Norwalk Vaccine Study

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00973284
First received: September 8, 2009
Last updated: March 29, 2016
Last verified: March 2016
  Purpose
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the Norwalk virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine as determined by the illness rate of viral acute gastroenteritis (AGE) during the inpatient stay.

Condition Intervention Phase
Acute Gastroenteritis
Norwalk Virus Infection
Biological: Norwalk VLP vaccine
Biological: mannitol and sucrose
Biological: Norwalk virus
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: Phase 1-2, Randomized, Multi-Center, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Safety and Efficacy Study in Healthy Adults of Intranasal Norwalk Virus-like Particle Vaccine in Experimental Human Norwalk Virus Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Takeda:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of efficacy as determined by the illness rate of viral acute gastroenteritis (AGE) [ Time Frame: 7 days post challenge ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluation of vaccine safety, as determined by the occurrence of local intranasal symptoms and other solicited symptoms, and unsolicited adverse events and the occurrence of SAEs for 180 days following the last study vaccination. [ Time Frame: 21 days post each dose for solicited symptoms and adverse events and 180 days for SAEs. ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 98
Study Start Date: August 2009
Study Completion Date: August 2010
Primary Completion Date: March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Norwalk VLP Vaccine 100 µg
Norwalk Virus-like Particle (VLP) Vaccine 100 µg, dry powder, intranasally using a delivery device with a puff of air, 50 µg in each nostril, on Days 0 and 21 in the Vaccination Stage. Norwalk Virus, 48 Reverse Transcription Polymerase Chain Reaction (RT-PCR) units, solution, orally, on Day 42 in the Challenge Stage.
Biological: Norwalk VLP vaccine
Norwalk VLP vaccine dry powder
Biological: Norwalk virus
Norwalk virus solution
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Norwalk VLP placebo-matching vaccine, dry powder, intranasally using a delivery device with a puff of air, 50 µg in each nostril, on Days 0 and 21 in the Vaccination Stage. Norwalk Virus, 48 RT-PCR units, solution, orally, on Day 42 in the Challenge Stage.
Biological: mannitol and sucrose
Mannitol and sucrose as placebo-matching Norwalk VLP Vaccine dry powder
Biological: Norwalk virus
Norwalk virus solution

Detailed Description:

The drug being tested in this study is called intranasal Norwalk virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine. Norwalk VLP vaccine is being tested to prevent viral acute gastroenteritis (AGE). This study will look at the illness rate of AGE in people who are administered the Norwalk VLP vaccine.

The study enrolled 98 patients and was conducted in 2 stages: the Vaccination Stage and the Challenge Stage. In the Vaccination Stage participants were randomly assigned (by chance, like flipping a coin) to one of the two treatment groups—which remained undisclosed to the patient and study doctor during the study (unless there is an urgent medical need):

  • Norwalk VLP Vaccine (100 µg VLP) intranasally
  • Placebo (dummy inactive powder) - this is a powder that looks like the study drug but has no active ingredient During the Challenge Stage participants were administered live Norwalk virus and were monitored for AGE.

This multi-center trial was conducted in the United States. The overall time to participate in this study was up to 29 weeks Participants made multiple visits to the clinic and were contacted by telephone 6 months after last dose of study drug for a follow-up assessment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Signed informed consents.
  2. Age 18 - 50 years, inclusive.
  3. Good general health as determined by a screening evaluation within 45 days of randomization.
  4. Expressed interest, availability, and understanding to fulfill the study requirements including measures to prevent Norwalk virus contamination of the environment and spread of infection and illness to the community. The prospective subjects must pass (> 75 % correct answers) a written examination on all aspects of the study before enrollment. (Appendix D)
  5. Available to return for follow-up visits following discharge from the inpatient unit and deliver stool specimens to the investigator promptly.
  6. Female subjects must be of non-childbearing potential, or if of childbearing potential (as determined by the investigator) must be practicing abstinence or using an effective licensed method of birth control (e.g. oral contraceptives; diaphragm or condom in combination with contraceptive jelly, cream, or foam; intrauterine contraceptive device, or Depo-Provera; skin patch; vaginal ring or cervical cap) for 30 days prior to vaccination and must agree to continue such precautions during the study and for 60 days after the Challenge visit. Male subjects must agree not to father a child during the study and for 60 days after the Challenge visit.
  7. Demonstrated to be H type-1 antigen secretor positive (by saliva test). [This saliva test may be done outside of the 45 day window and does not need to be repeated.]
  8. Agrees not to participate in another clinical trial with an investigational product for the entire duration of the study (six months after the last dose of study vaccine or placebo i.e. 201 days).

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Living with or having daily contact with children age 5 years or less or a woman known to be pregnant. This includes significant contact at home, school, day-care, or equivalent facilities.
  2. Nursing mother.
  3. Living with or having daily contact with childcare workers.
  4. Living with or having daily contact with elderly persons aged 70 years or more, or infirmed, diapered individuals, persons with disabilities or incontinent persons. This includes work or visits to nursing homes and day-care or equivalent facilities.
  5. Evidence of recent (within 2 months) or of current nonbacterial gastroenteritis suggestive of Norwalk virus infection [vomiting or unformed or watery stools ( > 2 during a 24 hour period)].
  6. Any gastroenteritis within the past 2 weeks.
  7. History of chronic functional dyspepsia, chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease, peptic ulcer disease, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, gall bladder disease, inflammatory bowel disease, irritable bowel syndrome, frequent diarrhea, chronic constipation, or diverticulitis anytime during the subject's lifetime.
  8. Regular use of medication other than oral contraceptive agents, anti-hypertensives, anti-depressants, vitamins and minerals.
  9. History of any of the following medical illnesses:

