A Study of Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor GDC-0449 in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors That Are Refractory to Standard Therapy or for Whom No Standard Therapy Exists

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00968981
First received: August 28, 2009
Last updated: November 3, 2015
Last verified: November 2015
  Purpose
This is a two stage, Phase Ib study designed to describe the pharmacokinetics of GDC-0449 in patients with advanced solid tumors that are refractory to treatment or for whom no standard therapy exists.

Condition Intervention Phase
Solid Cancers
Drug: GDC-0449
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase Ib, Open-Label, Dose-Scheduling Study of Hedgehog Pathway Inhibitor GDC-0449 in Patients With Locally Advanced or Metastatic Solid Tumors That Are Refractory to Standard Therapy or for Whom No Standard Therapy Exists

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Genentech, Inc.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Time to Reach Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) at Steady-State for Both Total and Unbound GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: Predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 on Days 1, 29, 50, and 54 and predose on Days 8, 10, 15, 22, 33, 36, 43, and 57 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Number of Participants With Greater Than (>) 50 Percent (%) Decrease in Trough Concentration at Steady State (Css, Trough) [ Time Frame: Predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 on Days 1, 29, 50, and 54 and predose on Days 8, 10, 15, 22, 33, 36, 43, and 57 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Percent change = ([trough concentration on Day 15 minus trough concentration on Day 57] divided by trough concentration on Day 15) multiplied by 100.

  • Ratio of Total and Unbound Trough GDC-0449 Concentration Between Day 57 to Day 15 [ Time Frame: Predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 on Days 1, 29, 50, and 54 and predose on Days 8, 10, 15, 22, 33, 36, 43, and 57 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Ratio = trough concentration on Day 57 divided by trough concentration on Day 15. If the ratio of total and unbound trough GDC-0449 concentration between Day 57 to Day 15 is less than 1, then it indicates reduction in total and unbound trough GDC-0449 concentration between Day 15 to Day 57.

  • Plasma Concentration at Steady State (Css) for Total and Unbound GDC−0449 [ Time Frame: Predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 on Days 1, 29, 50, and 54 and predose on Days 8, 10, 15, 22, 33, 36, 43, and 57 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma GDC-0449 concentrations were reported in nanogram per milliliter (ng/mL) units and converted to micromolar (mcM) units using the molecular weight (421.30 grams per mole [g/mol]) prior to PK analysis. Css was calculated for Days 28 to 56.

  • Maximum Plasma Concentration (Cmax) of Total and Unbound GDC−0449 [ Time Frame: 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, 72 hours on Day 1, 15 and 57 post-dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Plasma GDC-0449 concentrations were reported in ng/mL units and converted to mcM units using the molecular weight (421.30 g/mol) prior to PK analysis.

  • Area Under the Curve From Time Zero to 24 Hour (AUC0-24) for Total and Unbound GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: Predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 on Days 1, 29, 50, and 54 and predose on Days 8, 10, 15, 22, 33, 36, 43, and 57 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC is a measure of the serum concentration of the drug over time. It is used to characterize drug absorption. AUC values were calculated using the linear trapezoidal method when the concentrations were rising and using the logarithmic trapezoidal method when the concentrations were declining (linear up/log down rule in WinNonlin). Below the limit of quantitation (BLQ) values at pre-dose were considered as zero for PK analysis.

  • Area Under the Curve From Time Zero to the Last Measured Concentration (AUClast) for Total and Unbound GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: Predose and 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, and 72 on Days 1, 29, 50, and 54 and predose on Days 8, 10, 15, 22, 33, 36, 43, and 57 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    AUC values were calculated using the linear trapezoidal method when the concentrations were rising and using the logarithmic trapezoidal method when the concentrations were declining (linear up/log down rule in WinNonlin). BLQ values at pre-dose were considered as zero for PK analysis.

  • Time to Achieve Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Tmax) After a Single Dose of GDC-0449 [ Time Frame: 0, 1, 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, 72 hours on Day 1 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With Disease Progression or Death [ Time Frame: Screening, Day 57, and every 8 weeks thereafter up to 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Disease progression (assessed by Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors [RECIST]) was defined as at least a 20% increase in the sum of the longest diameter of target lesions, taking as reference the smallest sum longest diameter recorded since the treatment started or the appearance of one or more new lesions or the appearance of one or more new lesions and/or unequivocal progression of existing non target lesions.

