Low Dose Intravenous (IV) Infusion of BNP in the Presence and Absence of Acute Type V Phosphodiesterase (PDE V) in Improving Renal Function in Hospitalized Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) Patients With Renal Dysfunction (Aim 3 BNP/PDEV)
The purpose of the study is to determine if low doses of BNP can improve renal function in people with chronic heart failure with renal dysfunction, also to determine whether Sildenafil assists with improvement. This study will enroll only hospitalized patients with heart failure.
Drug: BNP and PDE-V
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Specific Aims 3: Define in Hospitalized Decompensated CHF Patients With Renal Dysfunction, the Renal Actions of Low Dose Intravenous Infusion of BNP in the Presence and Absence of Acute PDE V Inhibition in Improving Renal Function|
- The primary endpoint for this aim will be a comparison of the 3 groups for the percent change in creatinine clearance, and blood urea nitrogen from baseline to 48 hours. [ Time Frame: each blood and urine collections 4 time points ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
- The secondary endpoints for this aim will be a comparison of the 3 groups for the percent change in plasma, sodium excretion, aldosterone, and renal cGMP generation from baseline line to 48 hours [ Time Frame: each blood and urine collection at 4 time points ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||October 2009|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||July 2016|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||July 2015 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: BNP with PDE-V
BNP (Nesiritide) will be infused starting at 0.0025 g/Kg/min IV for 3 hours, if tolerated increased to 0.005 g/kg/min for 45 hours without bolus with PDEV inhibition, they will also receive Sildenafil 12.5 mg at timepoints 0,12, 24 and 36 hours
Drug: BNP and PDE-V
low dose BNP 0.025 u/kg/min for 3 hours then 0.005ug/kg/min 45 hours PDE-V 12.5 mg 4 time points
Active Comparator: BNP (Nesiritide) will be infused at 0.005 u/Kg/min IV for 48 h
BNP (Nesiritide) will be infused at 0.025 ug/Kg/min IV for 3 hours then 0.005ug/kg/min 45 hours without bolus. No PDE-V is given.
low dose BNP at 0.025 u/kg/min if tolerated then at 0.005 ug/kg/min for 45 hours
Other Name: Nesiritide (Natrecor)
No Intervention: standard care
Patients randomized to this group will continue to receive therapy at the discretion of the heart failure specialist who is managing the patient (with the exception of BNP and low dose dopamine). Blood and Urine will be collected after the patient has been randomized for 48 hours
The broad objective of this protocol is to advance our understanding of the pathophysiological mechanisms of human Cardiorenal Syndrome (CRS) with a specific emphasis upon the biological interaction between diuretic therapy, the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone-system (RAAS) and cyclic 3'-5'-guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) pathway.
Chronic heart failure (CHF) as a result of left ventricular systolic dysfunction is a clinical syndrome with high mortality and morbidity. Renal dysfunction is a common and progressive complication of CHF and despite growing recognition of the frequent presentation of combined cardiac and renal dysfunction, or "Cardiorenal Syndrome (CRS)", its underlying pathophysiology is not well understood, with a lack of consensus as to its appropriate management.
The main objective of this study is to extend the findings of the applicant's studies in both human and experimental CHF and determine if low dose intravenous (IV) (0.005/Kg/min) administration of BNP in hospitalized decompensated CHF patients with renal dysfunction would improve the renal function. Furthermore, based on our preliminary data, we also sought to assess if PDE V inhibition potentiated these renal enhancing actions.
Hypothesis: Low dose IV infusion of BNP in hospitalized decompensated CHF patients with CRS will enhance renal and humoral functions as compared to standard therapy, which will be further potentiated by PDEV inhibition as evident by:
Increased sodium excretion, Increased creatinine clearance Decreased plasma creatinine and blood urea nitrogen Suppression of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, Increased renal cGMP generation
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00972569
|Principal Investigator:||Dr Horng H Chen, MD||Mayo Clinic|