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Effectiveness and Safety of Spondylitis Related to Inflammatory Bowel Disease

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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00972218
Recruitment Status : Withdrawn (Difficulty with enrollment)
First Posted : September 4, 2009
Last Update Posted : September 16, 2016
Information provided by:
University of Alberta

Brief Summary:
Adalimumab is an antibody treatment that targets and neutralizes a molecule produced in the body that is associated with inflammation, tumor necrosis factor (TNF). This molecule is an important factor in causing the inflammation seen in people with a form of inflammatory spinal arthritis called spondylitis as well as inflammation in the bowel called Crohn's disease. Spondylitis and Crohn's disease tend to go together and this study will assess to what degree this treatment is effective for those patients that have both disorders at the same time.

Condition or disease Intervention/treatment Phase
Spondyloarthritis Crohn's Disease Biological: Adalimumab Phase 4

Detailed Description:

The primary objective of the present study is to assess the efficacy of adalimumab in ameliorating the signs and symptoms of spondyloarthritis associated with CD. Although AS patients with IBD were recruited in phase III trials of anti-TNF therapy and shown to respond to treatment, this has not been established in a cohort of patients with exclusive enteropathic spondyloarthritis. Evaluation of such a cohort will address several important issues:

  • Firstly, it will answer the question of whether or not patients with enteropathic spondyloarthritis respond to treatment with adalimumab.
  • Secondly, since patients with IBD represent a cohort at high risk of developing spondyloarthritis, this approach will allow the study of the efficacy of adalimumab in patients with pre-radiographic inflammatory back pain as determined by clinical, laboratory, and radiological outcomes. In particular, the use of MRI as an outcome measure will be explored. In addition, this will allow the further evaluation of diagnostic criteria for pre-radiographic AS.
  • Thirdly, the efficacy of adalimumab in treating IBD associated with SpA has not been previously determined. It has been assumed that the response should be the same as that observed in idiopathic disease. However, it is important to note that the bowel disease related to spondyloarthritis has different genetic associations from idiopathic disease and may have a different underlying pathophysiology. Several biomarkers have been shown to reflect response to anti-TNF therapies in spondyloarthritis e.g. MMP3 and VEGF. However, other surrogates of disease, such as bowel permeability, have yet to be examined.

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Study Type : Interventional  (Clinical Trial)
Actual Enrollment : 0 participants
Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: None (Open Label)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Efficacy of Adalimumab (Humira®) in Spondyloarthritis Related to Crohn's Disease
Study Start Date : July 2009
Actual Primary Completion Date : January 2010
Actual Study Completion Date : January 2010

Resource links provided by the National Library of Medicine

MedlinePlus related topics: Crohn's Disease
Drug Information available for: Adalimumab

Arm Intervention/treatment
Experimental: Enteropathic spondyloarthritis
Patients have concomitant inflammatory spinal symptoms and inflammatory bowel disease.
Biological: Adalimumab
Adalimumab subcutaneous injections 40 mg dose every other week for 24 weeks
Other Name: Humira

Primary Outcome Measures :
  1. The primary efficacy outcome measure will be the Ankylosing Spondylitis Assessment Study group 20 (ASAS 20) response at 24 weeks. [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]

Secondary Outcome Measures :
  1. ASAS 20 response [ Time Frame: 12 weeks ]
  2. ASAS 40, 50, 70, 5/6 responses [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  3. Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  4. Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index (BASFI) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  5. Patient Global Assessment of arthritic and CD-related disease activity [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  6. Total Back Pain [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  7. Nocturnal Back Pain [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  8. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR)/C-reactive protein (CRP) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  9. Patient Acceptable Symptom State (PASS) assessments [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  10. Spinal mobility assessment [ Time Frame: 2 and 24 weeks ]
  11. Enthesitis assessment [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  12. Crohn's Disease Activity Index (CDAI) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  13. Short form 36 (SF-36™) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  14. Helplessness scale [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  15. Spondyloarthritis Research Consortium of Canada Magnetic Resonance Imaging Index (SPARCC MRI) [ Time Frame: 24 weeks ]
  16. Serum biomarkers matrix metalloproteinase 3 (MMP3), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), DKK-1, Wnt, RANKL, OPG and cytokines (e.g. IL17, IL23, IL18) [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]
  17. Bowel permeability [ Time Frame: 12 and 24 weeks ]

