The Central Analgesic Effects of Paracetamol on Serotonergic Pathways
Paracetamol, an analgesic prescribed daily, has been in use for more than 50 years. Surprisingly, its mode of action is still unclear. One postulated mechanism is the reinforcement of descending inhibitory pathways. A recent publication in a human pain model raises the question of whether or not Paracetamol acts according to a central serotonergic mechanism. Unfortunately, the chosen model was unable to differentiate between overall pain, secondary hyperalgesia and allodynia. In particular, secondary hyperalgesia and allodynia are central effects.
The planned study will examine the central analgesic effects of paracetamol on allodynia and hyperalgesia by blocking the central effect by adding tropisetron. It will be based on an internationally accepted model for the initiation of secondary hyperalgesia, which was developed and tested by colleagues in Erlangen.
Study work plan
This prospective, randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blinded, cross-over trial in 16 male volunteers will address pain ratings and the area of secondary hyperalgesia/allodynia in a human model of electrically evoked pain and compare four different treatment scenarios:
- Paracetamol 1 g;
- Paracetamol, 1 g and Tropisetron 5 mg;
- Tropisetron, 5 mg; and
Each volunteer will be allocated to each scenario in a cross-over fashion. Four separate treatment trials, at least two weeks apart, will be performed. Each volunteer will be familiarized with the stimulation procedure prior to participation.
Informed consent will be obtained from each volunteer. In addition, each volunteer will receive remuneration after participating in the study.
Paracetamol is considered to be a very safe drug in healthy patients. Tropisetron, another safe medication, is routinely used in anaesthetic practice as an antiemetic drug. Headache, flush and liver parameter elevation are very rare side effects of minor importance in our daily clinical work as anaesthetists.
This pain provoking procedure was developed at the University Erlangen Germany. It is a standardized method and has repeatedly received approval by research ethics committees internationally. Furthermore, the investigators applied this model to a recent study in Basel (cf your decision "study protocol 330/07;" unpublished data, analysis and writing in progress).
Patient number and timetable
The investigators will examine 16 volunteers and expect the experimental component to last 3 months. The investigators plan to complete this study within one year.
- Study importance
The mode of action of paracetamol remains unclear. The investigators think that this study will enable them to answer important questions concerning the action of paracetamol. The investigators hope that further understanding of this regularly prescribed drug will help us to better understand the complex mechanisms of pain.
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver)
Primary Purpose: Basic Science
|Official Title:||The Central Analgesic Effects of Paracetamol on Serotonergic Pathways|
- Pain [ Time Frame: all 20 minutes up to 180 minutes after starting the experiment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
|Study Start Date:||November 2009|
|Study Completion Date:||April 2010|
|Primary Completion Date:||March 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Paracetamol 1 g i.v. once
Paracetamol 1 g i.v. onceDrug: Tropisetron
Tropisetron 5 mg i.v. once
Placebo Comparator: Saline
Proband will receive Saline
Active Comparator: Tropisetron
Proband will receive Tropisetron alone
Tropisetron 5 mg i.v. once
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00970450
|University Hospital of Basel|
|Basel, Switzerland, 4031|
|Principal Investigator:||Wilhelm Ruppen, MD||University Hospital, Basel, Switzerland|