Efficacy of Dendritic Cell Therapy for Myeloid Leukemia and Myeloma
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ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00965224
Verified July 2013 by University Hospital, Antwerp. Recruitment status was: Enrolling by invitation
Dendritic cell therapy is a promising strategy for adjuvant cancer therapy in the setting of minimal residual disease (MRD) to fight off cancer relapse and/or progression. The investigators already performed a phase I safety study in leukemia patients that were in complete remission demonstrating the absence of side effects and feasibility of the therapy. Here, the investigators want to extend on this strategy by studying the clinical efficacy of autologous DC vaccination in patients with acute and chronic myeloid leukemia and myeloma patients. Effects of DC therapy on the immune reactivity towards leukemia cells as well as clinical parameters such molecular MRD monitoring, time to relapse (TTR), progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival(OS) will be studied in vaccinated and non-vaccinated (control) patients. Patients will be vaccinated using their own dendritic cells electroporated with mRNA coding for the full-length Wilms' tumor antigen WT1.
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Ages Eligible for Study:
18 Years and older (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML): all FAB subtypes except M3. Extent of disease:
clinical remission after at least one course of polychemotherapy
high risk of relapse due to age (> 60 years) or poor risk cytogenetic/molecular markers or hyperleukocytosis at presentation or previous relapse
Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML): patients in chronic phase under therapy with tyrosinase kinase inhibitors who have sub-optimal response or failure and who are not eligible for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
Multiple Myeloma (MM): symptomatic with active disease, independent of earlier and/or concomitant treatment:
Presence of serum/urine M protein (> 3 g/dl)
Bone marrow plasmacytosis (>10-30%)
Anemia, renal failure, hypercalcemia, and/or lytic bone lesions
Overexpression of WT1 RNA in peripheral blood and or bone marrow as assessed by quantitative RT-PCR at the time of presentation.For CML: residual molecular disease as demonstrated by BCR-ABL RT-PCR
Prior treatments: Patients must have received at least one prior antileukemic chemotherapeutic regimen and must be more than 1 month past the last treatment.
Age: ≥ 18 years
Performance status: WHO PS grade 0-1 (Appendix B)
Objectively assessable parameters of life expectancy: more than 3 months
Prior and concomitant associated diseases allowed with the exception of underlying autoimmune disease and positive serology for HIV/HBV/HCV
No concomitant use of immunosuppressive drugs
adequate renal and liver function, i.e. creatinin and bilirubin = 1.2 times the upper limit of normal
absence of any psychological, familial, sociological or geographical condition potentially hampering compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule; those conditions should be discussed with the patient before registration in the trial
Women of child-bearing potential should use adequate contraception prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation
Subjects with concurrent additional malignancy (with exception of non-melanoma skin cancers and carcinoma in situ of the cervix)
Subjects who are pregnant
Subjects who have sensitivity to drugs that provide local anesthesia
Subjects needing corticosteroids 1 mg/kg during vaccination; corticosteroids are allowed as part of their treatment when taken ≥ 30 days before the start of vaccination.