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Older Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient is 18 years of age or older
  • Patient has a clinical diagnosis with Crohn's disease, as determined by his/her medical history and confirmation of diagnosis by a gastroenterologist
  • Patient has either moderate to severely active Crohn's disease as defined by a CDAI score of > 220 and < 450 at Screening or active inflammatory back pain as defined by a BASDAI ≥ 4
  • Subject has failed to respond to an adequate course, is intolerant to, or has contraindication to eitherach of the following therapies: Corticosteroids (Prednisone/Budesonide),MTX or Azathioprine/6-mercaptopurine
  • Patient is on stable (≥ 1 month) concurrent therapies for Crohn's disease, including 5-aminosalicylates, prednisone (<20 mg/day), budesonide (<9 mg/day), azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, methotrexate, and antibiotics
  • If female, patient is either not of childbearing potential, defined as postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy), or is of childbearing potential and practicing one of the following methods of birth control:condoms, sponge, foams, jellies, diaphragm or intrauterine device (IUD),contraceptives (oral or parenteral) for three months (90 days) prior to study drug administration), a vasectomized partner, total abstinence from sexual intercourse
  • If patient is female and of childbearing potential, the results of a serum pregnancy test performed at Screening, prior to the first dose of adalimumab, must be negative
  • Patient has Crohn's disease for at least 4 months
  • Patient has not taken NSAIDs (including OTC) for ≥2 weeks
  • Patient has inflammatory back pain according to the Calin or Rudwaleit criteria
  • Patient is able and willing to self-administer sc injections or has available a qualified person(s) to administer sc injections
  • Patient is able to give written informed consent and to complete the study requirements.

Exclusion criteria

  • Patient has current diagnosis of colitis other than Crohn's disease
  • Patient has symptomatic known strictures
  • Surgical bowel resections within the past 6 months or is planning any resection at any time point while enrolled in the study
  • Ostomy or ileoanal pouch
  • Short bowel syndrome as determined by the investigator
  • Patient has received prior treatment with intravenous immunoglobulin or any investigational agents within four weeks of Baseline, or five half-lives of the product, whichever was longer
  • Patient has been previously treated with total lymphoid irradiation or anti-CD4 or CAMPATH 1H monoclonal antibodies resulting in persistent CD4 lymphopenia (CD4 lymphocytes < 500/mm3)
  • Patient was previously exposed to a biologic TNF-inhibitor
  • Patient has a history of cancer or lymphoproliferative disease other than: Successfully and completely treated Cervical dysplasia, with no recurrence within the last five years
  • Has a history of uncontrolled diabetes, unstable ischemic heart disease, congestive heart failure, New York Heart Association (NYHA) III, IV, recent stroke (within three months), chronic leg ulcer and any other condition (e.g., indwelling urinary catheter) which, in the opinion of the Investigator, would put the subject at risk by participation in the protocol or who would make the subject unsuitable for the study
  • Positive serology for hepatitis B indicating acute or chronic infection
  • Subject is known to have immune deficiency, history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) or is immunocompromised
  • Persistent or recurrent or severe infections requiring hospitalization or treatment with intra-venous (IV) antibiotics within 30 days, or oral antibiotics within 14 days, prior to Baseline
  • Female subjects who are pregnant or breastfeeding
  • Has a history of an allergic reaction or significant sensitivity to constituents of adalimumab
  • Has a history of clinically significant drug or alcohol abuse in the last year
  • Previous diagnosis or signs of central nervous system demyelinating diseases (e.g., optic neuritis, visual disturbance, gait disorder/ataxia, facial paresis, apraxia)
  • Patient has a history of active tuberculosis (TB), histoplasmosis or listeriosis, or other currently active infections suggestive of significant or profound immunosuppression, such as Pneumocystis carinii, aspergillosis or other systemic infections
  • Patient has latent TB (positive PPD skin test) or has other risk factors for the activation of latent TB, e.g. previous exposure to TB, and has not initiated TB prophylaxis prior to the first adalimumab treatment. In either case, the Principal Investigator (sponsor) must be contacted before initiating the study treatment (see Section 5.6.4, "Screening for Latent Tuberculosis)
  • Subjects will be excluded if the CXR is found to have changes suggestive of old healed tuberculous lesion (e.g. calcified nodule, fibrotic scar, apical or basilar pleural thickening etc.)
  • Patient has any condition that would prevent participation or completion in this study, including language limitation or possibility that the patient will not be available for the complete study period
  • Patient, in the opinion of the principal investigator, is unlikely to comply with the study protocol or is unsuitable for any other reason.

Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00972218

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Canada, Alberta
University of Alberta
Edmonton, Alberta, Canada, T6G2S2
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alberta
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Principal Investigator: Walter P Maksymowych, FRCP(C) University of Alberta
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Responsible Party: Walter P. Maksymowych, University of Alberta
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00972218    
Other Study ID Numbers: A10-456
First Posted: September 4, 2009    Key Record Dates
Last Update Posted: September 16, 2016
Last Verified: September 2016
Keywords provided by University of Alberta:
Ankylosing Spondylitis
Crohn's disease
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
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Crohn Disease
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Bone Diseases, Infectious
Bone Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Spinal Diseases
Joint Diseases
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Antirheumatic Agents