    • Chronic rhinitis, runny nose, sneezing (including seasonal allergies)
    • Clinically significant nose bleed within the prior 12 months
    • Diabetes
    • Cancer (malignancies other than a resolved skin lesion)
    • Heart disease (hospitalization for a heart attack, arrhythmia, or syncope)
    • Unconsciousness (other than a single brief "concussion")
    • Seizures (other than febrile seizures as a child <5 years old)
    • Asthma requiring treatment with inhaler or medication in the prior 2 years
    • Neuro-inflammatory disease
    • Autoimmune disease
    • Eating disorder
    • Chronic headaches associated with vomiting
    • Chronic vomiting syndrome
  10. Any current illness requiring daily medication other than vitamins, minerals, birth control, anti-depressants or anti-hypertensives.
  11. Blood Type B or AB. [This blood test may be done outside of the 45 day window and does not need to be repeated.]
  12. Allergies or hypersensitivity to chitosan, shrimp, other shellfish or any component of the vaccine or placebo.
  13. History of nasal surgery of any type (including tonsillectomy or adenoidectomy).
  14. Any clinically significant abnormality detected on physical examination, including:

    • Murmur (other than a functional murmur)
    • Focal neurological abnormality
    • Hepatosplenomegaly
    • Lymphadenopathy
    • Jaundice
  15. Hypertension defined as BP > 150/90 mm Hg on two separate measurements. Chronic stable well-controlled hypertension on medications is allowed.
  16. History of more than 3 hospitalizations for invasive bacterial infections (pneumonia, meningitis), acute or chronic dermatitis (e.g. eczema, seborrhea, psoriasis) or collagen vascular disease [e.g. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) or dermatomyositis].
  17. Presence of other serious chronic illness (i.e. malignancy other than a resolved skin lesion).
  18. Positive stool/fecal culture for bacterial pathogens (salmonella, campylobacter, E. coli 0157:H7, and shigella) or positive stool/fecal screen for ova and parasites.
  19. Employment in the food service industry, such as restaurants, or cafeteria facilities. Specifically, this will include persons whose employment requires food processing in the 4 weeks following challenge.
  20. Health-care workers with patient contact expected in the 4 weeks following challenge.
  21. Expected contact (through employment or at home) with immunocompromised persons (HIV-positive, receiving immunosuppressive medications such as oral steroids, anti-neoplastic agents) in the 4 weeks following challenge.
  22. Employment as an airline flight attendant, scheduled to work in the 4 weeks following challenge.
  23. Persons planning on taking a cruise in the 4 weeks following challenge.
  24. Persons who have consumed or plan to consume raw shellfish (e.g. oysters) within 7 days prior to enrollment or throughout the study.
  25. Any of the following lab abnormalities:

    • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) or total white blood cell (WBC) outside the normal range (may be repeated once if outside this limit)
    • Hemoglobin outside the normal range (may be repeated once if outside this limit)
    • Platelet count outside the normal range (may be repeated once if outside this limit)
    • Electrolytes, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) and/or creatinine outside the normal range (may be repeated once if outside this limit)
    • Glucose > upper limit of normal (ULN) (may be repeated once if outside this limit). Fasting glucose is not required.
    • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alkaline phosphatase, bilirubin (total and indirect) or gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT) outside the normal range (may be repeated once if outside this limit)
    • Positive serology for hepatitis C or human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) antibody or hepatitis B surface antigen or rapid plasma reagin (RPR)
  26. For women, positive serum pregnancy test within 14 days or positive urine pregnancy test within 24 hours of randomization.
  27. Temperature > 99.7°F orally or symptoms of an acute self-limited illness such as an upper respiratory infection or gastroenteritis within 3 days of randomization.
  28. Previous participation in a study of experimental norovirus infection or vaccines.
  29. Study site personnel or their family members.
  30. Significant history of psychiatric hospitalization, alcohol abuse, or illicit drug use.
  31. Receipt of a licensed live vaccine within 28 days or a licensed inactivated vaccine within 14 days of randomization.
  32. Completion of an investigational vaccine or drug study within 28 days of randomization.
  33. Other condition that in the clinical judgment of the investigator would jeopardize the safety or rights of a subject participating in the trial, would render the subject unable to comply with the protocol or would interfere with the evaluation of the vaccination stage or the evaluation of the challenge stage.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00973284

Locations
United States, Maryland
Mohamed Al-Ibrahim
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
The John's Hopkins University
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21205
United States, Ohio
Cincinnati Children's Hospital
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States
United States, Texas
Baylor College of Medicine
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030
Sponsors and Collaborators
Takeda
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Robert L Atmar, MD Baylor College of Medicine
Principal Investigator: David I Bernstein, MD Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati
Principal Investigator: Clayton D Harro, MD Johns Hopkins University
Principal Investigator: Mohamed S Al-Ibrahim, MD SNBL Clinical Pharmacology Center, Inc.
  More Information

Publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Takeda
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00973284     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: LV01-103 
Study First Received: September 8, 2009
Last Updated: March 29, 2016
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Takeda:
Prevention of acute gastroenteritis due to infection with and experimental Norwalk Virus

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Infection
Virus Diseases
Gastroenteritis
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Vaccines
Mannitol
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Diuretics, Osmotic
Diuretics
Natriuretic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 27, 2016