Chloroquine as an Anti-Autophagy Drug in Stage IV Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) Patients (Chloroquine IV)
|Study Design:||Allocation: Non-Randomized
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Chloroquine as an Anti-autophagy Drug in Stage IV Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) Patients: A Phase 1 Trial|
- To determine the toxicity of adding chloroquine in escalating doses in SCLC patients: to standard dose cisplatin-etoposide in extensive disease SCLC; to standard dose concurrent radiotherapy and cisplatin-etoposide in limited disease SCLC [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
- Tumor response (according to RECIST) [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
- Overall survival [ Time Frame: 6 years ]
|Study Start Date:||September 2013|
|Study Completion Date:||June 2016|
|Primary Completion Date:||June 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Active Comparator: Chloroquine
Patients receive Chloroquine
Drug: Chloroquine, A-CQ 100
Tumor hypoxia is a well-known factor negatively influencing outcome in many solid tumors, including small cell lung cancer. Hypoxic cells are more radio-resistant, more chemo-resistant and more prone to develop distant metastases than normoxic cells.
One of the mechanisms responsible for survival of these therapy-resistant hypoxic cells is (macro-)autophagy: a phenomenon in which cells provide themselves with energy (ATP) by digesting their own cell-organelles. Chloroquine is a potent blocker of autophagy and has been demonstrated in a lab setting to dramatically enhance tumor response to radiotherapy, chemotherapy and even anti-hormonal therapy.
Thus, chloroquine might very well be able to increase overall survival in small cell lung cancer by sensitizing cells resistant to chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00969306
|VU Medical Center|
|Maastricht Radiation Oncology|
|Maastricht University Medical Center|
|Principal Investigator:||Philippe Lambin, DM, PhD||Maastricht Radiation Oncology|