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Comparison of Oral Gabapentin and Pregabalin in Postoperative Pain Control After Photorefractive Keratectomy

This study has been terminated.
(PI left institution)
Sponsor:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00954187
First Posted: August 7, 2009
Last Update Posted: January 9, 2017
The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government. Read our disclaimer for details.
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Loma Linda University
  Purpose

Purpose: To compare the efficacy of oral gabapentin and its newer analogue pregabalin in postoperative pain control after photorefractive keratectomy (PRK).

Methods: One hundred and four patients who meet the inclusion criteria undergoing PRK in one or both eyes will be randomized into one of two treatment groups. Those in group A will be treated with gabapentin, and those in group B will be treated with pregabalin to control postoperative PRK pain. Patients in both groups will begin treatment two hours prior to surgery in order to achieve therapeutic blood levels of each medication. After surgery the patients will assess their pain level using the visual analogue scale (VAS) at different intervals of time - one hour after surgery, the evening of the surgery, and three times each day for three subsequent days. Patients will also daily assess their level of somnolence using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and record the presence of dizziness for the same amount of time. On the fourth day they will return to clinic for a postoperative appointment. At that time the pain, sleepiness, and dizziness assessment scales will be collected and analyzed. The patients will return one month later to further assess long-term pain and healing after PRK.

Results: Both gabapentin and pregabalin have been shown in previous studies to treat postoperative pain effectively. The effects of gabapentin 300 mg TID for 3 days versus pregabalin 50 mg TID for 3 days on decreasing overall postoperative pain following PRK will be presented.

Conclusion: The effectiveness of the two different treatment medications will be analyzed, and the conclusion will be based on the results.


Condition Intervention
Postoperative Pain Drug: Gabapentin Drug: pregabalin

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double (Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison of Oral Gabapentin and Pregabalin in Postoperative Pain Control After Photorefractive Keratectomy: a Prospective, Randomized Study.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Loma Linda University:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Decreased Overall Pain Score as Measured by the Visual Analogue Scale [ Time Frame: one month ]
    No data was collected or analyzed. No study procedures were performed.


Enrollment: 8
Study Start Date: November 2009
Study Completion Date: April 2013
Primary Completion Date: September 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Gabapentin
Neurontin
Drug: Gabapentin
Gabapentin - 300 mg three times a day starting two hours prior to surgery and will continue for a total of four days
Other Name: Neurontin
Experimental: Pregabalin
Lyrica
Drug: pregabalin
50 mg PO TID
Other Name: Lyrica

Detailed Description:

METHODS:

One hundred and four patients who meet the inclusion criteria undergoing photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in one or both eyes will be randomly assigned into one of two treatment groups via computer. Those in group A will be treated with gabapentin and those in group B will be treated with pregabalin to control postoperative PRK pain. Patients in both groups will begin treatment two hours prior to surgery. Patients in the gabapentin group will take 300 mg three times a day starting two hours prior to surgery and will continue for a total of four days. Patients in the pregabalin group will take 50 mg three times a day starting two hours prior to surgery and will also continue for four days.

Only the refractive surgery coordinator and the patient will know what medication the patient is taking. The patient will be instructed not to share this information with any other study participants or their surgeon. The coordinator will keep a list of the patients ID numbers and the treatments they are receiving.

Prior to surgery, each patient will be taught how to assess their pain level using the visual analogue scale (VAS), a well documented method of pain assessment. After surgery the patients will assess their pain levels at different intervals of time - one hour after surgery, the evening of the surgery, and three times a day for four subsequent days. Patients will also daily assess their level of somnolence using the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) and record the presence of dizziness daily for the same amount of time. On the fourth day they will return to clinic for a post operative appointment. At that time the pain assessment scales will be collected and analyzed. The patients will return at one month to further assess long term pain after PRK.