  • Percentage of Participants With a Response by Best Overall Response (BOR) [ Time Frame: Screening Day 57, and every 8 weeks thereafter up to 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    BOR was defined as the best overall response observed during the treatment period according to RECIST. CR: disappearance of all TLs, with any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) having a reduction in short axis to less than 10 mm. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs, taking as reference the BL sum diameters. Progressive disease (PD): at least a 20% increase in the sum of diameters of TLs, taking as a reference the smallest sum on study (this included the baseline sum if that is the smallest on study). In addition to the relative increase in 20%, the sum must also have demonstrated an absolute increase of at least 5 mm. Stable disease (SD) was defined as neither sufficient shrinkages to qualify for PR, nor sufficient increase to qualify for PD, taking as reference the smallest sum diameters while on study.

  • Progression-Free Survival (PFS) Time [ Time Frame: Screening Day 57, and every 8 weeks thereafter up to 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    PFS defined as the time from study treatment initiation to the first occurrence of disease progression, as determined by the investigator review of tumor assessments using RECIST, or death from any cause during the study (i.e., within 30 days after the last dose of study treatment).

  • Duration of Response (DR) [ Time Frame: Screening Day 57, and every 8 weeks thereafter up to 52 weeks ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DR during first line therapy is defined as the time from when response (complete response [CR] or partial response [PR]) was first documented to first documented disease progression or death (whichever occurs first) during first line therapy. This was only be calculated for participants who achieved a best overall response of CR or PR. Participants who did not progress or die after they had a confirmed response were censored at the date of their last tumor measurement or last follow up for progression of disease during first line therapy. CR: disappearance of all target lesions (TLs) with any pathological lymph nodes (whether target or non-target) having a reduction in short axis to less than 10 millimeters. PR: at least a 30% decrease in the sum of diameters of TLs, with reference to baseline sum diameters. DR was not calculated as only 1 responding participant reached their response at the last scheduled response assessment, hence follow-up data are not available.


Enrollment: 67
Study Start Date: September 2009
Study Completion Date: October 2010
Primary Completion Date: October 2010 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A Drug: GDC-0449
Daily oral repeating dose
Experimental: B Drug: GDC-0449
Three times weekly oral repeating dose
Experimental: C Drug: GDC-0449
Once weekly oral repeating dose

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older   (Adult, Senior)
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologically documented, incurable, locally advanced or metastatic solid malignancy that has progressed after first-line and second-line therapy (if there is a second-line therapy that has been shown to provide clinical benefit); patients with basal cell carcinoma will be excluded from this study unless they do not qualify for another open GDC-0449 clinical trial
  • For patients with disease that is evaluable by physical examination only, diagnosis must also include biomarker confirmation
  • Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status of 0-1
  • Documented negative pregnancy test for women of childbearing potential and agreement to use an effective form of contraception for the duration of the study
  • Adequate hematopoietic capacity
  • Adequate hepatic function
  • Adequate renal function
  • At least 3 weeks since last chemotherapy, investigational agent, radiation therapy, or major surgical procedure and recovery to pre-treatment baseline or stabilization of all treatment-related toxicities

Exclusion Criteria

  • Known, untreated central nervous system (CNS) malignancies or treated brain metastases that are not radiographically stable for ≥ 3 months
  • Active infection requiring intravenous (IV) antibiotics
  • Clinically significant history of liver disease, including cirrhosis, current alcohol abuse, or current known active infection with hepatitis
  • Any medical condition or diagnosis that would likely impair absorption of an orally administered drug (e.g., gastrectomy, ileal bypass, chronic diarrhea, gastroparesis)
  • Any other diseases, metabolic dysfunction, physical examination finding, or clinical laboratory finding giving reasonable suspicion of a disease or condition that contraindicates the use of an investigational drug or that may affect the interpretation of the results or renders the patient at high risk from treatment complications
  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Treatment with excluded medications, including strong CYP450 inhibitors and inducers
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00968981

Sponsors and Collaborators
Genentech, Inc.
Investigators
Study Director: Jennifer Low, M.D. Genentech, Inc.
  More Information

Responsible Party: Genentech, Inc.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00968981     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SHH4610g 
Study First Received: August 28, 2009
Results First Received: July 9, 2015
Last Updated: November 3, 2015
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Genentech, Inc.:
Hedgehog
BCC
basal cell carcinoma

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 25, 2016