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Metabolic Syndrome in Patients With First-episode Schizophrenia

This study has been completed.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Aarhus ( Aarhus University Hospital ) Identifier:
First received: August 3, 2009
Last updated: December 2, 2014
Last verified: March 2012
The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is highly prevalent in patients with schizophrenia and is a major risk factor of type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and early death. Genetic factors, antipsychotic medication, sleeping disturbances and unhealthy lifestyle are possible causes of developing metabolic syndrome. Several studies have investigated the metabolic side-effects of antipsychotic medication. However it is still unanswered how unhealthy lifestyle, comprising physical inactivity, smoking, unhealthy dieting, and sleeping disturbances adds to the metabolic risk of patients with schizophrenia. The aim of this study is to investigate the prevalence and development of MetS in first-episode patients with schizophrenia and 1 year after onset of treatment. The study's main hypothesis is that physical inactivity, regardless of medication, is an independent risk factor for metabolic syndrome in patients with schizophrenia. In comparison inpatients with major depression and healthy controls, both matched on gender, age and level of education will be included in the study. It is anticipated that the study's results will provide new knowledge about the risk of developing metabolic syndrome in first-episode schizophrenia and how different risk factors contribute to this.

Metabolic Syndrome X Schizophrenia

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: The Metabolic Syndrome in Patients With First-episode Schizophrenia - Prognosis and Prediction.

Resource links provided by NLM:

Further study details as provided by University of Aarhus ( Aarhus University Hospital ):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • metabolic syndrome [ Time Frame: 1 year ]

Enrollment: 203
Study Start Date: August 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: April 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Patients with first-episode schizophrenia age 18-45 years
First-time hospitalized patients with depression age 18-45 years
healthy controls
Healthy controls matched on age and gender (18-45 years)


Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 50 Years   (Adult)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population
Patients admitted to The OPUS project, Region of Midtjylland, Denamrk In comparison in-patients with major depression, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov and healthy controls matched on gender, age and level of education.

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patients with ICD-10 diagnosed schizophrenia

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Antipsychotic medication > 6 weeks before inclusion
  • Physical disability
  • Pregnancy
  • IQ< 55
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its identifier: NCT00957294

Research Unit, Dep. Q of Affective Disorders, Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov
Aarhus, Risskov, Denmark, 8240
Sponsors and Collaborators
Aarhus University Hospital
  More Information

Responsible Party: Aarhus University Hospital Identifier: NCT00957294     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: Lene Nyboe Jacobsen
Study First Received: August 3, 2009
Last Updated: December 2, 2014

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Metabolic Syndrome X
Pathologic Processes
Schizophrenia Spectrum and Other Psychotic Disorders
Mental Disorders
Insulin Resistance
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases processed this record on September 21, 2017