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) where a score of 0 indicated "no pain" and a score of 10 indicated "pain as bad as you can imagine".

  2. Change in Average Pain Intensity After 6 Weeks of Tapentadol PR Treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline; Week 6 (6 weeks) ]
    For this pain assessment, the participant was to indicate the level of average pain experienced over the previous 3 days on an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) where a score of 0 indicated "no pain" and a score of 10 indicated "pain as bad as you can imagine". The value indicates the change from the baseline value on the 0 to 10 scale. A Negative value indicates a reduction in pain intensity from the baseline average pain intensity.

  3. Change in Average Pain Intensity After 12 Weeks of Tapentadol PR Treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline; Week 12 (12 weeks) ]
    For this pain assessment, the participant was to indicate the level of average pain experienced over the previous 3 days on an 11-point Numerical Rating Scale(NRS) where a score of 0 indicated "no pain" and a score of 10 indicated "pain as bad as you can imagine". The value indicates the change from the baseline value on the 0 to 10 scale. A Negative value indicates a reduction in pain intensity from the baseline average pain intensity.

  4. Baseline Western Ontario McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) Global Score Assessing Pain, Disability and Joint Stiffness of the Knee [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Western Ontario McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) Global Score: WOMAC is measured with a Likert ordinal scale (the participant gives one of 5 possible answers) A higher score indicate that a symptom is bothersome or disabling. The WOMAC is a self-administered questionnaire and has 24 questions: Pain, Stiffness and Physical Function. The possible scores range from 0-20 for pain, 0-8 for stiffness, 0-68 for physical function and these are then summed 0-96 for the global score. A lower score indicates a lower level of symptoms and or disability.

  5. Change From Baseline in the Western Ontario McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) Global Score Assessing Pain, Disability and Joint Stiffness of the Knee Over the Last Week at Week 6 [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    The WOMAC is a self-administered questionnaire and has 24 questions: Pain, Stiffness and Physical Function. The possible scores range from 0-20 for pain, 0-8 for stiffness, 0-68 for physical function and these are then summed 0-96 for the global score. The negative value indicates that there has been an improvement since baseline, the higher the value the greater the change since baseline.

  6. Change From Baseline in the Western Ontario McMaster Questionnaire (WOMAC) Global Score Assessing Pain, Disability and Joint Stiffness of the Knee Over the Last Week at Week 12 [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The WOMAC is a self-administered questionnaire and has 24 questions: Pain, Stiffness and Physical Function. The possible scores range from 0-20 for pain, 0-8 for stiffness, 0-68 for physical function and these are then summed 0-96 for the global score. The negative value indicates that there has been an improvement since baseline, the higher the value the greater the change since baseline.

  7. EuroQol-5 (EQ-5D) Health Status Index Outcome Over Time [ Time Frame: 6 weeks ]
    The participant scored the EuroQol-5. This is a five dimensional health state classification. Each dimension is assessed on a 3-point ordinal scale (1=no problems, 2=some problems, 3=extreme problems). The responses to the five EQ-5D dimensions were scored using a utility-weighted algorithm to derive an EQ-5D health status index score between 0 to 1, with 1.00 indicating "full health" and 0 representing dead. The positive values indicate that during the study the health status improved.

  8. EuroQol-5 (EQ-5D) Health Status Index Outcome Over Time [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
    The participant scored the EuroQol-5. This is a five dimensional health state classification. Each dimension is assessed on a 3-point ordinal scale (1=no problems, 2=some problems, 3=extreme problems). The responses to the five EQ-5D dimensions were scored using a utility-weighted algorithm to derive an EQ-5D health status index score between 0 to 1, with 1.00 indicating "full health" and 0 representing dead. The positive values indicate that during the study the health status improved.

  9. Change in Health Related Quality of Life: EuroQol-5D Health State Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: 6 Weeks ]
    EuroQoL-5D Health State Visual Analog Scale (VAS) is a participant rated questionnaire to assess health-related quality of life in terms of a single index value. The VAS component rates current health state on a scale from 0 (worst imaginable health state) to 100 (best imaginable health state); higher scores indicate a better health state. The values indicated represent the change from the baseline, a positive value indicates an improvement.

  10. Change in Health Related Quality of Life: EuroQol-5D Health State Visual Analog Scale (VAS) [ Time Frame: 12 Weeks ]
    EuroQoL-5D Health State Visual Analog Scale (VAS) is a participant rated questionnaire to assess health-related quality of life in terms of a single index value. The VAS component rates current health state on a scale from 0 (worst imaginable health state) to 100 (best imaginable health state); higher scores indicate a better health state. The values indicated represent the change from the baseline, a positive value indicates an improvement.