Statistical Analysis:

Postoperative pain levels recorded using the visual analogue scales, ESS, and self reported dizziness assessments will be collected on the fourth postoperative day. These will be compiled into data sets and analyzed. Data will be compiled into means with lower and upper quartiles and analyzed using a two-sided t test. The difference in pain levels will be described throughout the postoperative period to determine if one medication significantly reduces postoperative pain initially within the first 24 hours, during the interval between 24 hours to four days, and further after surgery (one month postoperatively). Data regarding levels of somnolence and dizziness will also be reported.

  Eligibility

Information from the National Library of Medicine

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Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 70 Years   (Adult, Senior)
Sexes Eligible for Study:   All
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • 18 years of age or older
  • Undergoing PRK in at least one eye

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Serious medical problems within the last 6 months including myocardial infarction (heart attack), congestive heart failure, stroke, deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, and other conditions, etc.
  • Serious kidney disease as evidenced by the need for dialysis or kidney transplant.
  • History of seizure or other neurologic disorders.
  • Patients intending to become pregnant or who are pregnant or nursing over the projected course of treatment.
  • Currently taking gabapentin or pregabalin for other medical purposes.
  • Known allergic reaction to gabapentin or pregabalin from previous use.
  • Plans to move out of the area within 8 weeks after the surgery.
  Contacts and Locations
Information from the National Library of Medicine

To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the contact information provided by the sponsor.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier (NCT number): NCT00954187


Locations
United States, California
Loma Linda University - Ophthalmology
Loma Linda, California, United States, 92354
Sponsors and Collaborators
Loma Linda University
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Julio Narvaez, MD Loma Linda University
  More Information

Publications:
Shortt AJ, Allan BD. Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) versus laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for myopia. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2006 Apr 19;(2):CD005135. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;1:CD005135.
Ambrósio R Jr, Wilson S. LASIK vs LASEK vs PRK: advantages and indications. Semin Ophthalmol. 2003 Mar;18(1):2-10. Review.
Lee JB, Kim JS, Choe C, Seong GJ, Kim EK. Comparison of two procedures: photorefractive keratectomy versus laser in situ keratomileusis for low to moderate myopia. Jpn J Ophthalmol. 2001 Sep-Oct;45(5):487-91.
Van de Pol C, Greig JL, Estrada A, Bissette GM, Bower KS. Visual and flight performance recovery after PRK or LASIK in helicopter pilots. Aviat Space Environ Med. 2007 Jun;78(6):547-53.
Walker MB, Wilson SE. Recovery of uncorrected visual acuity after laser in situ keratomileusis or photorefractive keratectomy for low myopia. Cornea. 2001 Mar;20(2):153-5.
Sandoval HP, de Castro LE, Vroman DT, Solomon KD. Refractive Surgery Survey 2004. J Cataract Refract Surg. 2005 Jan;31(1):221-33.
Hazelrigg SR, Auer JE, Seifert PE. Experience in 100 transthoracic balloon pumps. Ann Thorac Surg. 1992 Sep;54(3):528-32.
Dirks J, Fredensborg BB, Christensen D, Fomsgaard JS, Flyger H, Dahl JB. A randomized study of the effects of single-dose gabapentin versus placebo on postoperative pain and morphine consumption after mastectomy. Anesthesiology. 2002 Sep;97(3):560-4.
Fassoulaki A, Patris K, Sarantopoulos C, Hogan Q. The analgesic effect of gabapentin and mexiletine after breast surgery for cancer. Anesth Analg. 2002 Oct;95(4):985-91, table of contents.
Pandey CK, Navkar DV, Giri PJ, Raza M, Behari S, Singh RB, Singh U, Singh PK. Evaluation of the optimal preemptive dose of gabapentin for postoperative pain relief after lumbar diskectomy: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Neurosurg Anesthesiol. 2005 Apr;17(2):65-8.
Turan A, Karamanlioğlu B, Memiş D, Hamamcioglu MK, Tükenmez B, Pamukçu Z, Kurt I. Analgesic effects of gabapentin after spinal surgery. Anesthesiology. 2004 Apr;100(4):935-8.
Turan A, Memiş D, Karamanlioğlu B, Yağiz R, Pamukçu Z, Yavuz E. The analgesic effects of gabapentin in monitored anesthesia care for ear-nose-throat surgery. Anesth Analg. 2004 Aug;99(2):375-8, table of contents.
Ménigaux C, Adam F, Guignard B, Sessler DI, Chauvin M. Preoperative gabapentin decreases anxiety and improves early functional recovery from knee surgery. Anesth Analg. 2005 May;100(5):1394-9, table of contents.
Kavalieratos CS, Dimou T. Gabapentin therapy for painful, blind glaucomatous eye: case report. Pain Med. 2008 Apr;9(3):377-8. doi: 10.1111/j.1526-4637.2006.00167.x.
Poujois A, Vidailhet M, Trocello JM, Bourdain F, Gaymard B, Rivaud-Péchoux S. Effect of gabapentin on oculomotor control and parkinsonism in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy. Eur J Neurol. 2007 Sep;14(9):1060-2.
Rahman W, Proudlock F, Gottlob I. Oral gabapentin treatment for symptomatic Heimann-Bielschowsky phenomenon. Am J Ophthalmol. 2006 Jan;141(1):221-2.
Choudhuri I, Sarvananthan N, Gottlob I. Survey of management of acquired nystagmus in the United Kingdom. Eye (Lond). 2007 Sep;21(9):1194-7. Epub 2006 May 26.
Nissman SA, Tractenberg RE, Babbar-Goel A, Pasternak JF. Oral gabapentin for the treatment of postoperative pain after photorefractive keratectomy. Am J Ophthalmol. 2008 Apr;145(4):623-629. doi: 10.1016/j.ajo.2007.11.012. Epub 2008 Jan 28.
Agarwal A, Gautam S, Gupta D, Agarwal S, Singh PK, Singh U. Evaluation of a single preoperative dose of pregabalin for attenuation of postoperative pain after laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Br J Anaesth. 2008 Nov;101(5):700-4. doi: 10.1093/bja/aen244. Epub 2008 Aug 20.
Taylor CP. Mechanisms of analgesia by gabapentin and pregabalin--calcium channel alpha2-delta [Cavalpha2-delta] ligands. Pain. 2009 Mar;142(1-2):13-6. doi: 10.1016/j.pain.2008.11.019. Epub 2009 Jan 6. Review.
Guay DR. Pregabalin in neuropathic pain: a more "pharmaceutically elegant" gabapentin? Am J Geriatr Pharmacother. 2005 Dec;3(4):274-87. Review.
Lesser H, Sharma U, LaMoreaux L, Poole RM. Pregabalin relieves symptoms of painful diabetic neuropathy: a randomized controlled trial. Neurology. 2004 Dec 14;63(11):2104-10.
Richter RW, Portenoy R, Sharma U, Lamoreaux L, Bockbrader H, Knapp LE. Relief of painful diabetic peripheral neuropathy with pregabalin: a randomized, placebo-controlled trial. J Pain. 2005 Apr;6(4):253-60.
Huskisson EC. Measurement of pain. Lancet. 1974 Nov 9;2(7889):1127-31.
Scott J, Huskisson EC. Graphic representation of pain. Pain. 1976 Jun;2(2):175-84.
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Responsible Party: Loma Linda University
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00954187     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 59070
First Submitted: August 5, 2009
First Posted: August 7, 2009
Results First Submitted: September 18, 2014
Results First Posted: September 25, 2014
Last Update Posted: January 9, 2017
Last Verified: November 2016

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Pain, Postoperative
Pain
Neurologic Manifestations
Nervous System Diseases
Postoperative Complications
Pathologic Processes
Signs and Symptoms
Pregabalin
Gabapentin
gamma-Aminobutyric Acid
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anticonvulsants
Calcium Channel Blockers
Membrane Transport Modulators
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Anti-Anxiety Agents
Tranquilizing Agents
Central Nervous System Depressants
Psychotropic Drugs
Antiparkinson Agents
Anti-Dyskinesia Agents
Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists
Excitatory Amino Acid Agents
Neurotransmitter Agents
Antimanic Agents
GABA Agents


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