Chemoembolization Versus Radioembolization in Treating Patients With Liver Cancer That Cannot Be Treated With Radiofrequency Ablation Or Surgery
This study has been completed.
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Riad Salem, Northwestern University
First received: August 8, 2009
Last updated: September 7, 2016
Last verified: September 2016
RATIONALE: Chemoembolization kills tumor cells by blocking the blood flow to the tumor and keeping chemotherapy drugs near the tumor. Radioembolization kills tumor cells by blocking the blood flow to the tumor and keeping radioactive substances near the tumor. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective in treating patients with liver cancer.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying radioembolization to see how well it works compared with chemoembolization in treating patients with liver cancer that cannot be treated with Radiofrequency Ablation or removed by surgery.
Radiation: yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
||An Investigator Initiated Multicenter Prospective Randomized Study of Chemoembolization Versus Radioembolization for the Treatment of Hepatocellular Carcinoma (PREMIERE Trial)
Primary Outcome Measures:
Secondary Outcome Measures:
- Characterize the safety and toxicity profile of these regimens [ Time Frame: up to 6 years ]
After treatment toxicities are evaluated in patients at 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and then every 3 months post-treatment.
- Determine tumor response and the need for subsequent treatment in these patients [ Time Frame: up to 6 years ]
Repeat imaging (CT/MRI) and lab work including tumor markers will be assessed 1 month post-treatment then every 3 months after that.
- Characterize change in quality of life and performance status in these patients [ Time Frame: up to 6 years ]
Subjects complete a Fact-Hep quality of life questionnaire pre-treatment, 1 month post-treatment and then every three months post-treatment. Performance status is evaluated pre-treatment, 1 month and then every 3 months post-treatment.
| Study Start Date:
| Study Completion Date:
| Primary Completion Date:
||August 2016 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Experimental: Arm I (radioembolization)
Patients undergo radioembolization with yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres by hepatic artery infusion for approximately 1-3 courses.
Radiation: yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres
Patients undergo radioembolization.
Other Name: Radioembolization
Experimental: Arm II (transarterial chemoembolization [TACE])
Patients undergo TACE with mitomycin C, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cisplatin by hepatic artery infusion for approximately 1-3 courses.
75mg fixed dose
- Doxorubicin hydrocholoride
- Chemoembolization (TACE)
- Compare and contrast TACE and Y90 in order to determine either equivalence or superiority as measured by time-to-progression.
- Characterize the safety and toxicity profile of these regimens.
- Determine the need for subsequent treatment in these patients.
- Determine tumor response in these patients
- Characterize change in quality of life and functional status in these patients.
- Determine time to progression in these patients.
OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to receive either TACE or Y90
- Arm I (radioembolization): Patients undergo radioembolization with yttrium Y 90 glass microspheres by hepatic artery infusion for approximately 1-3 courses.
- Arm II (transarterial chemoembolization [TACE]): Patients undergo TACE with mitomycin C, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and cisplatin by hepatic artery infusion for approximately 1-3 courses.
- In both arms, treatment modifications may apply according to response.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed every 3 months.
|Ages Eligible for Study:
||18 Years to 120 Years (Adult, Senior)
|Sexes Eligible for Study:
|Accepts Healthy Volunteers:
- Hepatocellular Carcinoma confined to the liver that is unresectable with surgery or unable to be treated with radiofrequency ablation diagnosed by biopsy or imaging criteria (CT/MRI)
- No segmental, lobar, or main portal vein thrombosis as evidenced by CT or MRI imaging
- Adults > 18 years old of either gender
- Diagnosis of liver confined HCC confirmed by histology or American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) guidelines [59,60] [appendix A].
- Lesions < 1 cm in diameter have a low likelihood of being malignant and should be followed. Lack of growth over 1-2 years suggests it is not HCC.
- AFP >200 and radiological evidence (arterial hypervascularity) of lesion > 2 cm does not require biopsy.
- Two imaging modalities (triphasic CT, MRI, ultrasound, angiography) demonstrating "arterial hypervascularity" in the background of cirrhosis does not require biopsy
- One imaging modality with a lesion with arterial hypervascularity with wash out in early or delayed venous phase, does not require a biopsy
- Atypical appearances on imaging requires a biopsy.
- Non-conclusive biopsy requires closer monitoring
- For non-cirrhotics (by biopsy or imaging findings), diagnosis of HCC requires biopsy
- Patients with <50% liver involvement
- Measurable liver confined disease with bi-dimensional measurements, required within 4 weeks of screening. Lesions reported on imaging as "too small to characterize", abdominal lymph nodes < 2.0 cm or ascites in the setting of cirrhosis are not considered metastatic disease unless cytology proven.
- No segmental, lobar or main portal vein thrombosis as evidence by cross sectional imaging
- Prior resection permitted, no prior systemic, ablative or infusion therapy permitted
- Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) performance status 0, 1, or 2 [appendix B]
- Childs score of A or B [appendix C]
- Required lab parameters within 28 days of screening
- Serum bilirubin ≤ 2.0 mg/dl (unless segmental infusion can be performed
- AST and ALT ≤ 5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
- Creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN
- Prothrombin time (PT)/ International normalized ratio (INR) ≤ 2.3 or PT ≤ 6 seconds above control. If subjects are being anticoagulated they can participate if proof of no coagulation abnormality existed prior to use of anticoagulants
- Negative serum or urine pregnancy test for females of child bearing potential
- Ability to understand and sign the informed consent; patient must have signed informed consent prior to registration on study
- Women of childbearing potential and sexually active males must use contraception while on study
- Lesions must be treatable angiographically by either radioembolization or chemoembolization.
- Cardiac disease: Congestive heart failure > class II New York Heart Association (NYHA). Patients must not have unstable angina (angina symptoms at rest) or new onset angina (began within the last 3 months) or myocardial infarction within the past 6 months.
- Patients with infiltrative HCC are not eligible.
- Patients with bulk disease (≥70% tumor replacement of liver) are not eligible.
- Patients with ≥50% tumor replacement of liver, with an albumin < 3.0 g/dl are not eligible.
- Major surgery within 4 weeks prior to the screening visit
- Active clinically serious infection > Common Toxicity Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v 4.0) Grade 2
- Any condition (psychological, physical or use/abuse of substances) which, in the opinion of the principal investigator (PI) or a sub-investigator (sub-I), would possibly endanger the subject during their participation in the study, or allow for non-compliance with the investigational drug and treatment under study.
- Due to the experimental nature of the therapy and the unknown risk to a fetus, pregnant and/or lactating women are not eligible to participate in this study.
- In the opinion of the investigator, patient is not a candidate/lesion not amenable for RFA (e.g. lesion location, shape, abnormal coagulation parameters, multi-focality).
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00956930
|Northwestern University, Northwestern Memorial Hospital
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611-3013 |
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
||Riad Salem, MD
||Riad Salem, Chief Vascular and Interventional Radiology, Northwestern University
History of Changes
|Other Study ID Numbers:
|Study First Received:
||August 8, 2009
||September 7, 2016
|Individual Participant Data
|Plan to Share IPD:
||Data will be published in medical journals.
Keywords provided by Northwestern University:
advanced adult primary liver cancer
localized unresectable adult primary liver cancer
recurrent adult primary liver cancer
adult primary hepatocellular carcinoma
Additional relevant MeSH terms:
ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on January 19, 2017
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Digestive System Diseases
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action