  11. Clinical Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: Baseline; End of Week 6 (6 Weeks) ]
    In the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGIC) the clinician indicates the perceived change over the treatment period. The clinician is requested to choose one of seven categories. Scores range from very much improved to very much worse.

  12. Clinical Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: Baseline; End of Week 12 (12 Weeks) ]
    In the Clinical Global Impression of Change (CGIC) the clinician indicates the perceived change over the treatment period. The clinician is requested to choose one of seven categories. Scores range from very much improved to very much worse.

  13. Patient Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: Baseline; End of Week 6 (6 Weeks) ]
    In the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) the participant indicates the perceived change over the treatment period. The participant is requested to choose one of seven categories. Scores range from very much improved to very much worse.

  14. Patient Global Impression of Change [ Time Frame: Baseline; End of Week 12 (12 Weeks) ]
    In the Patient Global Impression of Change (PGIC) the participant indicates the perceived change over the treatment period. The participant is requested to choose one of seven categories. Scores range from very much improved to very much worse.

  15. Participant's Satisfaction With Previous Analgesic Treatment. [ Time Frame: Baseline ]
    Participants were requested to rate their previous analgesic medication on a 5-point scale. Previous medication was rated as excellent, very good, good, fair and poor.

  16. Participant's Satisfaction With New Analgesic Treatment, i.e Tapentadol. [ Time Frame: After 6 weeks ]
    Participants were requested to rate their tapentadol (new) analgesic medication on a 5-point scale. The medication was rated as excellent, very good, good, fair and poor.

  17. Participant's Satisfaction With New Analgesic Treatment, i.e Tapentadol. [ Time Frame: After 12 weeks ]
    Participants were requested to rate their tapentadol (new) analgesic medication on a 5-point scale. The medication was rated as excellent, very good, good, fair and poor.

  18. Mean Equipotency Ratio of Tapentadol Compared to Buprenorphine [ Time Frame: Baseline; End of Week 6 (6 Weeks) ]
    Tapentadol was compared to Transdermal Buprenorphine with Buprenorphine set to 1. The average total daily dose of Tapentadol at which a pain score equivalent or below to the pain score at the end of observation period under Transdermal Buprenorphine was reached was documented as the equipotent or equianalgesic dose to the total daily dose of the previously used Transdermal Buprenorphine.

  19. Mean Equipotency Ratio of Tapentadol Compared to Oxycodone [ Time Frame: Baseline; End of Week 6 (6 Weeks) ]
    Tapentadol was compared to Oxycodone with Oxycodone set to 1. The average total daily dose of Tapentadol at which a pain score equivalent or below to the pain score at the end of observation period under Oxycodone was reached was documented as the equipotent or equianalgesic dose to the total daily dose of the previously used Oxycodone.



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Ages Eligible for Study:   40 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Participants must have signed an Informed Consent Form indicating that they understand the purpose of and procedures required for the trial and are willing to participate in it.
  • Participants are men or non-pregnant, non-lactating women. Sexually active women must be postmenopausal, surgically sterile, or practicing an effective method of birth control (e.g., prescription oral contraceptives, contraceptive injections, intrauterine device, double barrier method, contraceptive patch, male partner sterilization) before entry and throughout the trial. Women of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at screening.
  • Participants must be appropriately communicative to verbalize and to differentiate with regard to location and intensity of the pain.
  • Participants must be at least 40 years of age.
  • Participants must have a diagnosis of osteoarthritis of the knee based on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Classification criteria:

    • Knee pain and
    • Radiographic osteophytes or
    • Knee pain and aged 40 years or above and
    • Morning stiffness of less than 30 minutes of duration and
    • Crepitus on motion.
  • Participants must have pain at the reference joint which has been present for at least 3 months.
  • Participant's pain must require a strong analgesic (defined as WHO Step III) as judged by the Investigator
  • Participant must be taking a WHO Step III analgesic on a daily basis for at least 2 weeks prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Participant must have responded to the WHO Step III analgesic, i.e., participant must have a confirmed average pain intensity score (NRS 3) of smaller or equal to 5 points during the last 3 days prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Participant must report opioid-related side effects as the reason to change their analgesic
  • Participant must report a rate of satisfaction with their previous analgesic regimen not exceeding "fair" on a subject satisfaction with treatment scale (5-point VRS).

