A Comparison of FLT to FDG PET/CT in the Early Assessment of Chemotherapy Response in Stage IB-IIIA Resectable NSCLC
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|ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00963807|
Recruitment Status : Completed
First Posted : August 24, 2009
Results First Posted : March 17, 2017
Last Update Posted : March 17, 2017
|Condition or disease||Intervention/treatment||Phase|
|Recurrent Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IIA Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IIB Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma Stage IIIA Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Stage IV Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer||Drug: Cisplatin Procedure: CT Drug: Docetaxel Drug: FDG Drug: FLT Procedure: PET/CT Procedure: Surgery||Phase 2|
I. To determine if the absolute decrease measured in primary tumor 18 F-F-3'-fluoro-3'-deoxy-L-thymidine (FLT) uptake (standard uptake value [SUV] and influx constant [Ki]) between pre-treatment imaging and imaging after the first cycle of therapy differs in patients categorized as responders or non-responders based on Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) measured with computed tomography (CT) after the second cycle of therapy.
I. To determine if the absolute decrease measured in primary tumor FDG uptake (SUV) between pre-treatment imaging and imaging after the first cycle of therapy differs in patients categorized as responders or non-responders based on RECIST measured with CT after the second cycle of therapy.
II. To assess the effects of the combination of docetaxel and cisplatin on fractional tumor viability and proliferative fraction pre and post treatment and to correlate these with the PET SUV data for both tracers.
III. To assess the methylation status of the checkpoint with forkhead and ring finger domains gene (CHFR) gene from pre-treatment tumor biopsies and correlate methylation status post treatment with clinical and pathologic response.
Patients receive docetaxel intravenously (IV) and cisplatin IV on day 1 and dexamethasone orally (PO) twice daily (BID). Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo FDG PET/CT, FLT PET/CT, and thoracic CT at baseline and the end of courses 1 and 2 and then undergo surgery.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up for 4-6 weeks.
|Study Type :||Interventional (Clinical Trial)|
|Actual Enrollment :||26 participants|
|Intervention Model:||Single Group Assignment|
|Masking:||None (Open Label)|
|Official Title:||Phase II Single-Arm Trial Comparing the Use of FLT PET to Standard Computed Tomography to Assess the Treatment Response of Neoadjuvant Docetaxel and Cisplatin in Stage IB-IIIA Resectable Non-small Cell Lung Cancer|
|Study Start Date :||September 2009|
|Actual Primary Completion Date :||August 2012|
|Actual Study Completion Date :||November 2014|
Patients receive docetaxel IV and cisplatin IV on day 1. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for 2 cycles in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients undergo FDG PET/CT, FLT PET/CT, and thoracic CT at baseline and the end of cycles 1 and 2 and then undergo surgery.
Other Names:Procedure: CT
Undergo FDG PET/CT, FLT PET/CT and thoracic CT
Other Names:Drug: Docetaxel
Other Names:Drug: FDG
Undergo FDG PET/CT
Other Names:Drug: FLT
Undergo FLT PET/CT
Other Names:Procedure: PET/CT
Undergo FDG PET/CT and FLT PET/CT
Other Names:Procedure: Surgery
Other Name: Therapeutic Conventional Surgery
- Change in 18F-Fluorothymidine (FLT) Uptake [ Time Frame: Baseline and 3 weeks ]Will be calculated by subtracting the uptake of the scan after the first cycle of chemotherapy from the uptake of the pre-treatment scan.. Change in FLT uptake will be measured using the maximum standard uptake value adjusted for lean body mass (SULmax), which is a measure of how much radiotracer (in this case FLT) is being consumed by cells.
- Change in FLT Uptake [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ]Will be calculated by subtracting the uptake of the scan after the second cycle of chemotherapy from the uptake of the pre-treatment scan.
- Change in FLT Uptake in Responders and Non-responders [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ]Unadjusted analysis will be performed utilizing students t-tests. If the data appears non-normal, the Wilcox on rank-sum test will be used rather than the t-test. Adjusted analysis will be performed utilizing logistic regression.
- Change in 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) Uptake [ Time Frame: Baseline and 6 weeks ]Will be calculated by subtracting the baseline FDG uptake from the post-cycle 2 uptake (as measured by SULmax).
- Overall Response Rate Reported as a Proportion of the Total Number of Patients Who Received at Least One Cycle of Therapy Assessed Using Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) [ Time Frame: Up to 6 weeks ]RECIST version 1.1 was utilized for this outcome measure. A detailed description of RECIST 1.1 can be found here: Nishino M, Jackman DM, Hatabu H, Yeap BY, Cioffredi LA, Yap JT, et al. New Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST) guidelines for advanced non-small cell lung cancer: comparison with original RECIST and impact on assessment of tumor response to targeted therapy. AJR Am J Roentgenol 2010;195:W221-8.
To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00963807
|United States, Maryland|
|Johns Hopkins University/Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287|
|United States, Ohio|
|Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center|
|Columbus, Ohio, United States, 43210|
|Principal Investigator:||Richard Wahl||Johns Hopkins University Sidney Kimmel Comprehensive Cancer Center|