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A Trial to Reduce Pneumonia in Nursing Home Residents (PRIDE)

This study has been completed.
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yale University Identifier:
First received: September 10, 2009
Last updated: November 7, 2014
Last verified: November 2014
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness of an enhanced oral hygiene protocol in preventing pneumonia among nursing home residents.

Condition Intervention Phase
Pneumonia Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Other: Enhanced Oral Care Other: Usual oral care Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Single (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Randomized Controlled Trial to Reduce Pneumonia in Nursing Home Residents

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by Yale University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Pneumonia [ Time Frame: 2.5 years ]
    The number of participants that recorded a 'first pneumonia' during the 2.5 years timeframe.

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Lower Respiratory Tract Infection Other Than Pneumonia [ Time Frame: 2.5 years ]
    The number of participants that recorded a 'lower respiratory tract infection other than pneumonia' during the 2.5 years timeframe.

Enrollment: 834
Study Start Date: October 2009
Study Completion Date: December 2012
Primary Completion Date: December 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: enhanced oral care Other: Enhanced Oral Care
oral brushing plus oral chlorhexidine plus upright feeding positioning
Active Comparator: Usual care
The usual oral care provided at the nursing home
Other: Usual oral care
Usual oral care and feeding positioning


Ages Eligible for Study:   65 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • long term care resident of nursing home
  • residents age >65
  • residents of nursing home for at least one month
  • residents having at least one of two modifiable risk factors for pneumonia (i.e., impaired oral hygiene, swallowing difficulty)

Exclusion Criteria:

  • residents housed in nursing home for short term rehabilitation
  • residents who receive nourishment by tube feeding
  • residents who have a life expectancy < 3 months
  • residents who have been diagnosed with pneumonia within the previous 6 weeks
  • residents who are currently using oral chlorhexidine
  • residents who have previously been enrolled in the study
  • residents, or their designated proxies, who are unwilling to give informed consent
  • residents who have tracheostomy
  • residents who are non-english speaking
  • residents who the administrator leadership of the home felt were not appropriate for the study
  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00975780

United States, Connecticut
Yale University School of Medicine
New Haven, Connecticut, United States, 06520
Sponsors and Collaborators
Yale University
National Institute on Aging (NIA)
Principal Investigator: Vincent J Quagliarello, MD Yale University
Study Director: Mary Tinetti, MD Yale University
Study Director: Manisha Juthani-Mehta, MD Yale University
Study Director: Peter Peduzzi, PhD Yale University
Study Director: Dorothy Baker, PhD Yale University
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Yale University Identifier: NCT00975780     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 0609001783
R01AG030575 ( U.S. NIH Grant/Contract )
Study First Received: September 10, 2009
Results First Received: December 6, 2013
Last Updated: November 7, 2014

Keywords provided by Yale University:
Lower respiratory tract infection
Lower respiratory tract infection other than pneumonia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Respiratory Tract Infections
Lung Diseases
Respiratory Tract Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017