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Presence of a clinically significant disease or laboratory findings that in the Investigator's opinion may affect efficacy or safety assessments.
  • Presence of active systemic or local infection that may, in the opinion of the Investigator, affect the efficacy, quality of life/function or safety assessments.
  • History of alcohol or drug abuse, or suspicion thereof in Investigator's judgement.
  • Presence of concomitant autoimmune inflammatory conditions.
  • Known history of or laboratory values reflecting severe renal impairment.
  • Known history of moderately or severely impaired hepatic function.
  • History of or active hepatitis B or C within the past 3 months or history of HIV infection.
  • History of seizure disorder or epilepsy.
  • Any of the following within 1 year: mild/moderate traumatic brain injury, stroke, transient ischemic attack, or brain neoplasm. Severe traumatic brain injury within 15 years (consisting of 1 or more of the following: brain contusion, intracranial hematoma, either unconsciousness or post traumatic amnesia lasting more than 24 h) or residual sequelae suggesting transient changes in consciousness.
  • Pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • History of allergy to, or hypersensitivity to tapentadol hydrochloride or its excipients, or contraindications related to tapentadol hydrochloride including:

    • participants with acute or severe bronchial asthma or hypercapnia.
    • participants who have or are suspected of having paralytic ileus.
  • Employees of the Investigator or trial site, with direct involvement in this trial or other trials under the direction of the Investigator or trial site, as well as family members of employees of the Investigator.
  • Participation in another trial concurrently or within 4 weeks prior to the Screening Visit.
  • Known to or suspected of not being able to comply with the protocol and the use of the investigational medicinal product.
  • Use of monoamine oxidase inhibitors within 14 days before the Screening Visit.
  • Non-stable dosing of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors within 30 days before the Screening Visit (the doses must remain stable during the trial).
  • Osteoarthritis in a flare state.
  • Use of intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid in the reference joint within 3 months before the Screening Visit.
  • Presence of conditions other than OA of the reference joint that could confound the assessment or self-evaluation of pain, e.g., anatomical deformities, significant skin conditions such as abscess or syndromes with widespread pain such as fibromyalgia. Subjects with OA at joints other than the reference joint will not be excluded as long as the reference joint is the source of main pain and disability.
  • History and clinical signs at the reference joint of crystal-induced (e.g., gout, pseudo-gout), metabolic, infectious and autoimmune disease.
  • Any painful procedures during the trial (e.g., major surgery including the reference joint) that may, in the opinion of the Investigator, affect the efficacy or safety assessments.
  • Pending litigation due to chronic pain or disability.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00982280


Locations
Australia
Site 4
Melbourne, Australia
Site 2
Perth, Australia
Denmark
Site 4
Aalborg, Denmark
Site 7
Hvidovre, Denmark
Site 6
Kolding, Denmark
Site 2
Odense, Denmark
Site 3
Vejle, Denmark
Germany
Site 1
Berlin, Germany
Site 7
Katzhütte, Germany
Site 2
Leer, Germany
Site 8
Leipzig, Germany
Site 9
Zerbst, Germany
Poland
Site 4
Lublin, Poland
Site 5
Ostrow Mazowiecka, Poland
Site 2
Tychy, Poland
Spain
Site 4
Madrid, Spain
Site 2
Majadahona (Madrid), Spain
Site 1
Valencia, Spain
United Kingdom
Site 3
Birmingham, United Kingdom
Site 6
Carmarthen, United Kingdom
Site 1
Leeds, United Kingdom
Site 2
London, United Kingdom
Site 8
Middlesborough, United Kingdom
Site 7
Norfolk, United Kingdom
Site 9
Oxford, United Kingdom
Site 10
York, United Kingdom
Sponsors and Collaborators
Grünenthal GmbH
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Barbara Hoggart, Dr. MD FRCA, FRCAPM Heart of England NHS Trust

Responsible Party: Grünenthal GmbH
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00982280     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 847022
2009-010425-39 ( EudraCT Number )
First Posted: September 23, 2009    Key Record Dates
Results First Posted: December 14, 2011
Last Update Posted: December 14, 2011
Last Verified: November 2011

Keywords provided by Grünenthal GmbH:
Osteoarthritis
pain assessment
tapentadol
centrally acting analgesic

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Osteoarthritis
Chronic Pain
Arthritis
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Signs and Symptoms
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs